Caura River near Maripa, where a ferry crosses it (dec. 1979)
Length of the Caura River is about 723 km. Its major tributary is the Erebato. Both rivers emerge from the Jaua-Sarisariñama Plateau (more than 2000 meters above sea level). The Caura is navigable up to Para Falls (Salto Pará), an impressive waterfall formed by two branches of the river with an island in the middle 6°18′38″N64°31′25″W / 6.310521°N 64.523735°W / 6.310521; -64.523735 Both branches have some rapids and join in one of the most remarkable waterfalls in the Orinoco basin, not because of its height, but because of the impressive flow of water. The Caura is a Blackwater river, like the Caroní, the Ventuari River and the upper Orinoco. The Caura is 1,500 m wide (almost a mile wide) at Musinacio (Musiú Ignacio ), the point where it joins the Orinoco (three and a half mile wide at this point).
The Microclimate created by the Caura and Orinoco rivers
Satellite images, like aerial ones, are taken in the morning, when there are less clouds in the atmosphere.
Sunshine heats up both water in rivers and land surface. However, water needs much more time to heating up than land does and atmosphere air is not heated by solar rays because it is diathermanous. It is heat coming up from soil and river waters, which in turn heat up the atmosphere. Therefore, difference of temperature between land and rivers is at its maximum at 10 o'clock in the morning (more or less). At that time, land surface reflects heat to the atmosphere, making air to ascend and condensate, forming clouds, while water is still heating up and, thus, there is not outcoming heat to the atmosphere.
^Musiú Ignacio was a pirate along the Orinoco Basin, having his hideaway on the Caura's mouth at the Orinoco
WILLIAMS, Llewelin. Exploraciones botánicas en la Guayana venezolana. El medio y bajo Caura. Caracas: Tipografía La Nación, 1942.
CHAFFANJON, Jean. Voyage à travers les Llanos du Caura et aux Sources de l’Orénoque. Paris: 1885-87.
CHAFFANJON, Jean. L’Orénoque et le Caura. Relation de voyages exécutés en 1886 et 1887. Paris, Hachette et Cie., 1889. Edición en castellano: El Orinoco y el Caura. Caracas: Fondo Cultural Orinoco, Editorial Croquis S.R.L., 1986.