Chain Gang (song)
|Single by Sam Cooke|
|B-side||"I Fall In Love Every Day"|
|Released||July 26, 1960|
|Recorded||January 25, 1960 in RCA Studio A, New York|
|Label||RCA Victor 7783|
|Writer(s)||Sam Cooke, Charles Cook(e)|
|Producer(s)||Hugo & Luigi|
|Sam Cooke singles chronology|
"Chain Gang" is a song written and recorded by Sam Cooke. When released as a single in 1960, the song performed very well, reaching #2 in the United States pop and R&B charts, and #9 in the United Kingdom.
This was Cooke's second-biggest American hit, his first single for RCA Victor after leaving Keen Records earlier in 1959, and was also his first top 10 hit since "You Send Me" from 1957, and his second-biggest Pop single. The song was inspired after a chance meeting with an actual chain-gang of prisoners on a highway, seen while Sam was on tour. According to legend, Cooke and his brother Charles felt sorry for the men and gave them several cartons of cigarettes. Cooke was reportedly unsatisfied with the initial recording sessions of this song at RCA Studios in New York in January 1960, and came back three months later to redo some of the vocals to get the effect he wanted.
Five months later, Ty Hunter & The Voice Masters tried an Answer Song, “Free,” but it missed making the Top 100. The songwriting credits are sometimes erroneously attributed to Sol Quasha & Herb Yakus, who wrote a different song with the same title that was recorded by Bobby Scott and made the Top 20 in 1956.
Other notable artists who have recorded versions of this song include King Curtis, Ladysmith Black Mambazo, The Supremes, Otis Redding, Lou Rawls, and Bobby Tench in 1982 (Line Records LS1081), The Nylons, Brazilian soul - R&B singer and songwriter Tim Maia also recorded in "What a Wonderful World" album, in 1996. The reggae band The Congos play Chain Gang in "Back to the Black Ark" released in 2009, which also yielded a video clip featuring the musicians.
Showaddywaddy also made a cover, which appears on their album Step Two.
Jim Croce medley
|"Chain Gang Medley: Chain Gang/He Don't Love You/Searchin"|
|Single by Jim Croce|
|from the album Down the Highway|
|Format||7" 45 RPM|
|Writer(s)||Sam Cooke, Charles Cook, Jerry Butler, Curtis Mayfield, Calvin Carter, Jerry Leiber & Mike Stoller|
|Producer(s)||Terry Cashman, Tommy West|
|Jim Croce singles chronology|
Jim Croce had his last Hot 100 hit in 1976 when Lifesong Records released "Chain Gang Medley," a medley which included this song as well as "He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)" and "Searchin'." The medley reached a peak of 63 on the Billboard Hot 100 after spending 9 weeks on the chart.
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||63|
|U.S. Billboard Adult Contemporary||22|
|U.S. Cash Box Top 100||56|
|Canadian RPM Top Singles||29|
|Canadian RPM Adult Contemporary||20|
In popular media
In the Magnum P.I. episode "Operation Silent Night", T.C. sings the chorus of the song while he is repairing the helicopter.
The song appears in the video game DJ Hero 2.
The "Oo's and "Aa"'s from this song is being used by the AFC Ajax supporters during the game.