Buochs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Buochs
Buochs -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Buochs
Canton Nidwalden
District n.a.
46°58′N 8°25′E / 46.967°N 8.417°E / 46.967; 8.417Coordinates: 46°58′N 8°25′E / 46.967°N 8.417°E / 46.967; 8.417
Population 5,370 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 542 /km2 (1,405 /sq mi)
Area 9.95 km2 (3.84 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 435 m (1,427 ft)
Postal code 6374
SFOS number 1502
Surrounded by Beckenried, Ennetbürgen, Gersau (SZ), Oberdorf, Stans
Twin towns Deidesheim (Germany)
Website www.buochs.ch
SFSO statistics
Buochs is located in Switzerland
Buochs
Buochs

Buochs is a municipality in the canton of Nidwalden in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Buochs is first mentioned in 1124 as Boches. In 1184 it was mentioned as Buoches in 1210 as Buches, and in 1229 as Buchs.[3]

Geography[edit]

Gulf of Buochs on Lake Lucerne

Buochs has an area, as of 2006, of 9.9 square kilometers (3.8 sq mi). Of this area, 48% is used for agricultural purposes, while 34.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 16% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located along the roads between Ennetbürgen, Beckenried and Stans. It is on the western side of Lake Lucerne between the Engelberger Aa and the Buochserhorn mountain. It consists of the former linear village of Buochs.

Demographics[edit]

Buochs has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 5,370.[1] As of 2007, 11.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 8.7%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (90.9%), with Italian being second most common ( 1.8%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 1.7%).[4] As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.

As of 2000 there are 1,893 households, of which 1,150 households (or about 60.8%) contain only one or two individuals. 189 or about 10.0% are large households, with at least five members.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the FDP which received 89.9% of the vote. Most of the rest of the votes went to local small right-wing parties (9.4%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Buochs about 73% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Buochs has an unemployment rate of 1.32%. As of 2005, there were 143 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 54 businesses involved in this sector. 484 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 53 businesses in this sector. 856 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 151 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1743 about 850
1850 1,284
1900 1,638
1950 2,355
2000 4,856
2005 5,323

Sights[edit]

The main sights of Buochs are the church St. Martin, the Loreto chapel in Ennerberg, a monument of Johann Melchior Wyrsch, and the quay.

Sports[edit]

The most popular sports club in the village is the football club SC Buochs, who play in the 2. Liga Interregional.

From 15 to 19 July 2009 the ICF Junior Wildwater Worldchampionships took place. It was mainly organized by members of the canoeclub of Nidwalden and the canoeclub of Obwalden. The races were on the Engelberger Aa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 29 August 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Buochs in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 04-Sep-2009
  5. ^ Nidwalden Statistical Office-Population (German) accessed 4 September 2009
  6. ^ Nidwalden Statistical Office-Municipalities (German) accessed 4 September 2009