Cabañeros National Park

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Cabañeros National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Dehesa cabaneros.jpg
A dehesa, traditional pastoral management in the park
Map showing the location of Cabañeros National Park
Map showing the location of Cabañeros National Park
Location in Spain
Location Navas de Estena, Retuerta del Bullaque, Alcoba de los Montes, Horcajo de los Montes, Hontanar.
Nearest city Toledo
Coordinates 39°23′47″N 4°29′14″W / 39.39639°N 4.48722°W / 39.39639; -4.48722Coordinates: 39°23′47″N 4°29′14″W / 39.39639°N 4.48722°W / 39.39639; -4.48722
Area 409 km²
Established 20 November 1995
Visitors 75000 approx. (in 2007)
Governing body Parques, (Spanish Ministry of Environment)

Cabañeros National Park (in Spanish: Parque Nacional de Cabañeros) is a national park in the Montes de Toledo, Spain. It falls within two provinces, the northwest of Ciudad Real and the southwest of Toledo.

The Park was designated in 1995 and has an area of 390 square kilometres (150 sq mi).[1] It lies between the Estena and Bullaque rivers, extending into the Chorito and Miraflores mountain ranges.

It is the best and largest surviving area of Iberian Mediterranean forest, with an enormous variety of plant species.

As a curiosity, their exact antipodes coincide with Tongariro National Park, in New Zealand.[2]Tongariro National Park.


The fauna of the park is notable, both for its variety (276 species of vertebrates) and for the high percentage of endangered species. Mammals include the otter in the Estena river and four species of ungulates: wild boar, red deer, roe deer and (in the most forested areas) fallow deer.[3] The Park has been designated as a site for the reintroduction of the Iberian lynx, a critically endangered feline that was reported for the last time in the Toledo Mountains in 2000.[4]

The Park is a Special Protection Area for birdlife,[5] and provides a home for the following notable species:

Conservation issues[edit]

In theory there is a ban on hunting in the park, but some hunting is allowed for purposes of "population control" (as opposed to sporting purposes).[6]


  1. ^ Information about Cabañeros from Environment Ministry website, accessed April 2009 (Spanish)
  2. ^ Recent dynamics of oak woodlands:a comparative ecological study at landscale scale R. Elena-Rosselló, M. Kelly; A. Martin; S. González_ävila; D. Sánchez de Ron; J.M. García del Barrio 02/2013; In book: Conservation and Management of Working Mediterranean Oak Woodland Ecosystems, Chapter: 14, Publisher: Springer Verlag, Editors: P. Campos-Palacín; L. Huntsinger, J.L. Oviedo
  3. ^
  4. ^ Pérez de Albéniz, Javier (2006) El Line Ibérico: Una batalla por la supervivencia. Lynx Ed., p.50
  5. ^ "Important Bird Areas factsheet: Toledo mountains-Cabañeros". BirdLife International.  Downloaded from on 11/01/2014
  6. ^ Mendez, Rafael. "El director de Parques Nacionales fue a una montería en la linde de Cabañeros". Retrieved 11 January 2014. 

External links[edit]