Cape Zhelaniya

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Coordinates: 76°57′16.08″N 68°34′54.41″E / 76.9544667°N 68.5817806°E / 76.9544667; 68.5817806

Map showing the location of Cape Zhelaniya.

Cape Zhelaniya (Russian: Мыс Желания, or Mys Zhelaniya; Желание being Russian for 'wish'). is a cape that lies at the northern end of Severny Island, in Novaya Zemlya, Russia. The whole area is a desolate place, exposed to bitter Arctic winters.

Cape Zhelaniya is an important geographical landmark. There was a Soviet Arctic station there in World War II which was shelled by the Kriegsmarine during Operation Wunderland. It became a secret experimental station during the Cold War while a multitude of nuclear tests, including 88 atmospheric ones, were conducted in Novaya Zemlya. It functioned as a weather station until 1994, and since 2005 there has been an automatic meteorological station located here.[1][2]

This cape is also used as geographic point of reference to mark the separation between the northern ends of the Barents Sea and the Kara Sea.

References[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • F. Romanenko, O. Shilovtseva, Russian-Soviet polar stations and their role in the Arctic Seas exploration.
  • History of the Northern Sea Route: [1]
  • Geology: [2]