|Camille Henri Thériault|
|29th Premier of New Brunswick|
May 14, 1998 – June 21, 1999
|Lieutenant Governor||Marilyn T. Counsell|
|Preceded by||Raymond Frenette|
|Succeeded by||Bernard Lord|
February 25, 1955 |
Baie-Ste-Anne, New Brunswick
The son of Joséphine Martin and Norbert Thériault, a former provincial cabinet minister and Canadian Senator, Camille Thériault was born in Baie-Ste-Anne, New Brunswick, and graduated from Ecole Régionale de Baie Sainte-Anne. He then obtained a bachelor of social science degree with a major in political science from the Université de Moncton.
Due to the unusual situation of leading a government with no parliamentary opposition, Premier Frank McKenna named backbench members of his caucus to form a shadow cabinet. Thériault was the leader of this "unofficial opposition", which met daily when the house was in session to prepare questions of Question Period of which the ministers would be given no notice.
Following the 1991 election, some balance was restored to the legislature with the opposition parties holding 12 of 58 seats and the "unofficial opposition" was not continued. Thériault was named to cabinet as Minister of Fisheries. In 1994, he was appointed Minister of Advanced Education and Labour
When McKenna announced his resignation in 1997, Thériault, who had long expected to be the favourite, saw the early position of front-runner fall to charismatic Finance Minister Edmond Blanchard. Blanchard soon dropped out of the race.
Thériault left cabinet to campaign, as did his two opponents, Education Minister Bernard Richard and junior cabinet minister Greg Byrne. Byrne, a relative unknown before the race, caught momentum during the race but Thériault managed to win on the first ballot. As leader of the governing Liberals, he soon became premier.
He rejigged the cabinet upon being sworn-in, changing some departments and decreasing its overall size. He pledged to bring in many new programs, focussing on social services following the fiscal conservatism of McKenna, but felt he should win a mandate of his own before instituting any major changes.
The Opposition Progressive Conservatives had themselves just chosen a leader, the young Bernard Lord, an unknown with no political experience. As has always been Canadian tradition, Thériault waited for Lord to contest a seat for the legislature and get some experience in the House before calling a vote. Despite that, Thériault gave up one of the key advantages of the incumbency, letting it be widely known months in advance that the election would be held in June 1999.
Thériault and his Liberals widely underestimated Lord's Conservatives over whom they enjoyed a double-digit lead in opinion polls. Early in the campaign, Lord reversed his earlier position, shared with the government, supporting highway tolls on the new divided route from Fredericton to Moncton. Lord used his new pledge to remove the tolls as the centrepiece of his campaign, he effectively used the issue as the prime example for the arrogance of the government and also incorporated his pledge into his "200 Days of Change" promise—20 key commitments Lord said he would implement within his first 200 days in office.
Thériault largely ignored Lord's surging campaign as he felt the Liberals would easily cruise to victory—a feeling mirrored in polls right up until the last week. On June 7, election, the Tories won their largest victory ever taking 44 of 55 seats. Thériault's concession speech was very gracious and probably his best of the campaign, he said "the people have spoken, and the people are never wrong" in seeing the party's seats reduced from 45 to 10.
Thériault stayed on as leader of the opposition and was very effective in the role. Despite this, the Liberals lost two by-elections in early 2001 that had been vacated by former Liberal cabinet ministers moving on to federal government. In March, Thériault resigned his seat and his leadership—both effective immediately.
Following his resignation, Prime Minister Jean Chrétien appointed him to the federal Transportation Safety Board, within the year he was named its chairman. In 2004, he was named president of the Mouvement des Caisses Populaires Acadiennes.
Thériault mused briefly about running in the 2004 federal election and is considered a likely candidate for federal office in the future.
- "Premiers Since Confederation". Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick. Retrieved 2010-06-19.
- Stewart, David Kenney; Stewart, Ian (2007). Conventional choices: Maritime leadership politics. Vancouver: UBC Press. ISBN 0-7748-1341-5.
- Howlett, Michael; Brownsey, Keith (2001). The provincial state in Canada: politics in the provinces and territories. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press. pp. 103–4. ISBN 1-55111-368-6.
- Savoie, Donald J. (2001). Pulling against gravity: economic development in New Brunswick during the McKenna years. Halifax, N.S: Institute for Research on Public Policy. ISBN 0-88645-192-2.
|Party political offices|
|Opposition Leader in the New Brunswick Legislature
|Leader of the New Brunswick Liberals