Life and career
Flesch was born in Moson (now part of Mosonmagyaróvár) in Hungary in 1873. He began playing the violin at seven years of age. At 10, he was taken to Vienna, and began to study with Jakob Grün. At 17, he left for Paris, and joined the Paris Conservatoire. He settled in Berlin, and in 1934 in London.
He was known for his solo performances in a very wide range of repertoire (from Baroque music to contemporary), gaining fame as a chamber music performer. He also taught at Bucharest 1897-1902, Amsterdam 1903-08, Philadelphia 1924-28) and the Berlin High School for Music 1929-34. He published a number of instructional books, including Die Kunst des Violin-Spiels (The Art of Violin Playing, 1923) in which he advocated the concept of the violinist as an artist, rather than merely a virtuoso. Among his pupils were Edwin Bélanger, Bronislaw Gimpel, Ivry Gitlis, Szymon Goldberg, Ida Haendel, Josef Hassid, Adolf Leschinski, Alma Moodie, Ginette Neveu, Yfrah Neaman, Ricardo Odnoposoff, Eric Rosenblith, Max Rostal, Henryk Szeryng, Henri Temianka, Roman Totenberg and Josef Wolfsthal, all of whom achieved considerable fame as both performers and pedagogues. He said that his favourite pupil was the Australian Alma Moodie, who achieved great fame in the 1920s and 1930s, but who made no recordings and is little known today. In his memoirs he said, "...there was above all Henry Temianka, who did great credit to the [Curtis] Institute: both musically and technically, he possessed a model collection of talents."
He was consulted (as was Oskar Adler) by Louis Krasner over technical difficulties in the Violin Concerto by Alban Berg, which Krasner was to premiere. Carl Flesch's Scale System is a staple of violin pedagogy.
- Kay Dreyfus, Alma Moodie and the Landscape of Giftedness, 2002
- Carl Flesch: The Memoirs of Carl Flesch (trans. Hans Keller and ed. by him in collaboration with C.F.Flesch); foreword by Max Rostal (1957)
- Carl Flesch The memoirs of Carl Flesch - 1979 "Thus both my parents stayed on in Holland. My father was, of course, not allowed to teach or play and occupied most of ... Both my parents were arrested twice but my father had been lucky enough to have in his possession a letter from ..."
- Alma Rosé: Vienna to Auschwitz Richard Newman, Karen Kirtley - 2000 "same day Alma, in despair, wrote a letter of farewell to Carl Flesch, who was still in Holland, protected since March by his status as a "blue knight"
- Special treatment: the untold story of Hitler's third race Alan E. Abrams - 1985 "They were the Hungarian-born, internationally renowned violinist and composer Carl Flesch and his wife, the Dutch-born former Berta Josephus "
- F. C. DeCoste, Bernard Schwartz The Holocaust's ghost: writings on art, politics, law, and education - 2000 p79 "... and therewith stopped his visits, only to find himself back in Gestapo custody after the Netherlands, where he had moved, was overrun. "
- Carl Flesch: The Memoirs of Carl Flesch (trans. Hans Keller and ed. by him in collaboration with C.F.Flesch); foreword by Max Rostal (1957).
- Carl Flesch: The Art Of Violin Playing, Books 1 & 2 Translated & Edited by Eric Rosenblith. New York: Carl Fischer Music © Edition ISBN 0-8258-2822-8
- Boris Schwarz: Great Masters of the Violin; foreword by Yehudi Menuhin. New York: Simon and Schuster © 1983.
- A page on Flesch by José Sánchez-Penzo
- Works by Carl Flesch at Project Gutenberg
- Carl Flesch Archive in the Netherlands Music Institute, with biography
- Free scores by Carl Flesch at the International Music Score Library Project