Cardamine

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Cardamine
Cardamine oligosperma 6649.JPG
Cardamine oligosperma
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Cardamine
L.

Cardamine (bittercress or bitter-cress) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae. It contains more than 150 species of annuals and perennials. The genus grows worldwide in diverse habitats, except the Antarctic. Genus Dentaria is a synonym for Cardamine.

The leaves can have different forms, going from minute to medium-sized. They can be pinnate or bipinnate. They are basal and cauline (growing on the upper part of the stem), with narrow tips. They are rosulate (forming a rosette). The blade margins can be entire, serrate or dentate. The stem internodes lack firmness.

The radially symmetrical flowers grow in a racemose many-flowered inflorescence or in corymbs. The white, pink or purple flowers are minute to medium-sized. The petals are longer than the sepals. The fertile flowers are hermaphroditic.

Some plants were reputed to have medicinal qualities (treatment of heart or stomach ailments).

The name "cardamine" is derived from the Greek kardamon, cardamom - an unrelated plant in the ginger family, used as a pungent spice in cooking.

Cardamine concatenata (Cutleaf Toothwort)
Cardamine pattersonii (Saddle Mountain bittercress)
Cardamine pratensis from Thomé: Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885
Cardamine nuttallii (Nuttall's toothwort)

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz (2001). "Cardamine gouldii (Brassicaceae), a new species from Bhutan". Novon 11 (3): 289–291. JSTOR 3393028. 
  • Taxonomic Revision of Cardamine[dead link]
  • Lihová, J. & Marhold, K. (2003). "Taxonomy and distribution of the Cardamine pratensis group (Brassicaceae) in Slovenia". Phyton (Horn) 43: 241–261. 
  • Lihová, J., Marhold, K. & Neuffer, B. (2000). "Taxonomy of Cardamine amara in the Iberian Peninsula". Taxon 49 (4): 747–763. doi:10.2307/1223975. JSTOR 1223975. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Cardamine at Wikimedia Commons