Canarium australianum is a species of trees, native to Australia and Papua New Guinea, of the plant family Burseraceae. Common names include mango bark, scrub turpentine, carrot wood, parsnip wood, Melville Island white beech and brown cudgerie.
- C. australianum F.Muell. var. australianum
- C. australianum var. glabrum Leenh. - styptic tree, jalgir (Bardi language) - type specimen from Bickerton Island in the Gulf of Carpentaria
- C. australianum var. velutinum Hewson -jalgir (Bardi language) - type specimen from Cape Domett, north of Kununurra, Western Australia
In Australia trees of all three varieties grow naturally widespread across northern regions, from sea level up to about 500 m (1,600 ft) altitude. In particular, growing in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, the Arnhem Land region of the Northern Territory, in north-eastern Queensland in the Wet Tropics region, further southwards from there as far as about Airlie Beach and further north in Cape York Peninsula and the Torres Strait Islands.
- "Canarium australianum F.Muell.". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 17 Nov 2013.
- "Taxon: Canarium australianum F. Muell.". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A. et al. (Dec 2010). "Factsheet – Canarium australianum var. australianum". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6.1, online version [RFK 6.1]. Cairns, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, through its Division of Plant Industry; the Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research; the Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University. Retrieved 17 Nov 2013.
- Cooper, Wendy; Cooper, William T. (June 2004). "Canarium australianum F.Muell.". Fruits of the Australian Tropical Rainforest. Clifton Hill, Victoria, Australia: Nokomis Editions. p. 96. ISBN 9780958174213. Retrieved 18 Nov 2013.
- Leenhouts, P. W.; Kalkman, C.; Lam, H. J. (March 1956). Canarium australianum F.Muell. (Digitised, online, via biodiversitylibrary.org). "Burseraceae". Flora Malesiana. Series I, Spermatophyta : Flowering Plants 5 (2) (Leiden, The Netherlands: Rijksherbarium / Hortus Botanicus, Leiden University). pp. 284–285. Retrieved 18 Nov 2013.
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