California State Route 7
State Route 7 highlighted in red
|Defined by S&HC § 307|
|Maintained by Caltrans|
|Length:||6.718 mi (10.812 km)|
|Existed:||1990 – present|
|South end:||Mexican border near Mexicali|
|SR 98 near Calexico|
|North end:||I-8 / CR S32 near Holtville|
State Route 7 (SR 7) is a state highway in the U.S. state of California, running from the Calexico East Port of Entry on the U.S.-Mexico border east of Calexico north to its terminus at Interstate 8 (I-8), where Orchard Road continues the route north towards Holtville. The route provides convenient access to the country of Mexico from I-8. The southern portion of the route opened in 1996, and the rest of the route connecting to I-8 opened in 2005.
SR 7 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System, and is built to expressway standards. The highway begins at the Calexico East Border Station, which is open from 6 am to 10 pm, seven days a week. Just north of the border, the highway splits into two roads to pass through the customs checkpoints before the two roads merge back together; the fork to the west is for cars, and the fork to the east is for commercial vehicles. SR 7 takes the western fork, which passes over the other fork at the northern end and merges into that highway. From here to Interstate 8, SR 7 is an expressway known as Orchard Road. Before reaching I-8, SR 7 travels north and has an at-grade intersection with SR 98 and a few other roads. At its northern end, SR 7 turns into County Route S32 (still Orchard Road) as it intersects with I-8. The entire route runs through the Sonoran Desert.
SR 7 was added to the state highway system in 1990, and to the Freeway and Expressway System in 1998. The segment from the Mexican border to SR 98 was completed by March 1996 to expressway standards; this cost $9.1 million to complete. However, the border crossing was not opened until December 2, 1996 due to delays in constructing the Mexican portion of the border crossing. Because of the 1994 economic crisis in Mexico, there was not enough money to complete the construction of the road leading up to the border facility on the Mexican side, as well as the Mexican border facility itself. The segment from SR 98 to I-8 began construction in March 2004 at a cost of $64.5 million; however, it was completed in mid-2005.
|S0.00||Mexico – United States border|
|International Border (commercial trucks, cars)||Interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|Calexico||1.19||SR 98 – Calexico, Yuma|
|6.72||I-8 – San Diego, Yuma||Interchange|
|6.72||CR S32 (Orchard Road) – Holtville||Continuation beyond I-8|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- California State Legislature (1990). "An act...relating to highways". State of California. 1990 chapter 1187, p. 4964.
- "State Truck Route List" (XLS file). California Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on 20 February 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- California State Legislature (1998). "An act...relating to transportation". State of California. 1998 chapter 877.
- "Service Port - Calexico East - Class A". U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- Google Inc. Google Maps – SR 7 Map (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/?ie=UTF8&ll=32.717399,-115.336533&spn=0.254768,0.617294&z=11.
- Yahoo! Inc. Yahoo! Maps – SR 7 Map (Map). Cartography by Navteq. http://maps.yahoo.com/#mvt=m&lat=32.726098&lon=-115.367624&zoom=12. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- "SR-7.ai". California Department of Transportation. December 2004. Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- "State Route 7". California Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- Lindquist, Diane (3 March 1996). "Border Opportunity: Economic boom predicted when Calexico crossing opens this summer". The San Diego Union-Tribune.
- Salorio, Michael (17 April 2005). "Ceremony marks completion of State Route 7". Imperial Valley Press. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- "All Traffic Volumes on CSHS". California Department of Transportation. 2005–2006. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- "Log of Bridges on State Highways" (PDF). California Department of Transportation. January 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2011.