Carlos Herrera

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Carlos Herrera y Luna
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg
President of the Republic of Guatemala
In office
March 30, 1920 – December 10, 1921
Preceded by Manuel Estrada Cabrera
Succeeded by José María Orellana
Guatemalan Parlament Representative
In office
1899–1920
Personal details
Born Carlos Herrera Luna
1856
 Guatemala
Died 1930
Paris,  France
Political party Partido Liberal (1898-1920)
Partido Unionista (1920-1921)
Profession Sugar businessman
Religion Catholic

Carlos Herrera y Luna (1856–1930)[1] was acting President of Guatemala from March 30, 1920 to September 15, 1920 and President of Guatemala from September 16, 1920 until December 10, 1921.

Biografy[edit]

Business[edit]

Herrera Luna was a successful sugar business man, developing Pantaleon Sugar Mill in Santa Lucía Cotzumalguapa, Concepción sugar mail and El Baul sugar mill in Escuintla in the early 1900s. Pantaléon Sugar Holdings, is today one of the top 10 sugar companies in América, with mills in Central and South América.

Presidency[edit]

After Manuel Estrada Cabrera was overthrown in 1920, the Unionist Party leaders, who were mostly conservatives, dealt with the liberal leaders from the Cabrera's regime such that they could appoint the new cabinet. However, the liberal leaders outsmarted the conservatives and appoint Herrera Luna in office, in spite that he had served as a liberal representative for the whole 22 years that Estrada Cabrera's government lasted; furthermore, they also appointed several key members of the ousted government in the new administration.[2] Under these circumstances, the deals that Estrada Cabrera had set with the United Fruit Company were sure to hold. However, as an experienced business man, Herrera Luna realized that all of those concessions granted too much power to UFCO without any real benefit for Guatemala in return and did not accept them.

Education[edit]

Herrera Luna granted several benefits to the National University after its valuable contributions to the revolution against Estrada Cabrera's regime:

  • Autonomy to elect authorities
  • A house for the students to assemble and create their Student Body.

Coup[edit]

Herrera was deposed in a coup, led by José María Orellana, in December 1921 after Herrera resisted to approve the concessions granted to the United Fruit Company and its subsidiaries by his predecessor, Manuel Estrada Cabrera. He subsequently went into exile in France.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Macmillan General Reference Staff; Macmillan Publishing (1 October 1998). Latin American lives: selected biographies from the five-volume Encyclopedia of Latin American history and culture. Macmillan Library Reference USA. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Rafael Arevalo Martinez (1946). Ecce Pericles. Tipografia Nacional, Guatemala. 
Preceded by
Manuel Estrada Cabrera
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg
President of Guatemala

1920–1921
Succeeded by
José María Orellana