In the late 19th century, the Phylloxera epidemic destroyed most of the European vineyards, most notably in France. It is believed that one of the varieties lost to the European vineyards was the Cabernet Gemischt grape (also occasionally spelt as 'Cabernet Gernischt'), an ancestor of today’s Cabernet Franc. A number of winemakers and Chinese wine industry figures believe that Cabernet Gernischt could be the same grape as Carmenère, being mistakenly called "mixed cabernet" when it arrived in China. However, the grape variety was introduced into the Shandong region of China in 1892 by Zhangyu Winery (or Changyu Pioneer Wine Company) The name has been changed to Cabernet Gernischt (either by intent or by misspelling), but it still maintains the grape’s aromas and flavors.
- Mr Zhang, director of Changyu Wine Museum in Yantai; Mr Gérard Colin, general director at Domaines Barons de Rothschild Citic Wine Estate in Shandong province, both in talks with the OIV MSc programme in wine management, June 2010
- Journal of Fruit Science, G. Luo, China Agricultural University, 1999
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