Catla

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For other fishes known as Indian Carp, see Indian Carp.
Catla
Catla catla.JPG
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Genus: Catla (but see text)
Valenciennes, 1844
Species: C. catla
Binomial name
Catla catla
(F. Hamilton, 1822)

Catla catla (syn. Cyprinus catla; Gibelion catla), also known as Indian carp, is the only member of the genus Catla, of the carp family Cyprinidae. It is a fish with a large protruding lower jaw. It is commonly found in rivers and lakes in northern India, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Pakistan. In India it is commonly known as the Bhakur. In Assam it is known as Bhakua or Bahu or Dhekera. It reaches a maximum length of 1.83 m (6.0 ft) and a weight of about 110 kg (240 lb).[1] catla has large, greyish scale on dorsal side and whitish on belly. feeding behaviour of catla is surface breeder as well as column feeder also. adult is zooplankton feeder but young ones feeds on both zooplankton and phtoplankton.

Taxonomy[edit]

While some sources such as FishBase and Taxonomicon consider this species to belong to the genus Catla, ITIS considers it to belong to the genus Gibelion Heckel, 1843.

Aquaculture[edit]

It is an important aquacultured freshwater species in South Asia.[2]

References[edit]