Charles Lynch (journalist)

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Charles Burchill Lynch
Born Charles Burchill Lynch
(1919-12-03)December 3, 1919
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Died July 21, 1994(1994-07-21) (aged 74)
Ottawa, Ontario
Occupation Journalist and Author
Nationality Canadian
Genres Non-fiction
Subjects Politics

Charles Burchill Lynch, OC (3 December 1919 – 21 July 1994) was a Canadian journalist and author.

Biography[edit]

Born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to Canadian parents, he moved with his family to Saint John, New Brunswick when he was two weeks old. In 1936, he started his career in journalism with the Saint John Citizen and then moved on to the Saint John Telegraph-Journal, followed by the Canadian Press in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Lynch was appointed Vancouver bureau chief of the British United Press in 1940. The following year, he was transferred to Toronto to assume the position of divisional manager.

Reuters Years[edit]

In 1943, Lynch joined Reuters News Agency as a World War II correspondent. He was one of a small handful of Canadian reporters to accompany troops ashore on D-Day.[1] Others included veteran correspondent Matthew Halton of the CBC, Ross Munro and William Stewart of the Canadian Press, Ralph Allen of the Globe and Mail and Marcel Ouimet for Radio-Canada, the CBC's French-language service.

A portrayal of Lynch as a war correspondent on Juno Beach, sending dispatches by homing pigeon, is featured in a short scene in the 1962 WWII movie The Longest Day.

Following the War, Lynch covered the first four months of the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials for Reuters.[2]

He then moved with his family to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to become Reuters' chief South American correspondent. Following this, he became the news agency's chief Canadian correspondent and, finally, New York City Editor before leaving the news service in 1956 to become the CBC's United Nations correspondent.[3]

Southam Years[edit]

Lynch moved back to Canada in 1958 to assume the role of Ottawa Bureau Chief of Southam News. Lynch thrived as a journalist in Ottawa and by 1960 he was Chief of Southam. On January 3, 1963, at a press conference in Ottawa, Lynch asked the retiring NATO Supreme Commander a question about Canada's nuclear weapons policy, that would bring the downfall of the government of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker: "Does it mean, sir, that if Canada does not accept nuclear weapons for these aeroplanes [Canada's Starfighter jets in Europe] that she is not actually fulfilling her NATO commitments?" [4] General Lauris Norstad's affirmative answer, and Prime Minister Diefenbaker's subsequent statements in response, would eventually lead to the Progressive Conservative Party losing in the April elections.

During his time with Southam, Lynch made a historic two-month trip to communist China in April and May, 1965. As a working journalist, Lynch sent home dispatches vividly describing his impressions of the country's politics and people under Chairman Mao Zedong. Lynch's uncensored dispatches appeared in Southam papers after making the voyage home by airmail. The trip is notable because it was sanctioned by the Chinese government - almost unheard of for a journalist at the time - and the fact that it chronicles life in China from a Western perspective less than a year before the start of the Cultural Revolution. Lynch's dispatches were ultimately edited and compiled into what became the journalist's first book: China, One Fourth of the World, which became a Canadian best-seller. The book is now out of print.

In his role as Southam News Chief, Lynch frequently worked with CBC television as a political expert. To watch a November 22, 1959 clip of Lynch interviewing Minister of External Affairs Howard Green about Canada's election to the UN Security Council, click here: [1]. From 1970 to 1974 - while still acting as Southam News Chief - Lynch co-hosted the CBC television program Encounter. The show was CBC's venue for questioning Canada's major political figures, including Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, former Prime Minister Lester Pearson, Alberta Premier Peter Lougheed, and former NDP leader Tommy Douglas. Lynch's co-host was CBC parliamentary reporter Ron Collister and third guest host. Lynch and Collister were replaced in 1974 by Doug Collins and Elizabeth Gray.

Awards[edit]

In 1977, Lynch was made an Officer of the Order of Canada as an acknowledgment of "the vitality, insight and integrity he has shown during his forty years of reporting the news".[5]

In 1981 he was inducted into the Canadian News Hall of Fame.

Despite the fact that Lynch had never attended university, he was awarded an honorary doctorate of laws from Mount Allison University.

Retirement[edit]

In 1984, he retired and became a freelance writer.

In 1998, the National Press Club of Canada established the Charles Lynch Award in his honour. The award is given out annually in recognition of a Canadian journalist's outstanding coverage of national issues.

Lynch was the father of Andrew Lynch, a notable publisher and journalist in the city of Victoria, British Columbia.

Selected bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CBC Archives - June 8, 1944
  2. ^ The Empire Club of Canada Speeches 1957-1958 pp. 47-59
  3. ^ Charles Burchill Lynch fonds
  4. ^ John English, The Worldly Years: Life of Lester Pearson 1949-1972 (Random House Digital, 2011); Sean M. Maloney, Learning to Love the Bomb (Potomac Books, 2007)
  5. ^ Order of Canada citation