Charles Stanley, 8th Earl of Derby

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Charles Stanley
8thEarlOfDerby.jpg
Born (1628-01-19)19 January 1628
Died 21 December 1672(1672-12-21) (aged 44)
Title Earl of Derby
Tenure 1651-1672
Nationality British
Locality Liverpool

Charles Stanley, 8th Earl of Derby (19 January 1628 – 21 December 1672), an English nobleman, was the only son of James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby and Charlotte de La Trémouille.

Life[edit]

As Lord Strange, he took little part in the English Civil War. In France at the time of his father's condemnment in 1651, he petitioned unsuccessfully for the latter's life. After succeeding to the Earldom, he lived quietly at Bidston Hall, Cheshire, emerging to support Booth's unsuccessful rising in 1659. Attainted for so doing, he was restored the following year and the family's lands in the Isle of Man were returned to him.[citation needed]

He served as mayor of Liverpool, between 1666 and 1667.[1]

Family[edit]

He married Dorothea Helena Kirkhoven (died 1674), daughter of Jehan, Lord of Heenvliet and his wife, Katherine Stanhope (later Countess of Chesterfield), in 1650. Dorothea reportedly had an extramarital tryst with King Charles II of England which resulted in a child. Their son George, born 1658, was raised by the wife of a Gunner at Windsor named Swan. George assumed the surname Swan.[2]

The brother of Swan's wife, Bartholomew Gibson, was the king's farrier in Edinburgh. It would further appear that Gibson obtained, on trust for George Swan from Charles II or his brother the Duke of York, a grant of land in New Jersey, where Gibson's son died about 1750, as would appear from a notice in the London Chronicle in 1771.[3]

George Swan (1658–1730) was recognised by King Charles II as his son. When asked why he had not ennobled him, as he had his other illegitimate children, the king replied, "I did not dare to make a deuck (Scots for 'duck') of him, but I made a nobler bird". George Swan became a burgess in Glasgow in later life.[4][5]

George Swan had, at least, two daughters, Hannah Swan (married name Robertson; 1724–1800, Edinburgh) and Elizabeth Swan (1726–1790). Elizabeth married William Mercer in 1746. Both are buried at Kinnoull, Perth, Scotland.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Former Mayors and Lord Mayors of the City of Liverpool". Liverpool City Council. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  2. ^ The Life of Mrs Robertson, Grand-Daughter of Charles 11. Written by Herself. Derby, 1792
  3. ^ Old and New Edinburgh. Cassell, by James Grant Cassell, New Jersey Colonial Records part II, vol XXI, 1890
  4. ^ The Book of the Old Edinburgh Club - XX11, Edinburgh, 1938, p. 219
  5. ^ Mercer Millions website
  6. ^ Burke's Landed Gentry of Great Britain - The Kingdom in Scotland. 19th edition, vol. I, 2001

External links[edit]

Honorary titles
English Interregnum Vice-Admiral of Cheshire
1661–1672
Vacant
Title next held by
The Earl of Derby
Vice-Admiral of Lancashire
1661–1672
Succeeded by
William Bankes[disambiguation needed]
Lord Lieutenant of Cheshire
jointly with The Lord Brereton 1662–1664
and Lancashire

1660–1672
Succeeded by
The Earl of Bridgewater
Peerage of England
Preceded by
James Stanley
Earl of Derby
1651–1672
Succeeded by
William Stanley
Head of State of the Isle of Man
Preceded by
Thomas Fairfax
Lord of Mann
1660–1672
Succeeded by
William II Stanley