California State Route 7
State Route 7 highlighted in red
|Defined by S&HC § 307|
|Maintained by Caltrans|
|Length:||6.718 mi (10.812 km)|
|Existed:||1990 – present|
|South end:||Mexican border near Mexicali|
|SR 98 near Calexico|
|North end:||I‑8 / CR S32 near Holtville|
State Route 7 (SR 7) is a state highway in the U.S. state of California, running from the Calexico East Port of Entry on the U.S.-Mexico border east of Calexico north to its terminus at Interstate 8 (I-8), where Orchard Road continues the route north towards Holtville. The route provides convenient access to the country of Mexico from I-8. The southern portion of the route opened in 1996, and the rest of the route connecting to I-8 opened in 2005.
The highway begins at the Calexico East Border Station, which is open from 6 am to 10 pm, seven days a week. Just north of the border, the highway splits into two roads to pass through the customs checkpoints before the two roads merge back together; the fork to the west is for cars, and the fork to the east is for commercial vehicles. SR 7 takes the western fork, which passes over the other fork at the northern end and merges into that highway. From here to I-8, SR 7 is an expressway known as Orchard Road. Before reaching I-8, SR 7 travels north and has an at-grade intersection with SR 98 and a few other roads. At its northern end, SR 7 turns into County Route S32 (still Orchard Road) as it intersects with I-8. The entire route runs through the Sonoran Desert and is built to expressway standards.
The route was constructed to allow commercial traffic to travel between Mexico and the United States. SR 7 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System, and is part of the National Highway System, a network of highways that are essential to the country's economy, defense, and mobility. In 2012, SR 7 had an annual average daily traffic (AADT) of 2,300 at the Calexico inspection station, and 15,000 at Menvielle Road along the spur, the latter of which was the highest AADT for the highway.
SR 7 was added to the state highway system in 1990, and to the Freeway and Expressway System in 1998. The segment from the Mexican border to SR 98 was completed by March 1996 to expressway standards; this cost $9.1 million (about $15.6 million in 2012 dollars) to complete. However, the border crossing was not opened until December 2, 1996, due to delays in constructing the Mexican portion of the border crossing. Because of the 1994 economic crisis in Mexico, there was not enough money to complete the construction of the road leading up to the border facility on the Mexican side, as well as the Mexican border facility itself. The segment from SR 98 to I-8 began construction in March 2004 at a cost of $64.5 million (about $79.7 million in 2012 dollars); however, it was completed in mid-2005.
|S0.00||Mexico–United States border||South end of SR 7|
|International Border (commercial trucks, cars)||Interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|Calexico||1.19||SR 98 – Calexico, Yuma|
|6.72||I‑8 – San Diego, Yuma||Interchange|
|6.72||CR S32 (Orchard Road) – Holtville||Continuation beyond I-8|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- California State Legislature (1990). "An act...relating to highways". State of California. 1990 chapter 1187, p. 4964.
- "State Truck Route List" (XLS file). California Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on 20 February 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- "Service Port - Calexico East - Class A". U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- Google Inc. "SR 7 Map". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/?ie=UTF8&ll=32.717399,-115.336533&spn=0.254768,0.617294&z=11.
- Yahoo! Inc. "SR 7 Map". Yahoo! Maps (Map). Cartography by Navteq. http://maps.yahoo.com/#mvt=m&lat=32.726098&lon=-115.367624&zoom=12. Retrieved 22 March 2011.
- "State-Route 7 Transportation Concept Summary". Caltrans. September 2011. p. 2. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
- California State Legislature. "Streets and Highways Code Section 250–257". California State Legislature. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
- Federal Highway Administration (PDF). National Highway System: San Diego, CA (Map). http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/national_highway_system/nhs_maps/southern_california/ca_californiasouth.pdf. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- Adderly, Kevin (August 26, 2010). "The National Highway System". Planning, Environment, and Realty. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2011.
- Staff (2012). "All Traffic Volumes on CSHS". California Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 12, 2014.
- California State Legislature (1998). "An act...relating to transportation". State of California. 1998 chapter 877.
- "SR-7.ai" (PDF). California Department of Transportation. December 2004. Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- United States nominal Gross Domestic Product per capita figures follow the "Measuring Worth" series supplied in Johnston, Louis; Williamson, Samuel H. (2014). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved April 18, 2014. These figures follow the figures as of 2012.
- "State Route 7". California Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- Lindquist, Diane (3 March 1996). "Border Opportunity: Economic boom predicted when Calexico crossing opens this summer". The San Diego Union-Tribune.
- Salorio, Michael (17 April 2005). "Ceremony marks completion of State Route 7". Imperial Valley Press. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- "All Traffic Volumes on CSHS". California Department of Transportation. 2005–2006. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- "Log of Bridges on State Highways" (PDF). California Department of Transportation. January 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2011.