) is a North American
country consisting of ten provinces and three territories
. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean
in the east to the Pacific Ocean
in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean
. It is the world's second largest country by total area
. Canada's common border
with the United States
to the south and northwest is the longest in the world.
The land that is now Canada was inhabited for millennia by various groups of Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.
Canada is a federation that is governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual nation with both English and French as official languages at the federal level. One of the world's highly developed countries, Canada has a diversified economy that is reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade—particularly with the United States, with which Canada has had a long and complex relationship. It is a member of the G8, G-20, NATO, OECD, WTO, Commonwealth, Francophonie, OAS, APEC, and UN.
Selected article -
The Prince of Wales Trophy
, or simply the Wales Trophy
, is a National Hockey League
(NHL) trophy awarded to the Eastern Conference
(formerly the Wales Conference
) playoff champions. The trophy is awarded prior to the final series which are the championship games to decide the winner for the Stanley Cup
against the Western Conference's
champions. The Pittsburgh Penguins
are the current holders of the trophy after winning the 2008 Eastern Conference playoffs
by eliminating the Philadelphia Flyers
in five games. The trophy was first established in the 1923-24 NHL season
, for the champion of the NHL playoffs, but it has been the trophy for 8 different accomplishments, which also include being the NHL regular season champions, American Division regular season champions, regular season champions, East Division regular season champions, Wales Conference regular season champions, Wales Conference playoffs champions, and Eastern Conference playoffs champions.
The Prince of Wales Trophy was donated by His Royal Highness, the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VIII and the Duke of Windsor), in 1924. It was first presented to the playoff champion of the NHL (replacing the O'Brien Cup) who then went on to face the Western Hockey League (WHL) champion for the Stanley Cup.
Selected biography -
Martin Pierre Brodeur
(French pronunciation: [mɑʁˈtẽ bʁoˈdœʁ]
) (born May 6, 1972, in Montreal
) is a professional ice hockey
goaltender who has played his entire National Hockey League
career with the New Jersey Devils
. In his 13-year tenure, he has led the team to three Stanley Cup championships and has taken them to the playoffs all but once. In addition to holding over thirty Devils franchise records, he is on pace to surpass Patrick Roy
's career records for wins, games played and minutes played, as well as Terry Sawchuk
's record for career shutouts, and Patrick Roy
's record for career playoff shutouts.
Brodeur has been among the NHL's most consistent goaltenders over the past decade, winning at least 35 games each of the last ten seasons as well as being the only goalie in NHL history with six 40-win seasons. He is a three-time Vezina Trophy winner, a four-time Jennings Trophy winner, a nine-time NHL All Star, and one of only two NHL goaltenders to have scored goals in the regular season and the playoffs. In the 2006-07 NHL season, Brodeur surpassed Sawchuk and still-active Ed Belfour on the all-time wins list and Glenn Hall on the all-time shutouts list to rank 2nd and 3rd in those categories, respectively. He also passed Bernie Parent's record of 47 single-season wins with his 48th win on April 5, 2007.
Brodeur is considered a hybrid style goalie, which differs from the typical butterfly style of his native Quebec. He is best known for his reflexes, especially with his glove hand, his puck handling, and his strong positional play.
Canada in pictures -
A Canada Goose flying at Burnaby Lake Regional Park (Piper Spit), Burnaby, British Columbia.
Une Bernache du Canada en vol. Réserve régionale du lac Burnaby, Burnaby (dans l'agglomération de Vancouver), Colombie britanique.
Credit: Image by Alan D. Wilson, modified by Diliff (cropped and noise reduction applied).
Symbols of Canada -
Selected quote -
We'll explain the appeal of curling to you if you explain the appeal of the National Rifle Association to us.
Did you know... -
In the news
Canada on sister projects