Canarium australianum

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Canarium australianum
Canarium australianum fruit Kewarra 4240.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Burseraceae
Genus: Canarium
Species: C. australianum
Binomial name
Canarium australianum

Canarium australianum is a species of trees, native to Australia and Papua New Guinea, of the plant family Burseraceae.[1][2][3][4][5] Common names include mango bark, scrub turpentine, carrot wood, parsnip wood, Melville Island white beech and brown cudgerie.[1][3][4]

Three varieties are recognised in the Australian Plant Census:[1]

In Australia trees of all three varieties grow naturally widespread across northern regions, from sea level up to about 500 m (1,600 ft) altitude. In particular, growing in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, the Arnhem Land region of the Northern Territory, in north-eastern Queensland in the Wet Tropics region, further southwards from there as far as about Airlie Beach and further north in Cape York Peninsula and the Torres Strait Islands.[3][4][5]

Full grown trees may grow up to about 20–30 m (70–100 ft) tall.[3][4][5]


  1. ^ a b c d "Canarium australianum F.Muell.". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 17 Nov 2013. 
  2. ^ "Taxon: Canarium australianum F. Muell.". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A. et al. (Dec 2010). "Factsheet – Canarium australianum var. australianum". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6.1, online version [RFK 6.1]. Cairns, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), through its Division of Plant Industry; the Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research; the Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University. Retrieved 17 Nov 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d Cooper, Wendy; Cooper, William T. (June 2004). "Canarium australianum F.Muell.". Fruits of the Australian Tropical Rainforest. Clifton Hill, Victoria, Australia: Nokomis Editions. p. 96. ISBN 9780958174213. Retrieved 18 Nov 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Leenhouts, P. W.; Kalkman, C.; Lam, H. J. (March 1956). "Canarium australianum F.Muell.". Burseraceae (DIGITISED, ONLINE, VIA BIODIVERSITYLIBRARY.ORG). Flora Malesiana. Series I, Spermatophyta : Flowering Plants 5 (2) (Leiden, The Netherlands: Rijksherbarium / Hortus Botanicus, Leiden University). pp. 284–285. Retrieved 7 Dec 2014. 

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