Central Province, Sri Lanka
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Location within Sri Lanka
|Admitted||14 November 1987|
|• Chief Minister||Sarath Ekanayake|
|• Total||5,674 km2 (2,191 sq mi)|
|Area rank||6th (8.63% of total area)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Rank||2nd (12.97% of total pop.)|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Gross Regional Product (2010)|
|• Total||Rs 465 billion|
|• Rank||4th (9.6% of total)|
|Time zone||Sri Lanka (UTC+05:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||LK-2|
|Official Languages||Sinhala, Tamil|
The Central Province (Sinhala: මධ්යම පළාත Madhyama Palata, Tamil: மத்திய மாகாணம் Malaiyakam Maakaanam) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. The Central Province is situated primarily in the central mountainous terrain of Sri Lanka. It is the 6th largest province by area and is home to 2.5 million people. The province is bordered by North Central Province to the North, Uva Province to the East, North Western Province to the West and Sabaragamuwa Province to the South and West. The Province's capital is Kandy.
The cities of Matale and Nuwara Eliya are also located within the Central Province. The province of famous for its production of the famous Ceylon tea, planted by the British in the 1860s after a devastating disease killed all the coffee plantations in the province. The Central Province attracts many tourists, with hill station towns such as Gampola, Hatton and Nuwara Eliya.
Though three successive European powers invaded Sri Lanka during the 16th to the 19th century, the Central Province maintained its independence until the early 19th century when the British finally managed to conqueror Kandy.
The province has an area of 5,674 km²,and a population of 2,421,148. Some major towns include Kandy (119 186), Matale (39 869), Dambulla (75 290), Gampola (26 481), Nuwara Eliya (27 449) and Hatton (16 790).
The climate is cool, and many areas about 1500 metres often have chilly nights. The western slopes are very wet, some places having almost 7000 mm of rain per year. The eastern slopes are parts of the mid-dry zone as it is receiving rain only from North-Eastern monsoon. The Temperatures range from 24°C at Kandy to just 16°C in Nuwara Eliya, which is located 1,889 m above sea level. The highest mountains in Sri Lanka are located in the Central Province. The terrain is mostly mountainous, with deep valleys cutting into it. The two main mountain regions are the central massif and the Knuckles range to the east of Kandy.
The population is a mixture of Sinhalese, Tamil and the Moors. Many tea plantation workers are Indian Tamils, brought over to Sri Lanka by the British in the 19th century.
|Sri Lankan Moor||482,945||19.92%|
|Sri Lankan Tamil||223,076||9.2%|
|Nuwara Eliya District||Nuwara Eliya||1,741||703,610|
The districts of the Sri Lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats. These were originally based on the feudal counties, the korales and ratas. They were formerly known as 'D.R.O. Divisions' after the 'Divisional Revenue Officer'. Later the D.R.O.s became 'Assistant Government Agents' and the Divisions were known as 'A.G.A. Divisions'. Currently, the Divisions are administered by a 'Divisional Secretary', and are known as a 'D.S. Divisions'.
|Rank||City||Admin. District||Pop.||Rank||City||Admin. District||Pop.|
|4||Nuwara Eliya||Nuwara Eliya||27,449||10||Kadugannawa||Kandy||1,323|
- Other cities
- :.News Line : North, East record highest GDP growth rate
- "Provinces of Sri Lanka". Statoids.
- "Provincial Councils". Government of Sri Lanka.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Central Province, Sri Lanka.|
- Central Provincial Council Sri Lanka
- Office of the Council Secretary - Central Provincial Council Sri Lanka
- Cheief Secretary's Office - Central Provincial Council Sri Lanka
- Central Provincial Postal Codes Sri Lanka
- Cities in Central province
||North Western Province||North Central Province||North Central Province|
|North Western Province
|Sabaragamuwa Province||Sabaragamuwa Province||Uva Province|