Cammack Village, Arkansas

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Cammack Village, Arkansas
City
Pulaski County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Cammack Village Highlighted.svg
Coordinates: 34°46′48″N 92°20′49″W / 34.78000°N 92.34694°W / 34.78000; -92.34694Coordinates: 34°46′48″N 92°20′49″W / 34.78000°N 92.34694°W / 34.78000; -92.34694
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Pulaski
Incorporated 1943
Government
 • Mayor Harry Light
Area
 • Total 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Land 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 499 ft (152 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 768
 • Density 2,600/sq mi (960/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 72207
Area code(s) 501
FIPS code 05-10780
GNIS feature ID 0057496
Website http://cammackvillage.org

Cammack Village is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 768 at the 2010 census.[1] It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway metropolitan area.

History[edit]

Cammack Village is located on land originally owned by Wiley Dan Cammack. During the 1930s, Cammack allowed the land to be used for a Works Progress Administration roads project. Sometime before 1943, Cammack attempted to have the land annexed by the city of Little Rock, which lay to the west, but the city demurred, stating the land was "too far west". Thereafter, Cammack turned the land over to a federally subsidized housing project designed to alleviate housing shortages at Camp Joseph T. Robinson, Little Rock's primary National Guard base. The houses were laid out in rows and built with 870 square feet (81 m2) per unit, according to U.S. Army specifications for family housing. In order to provide for police and fire protection, Cammack pushed for the incorporation of the new neighborhood, which occurred on April 5, 1943.

Annexation efforts continued beyond Wiley Dan Cammack's first attempt. On October 3, 1946, supporters of annexation from both Little Rock and Cammack Village presented a petition for the annexation of Cammack Village to the city of Little Rock to the county clerk of Pulaski County. The petition was approved by the City Council of Little Rock, and the county court ordered that an election be held to determine the will of the voters of both Little Rock and Cammack Village in regards to annexation.

The election was held on November 19, 1946. The returns, as canvassed by the county court, showed that in Little Rock 308 electors voted for the proposed annexation and 112 electors voted against it, and that in Cammack Village 141 electors voted for the annexation and 139 electors voted against it. Because the proposal received a majority of the votes cast in each municipality, on November 26, 1946, Judge L. A. Mashburn issued an order annexing the city.

Following the order, John Coryn, an opponent of annexation, filed suit in the Third Division Circuit Court contesting the election. In his complaint, he alleged that the petition for annexation was improperly filed with the county clerk prior to its presentation to the City Council of Little Rock, that an insufficient number of electors signed this petition, that the officials holding said election were not properly named, and that seven of the 141 persons who voted in favor of said annexation in Cammack Village were not qualified voters. Coryn sought a judgment declaring that the proposal had failed to carry and that the order of annexation was invalid. The court ultimately directed that the cause be put in abeyance to allow proponents of the annexation the opportunity to file a writ of prohibition, which they did on February 10, 1947. See Russell v. Cockrill, 199 S.W.2d 584 (Ark. 1947). This writ, however, was ultimately denied, and Coryn and other opponents of the annexation prevailed.

The city became an example of an enclave, as it is completely surrounded by Little Rock. The city relies upon Little Rock for its water, waste collection, and power services, though it does maintain a police force of three full-time and five part-time officers, and uses Little Rock Fire Department. City government consists of an elected mayor and aldermen, along with a city attorney, recorder, and treasurer. The city maintains two parks, and Jefferson Elementary School of the Little Rock School District is located within its borders.

Today, the city primarily comprises the original military housing, though many have been enlarged from their original 870 square feet (81 m2). Several mansions were also later built on its north end, overlooking the Arkansas River.

On April 3, 2008, Cammack Village was a topic of national discussion as it was ravaged by an F1 tornado that passed through northern Little Rock. While there were no fatalities, at least five houses were completely destroyed and many more sustained severe damage.

Economy[edit]

As of January 2007, Cammack Village does not have a local sales tax enacted; however a 6% state and 1% county sales tax [1] does still apply to applicable transactions inside the city limits. The city’s operating budget comes from its share of the countywide sales tax; it is also a notorious speed trap.[citation needed] The speed limit for the city is 25 miles per hour (40 km/h). No businesses operate in Cammack Village.

Geography[edit]

Cammack Village is located at 34°46′48″N 92°20′49″W / 34.78000°N 92.34694°W / 34.78000; -92.34694 (34.779941, -92.346932).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Cammack Village was historically a sundown town, a place where African Americans were traditionally forbidden from residing. Federally subsidized housing projects during World War II were strictly segregated, and Cammack Village was no different, having been built solely for a white population. African Americans first appear on the U.S. Census records for Cammack Village in 1970, when four black people resided there. The next two censuses found none, and in 1998, reporter John Brummett noted that the city remained all white.

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 831 people, 395 households, and 240 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,893.1 people per square mile (1,106.4/km²). There were 406 housing units at an average density of 1,413.5/sq mi (540.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.83% White, 0.96% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 0.24% from two or more races. 1.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 395 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.70.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 36.7% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 76.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,909, and the median income for a family was $45,833. Males had a median income of $50,795 versus $33,021 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,865. About 9.1% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

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