|Composition method||Executive selection (Qualifications imposed)|
|Authorized by||Constitution of India|
|Number of positions||32|
|Cabinet Secretary (India)|
|Since||June 14, 2011|
The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India. It functions from the Secretariat Building, New Delhi, where most of Cabinet of India sits. It comprises a set of two buildings on opposite sides of Rajpath that are home to some of the most important ministries of the Government of India, situated on Raisina Hill, New Delhi, India.
The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India (Transaction of Business) Rules, 1961 and the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules 1961, facilitating smooth transaction of business in Ministries/ Departments of the Government by ensuring adherence to these rules. The Secretariat assists in decision-making in Government by ensuring Inter-Ministerial coordination, ironing out differences amongst Ministries/ Departments and evolving consensus through the instrumentality of the standing/ adhoc Committees of Secretaries. Through this mechanism new policy initiatives are also promoted.
The Secretariat Building houses the following ministries:
- Ministry of Defence (MoD)
- Ministry of Finance (MoF)
- Ministry of External Affairs (MEA)
- Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)
- Prime Minister's Office (PMO)
The Secretariat Building consists of two buildings: the North Block and the South Block. Both the buildings flank the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
- The South Block houses the Prime Minister Office, Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of External Affairs.
- The North Block primarily houses the Ministry of Finance and the Home Ministry.
The terms 'North Block' and 'South Block' are often used to refer to the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of External Affairs respectively.
The Secretariat Building was designed by the prominent British architect Herbert Baker. The building adopts from Moghul and Rajputana style of architecture. Examples include the use of Jali - decorated to protect from scorching sun and monsoon rains of India. Another feature of the building is a dome-like structure known as the Chatri, a design unique to India, used in ancient times to give relief to travelers by providing shade from the hot Indian sun.
The style of architecture used in Secretariat Building is unique to Raisina Hill.
The Cabinet Secretariat is under the direct charge of the Prime Minister. The administrative head of the Cabinet Secretariat is the Cabinet Secretary who is also the ex officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board.
As a matter of convention the senior most civil servant is appointed as a Cabinet Secretary. He belongs to the Indian Administrative Service. The incumbent generally has a tenure of 2 to 3 years.
Before the adoption of the portfolio system in the Government of India, all governmental business was disposed of by the Governor-General-in Council (earlier name of Cabinet Secretariat), the Council functioning as a joint consultative board. As the amount and complexity of business of the Government increased, the work of the various departments was distributed amongst the members of the Council only the more important cases being dealt with by the Governor-General or the Council collectively.
This procedure was legalised by the Councils Act of 1861 during the time of Lord Canning, leading to the introduction of the portfolio system and the inception of the Executive Council of the Governor-General. The Secretariat of the Executive Council was headed by the Cabinet Secretary.
The constitution of the Interim Government in September 1946 brought a change in the name, though little in functions, of this Office. The Executive Council's Secretariat was then designated as Cabinet Secretariat. It seems, however, at least in retrospect, that Independence brought a sort of change in the functions of the Cabinet Secretariat. It no longer remained concerned with only the passive work of circulating papers to Ministers and Ministries but developed into an organisation for effecting coordination between the Ministries.
The Cabinet Secretary is the administrative head of Cabinet Secretariat and all the civil services under the constitution. Thus, he is the head of all the services including the Indian Police Service (IPS) and the Indian Revenue Service (IRS). He ranks eleventh in the Table of Precedence of India.
Cabinet Secretariat has three wings: civil, military and intelligence. Under the Cabinet Secretary, there are several secretaries heading various departments, e.g., Secretary (Co-ordination) (heads the Department of Cabinet Affairs), Secretary (Performance Management) (also holds the post of Chairman, National Authority, Chemical Weapons Convention), Secretary (Security) (under whom comes the Special Protection Group) and Secretary (R&AW) (heads Research and Analysis Wing; ex officio Director General of Security, under whom are the Aviation Research Centre and the Special Frontier Force). The Directorate of Public Grievances is also under the Cabinet Secretariat.
The Cabinet Secretariat is under the direct charge of the Prime Minister.When any policy is made in the Cabinet Secretariat there must be signature of Prime Minister and Cabinet Secretary of India.The Prime Minister of India is the Head of the Union (Federal) Government, as distinct from the President of India, who is the Head of State. Since India has adopted the Westminster model of constitutional democracy, it is the Prime Minister who oversees the day-to-day functioning of the Union (Federal) Government of India.
The Prime Minister is assisted in this task by his Council of Ministers, comprising Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of State with Independent Charge, Ministers of State who work with Cabinet Ministers, and Deputy Ministers.
The Cabinet Secretariat is very powerful and its authority has been distributed among individual ministers with certain portfolios, they are called Cabinet Ministers.