Cheng Kung-class frigate
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2013)|
ROCS Cheng Kung (1101) and ROCS Chi Kuang (1105)
|Builders:||China Shipbuilding Corporation|
|Operators:||Republic of China Navy|
|Type:||Patrol Frigate, Guided Missile|
|Displacement:||4,103 long tons (4,169 t) full load|
|Length:||453 ft (138 m)|
|Beam:||46.95 ft (14.31 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 × General Electric LM2500-30 gas turbines, 41,000 shp (31 MW); 2 × Auxiliary Propulsion Units, 350 hp (.25 MW)|
|Speed:||over 29 knots (54 km/h)|
|Radar: AN/SPS-49, AN/SPS-55, Mk 92 fire control system
Mark 36 SRBOC
|Armament:||1 x Mk 13 Launcher for 40 RIM-66 Standard MR missiles
2 × triple Mark 32 torpedo tubes with Mark 46 anti-submarine torpedoes
|Aircraft carried:||2 × S-70C(M)-1/2|
The Cheng Kung class frigates are guided-missile frigates (FFG) currently in service of the Republic of China (Taiwan) Navy (ROCN). They are based upon the U.S. Oliver Hazard Perry class frigates and built by China Shipbuilding Corporation in Kaohsiung, Taiwan under license throughout the 1990s as parts of the "Kuang Hua One" patrol frigate, guided project. These frigates served as the mainstay of the ROCN's theater air defense prior to the ROCN's acquisition of Keelung (Kidd) class destroyers in 2005.
In order to control new weapon systems on the frigate, which Mk 92 can't integrate at the time, a second CDS, H930 MCS was installed in order to control the 8 HF-2 (or four HF-2 and four HF-3 on certain ships) and the two Bofors 40mm/L70 guns. But Mk 92's Harpoon mode was deleted due to US government refused to sell Harpoon to Taiwan at the time. Also deleted were some of Mk 92's ASW modes, plus refusing to sell SQR-19 Towed Array sonar system.
Originally only two lead ships were going to be built to this standard, the rest of the six ships in the class were going to be built under ACS (Advance Combat System) project with a lighter AEGIS (that later became SPY-1F), 48-64 cell Mark 41 Vertical Launch System and other systems, and a 15-meter plug-in section. Delay in design and budget changed the project to four ships in PFG-1101 configuration and last 4 ships in ACS configuration, then more delays changed to 6+2, then 7+1. By mid 1990s, ROCN decided ACS project was too risky, too long and too over budget, finally canceling it after the 7th ship was built to the PFG-1101 standard. However, enough of the long lead items were already purchased that in late 2000 ROCN decided to go ahead with the 8th ship's construction with PFG-1101 configuration—minus the two Bofors 40mm/L70 guns, after getting necessary funding.
The Cheng Kung class was initially fitted with 8 × Hsiung Feng II ship-to-ship missiles, instead of the Harpoon missiles that the Oliver Hazard Perry class use. In 2001, ROCS Cheng Kung (成功, PFG-1101) was refitted with four Hsiung Feng III missiles, replacing four of the Hsiung Feng II missiles. In 2009 ROCS Chi Kuang (繼光, PFG-1105) was seen with same configuration. All the other ships in the class will received the new missile upon their major overhaul.
Originally, all HF-2 missiles were to be removed, while 4-8 Harpoon to be carried in Mk 13 launcher's magazine (with necessary upgrade to the ship's Mk 92 CDS which had Harpoon control mode and functionality deleted when ship was built), and 8 HF-3 supersonic AShM to put in place of 8 HF-2 AShM, giving these ships total of 12-16 anti-ship missiles. But the Legislative Yuan refused to release funding for the CDS upgrade, and ROCN had to settle for just 4 HF-2 and 4 HF-3 configuration. Also all ships being installed with Link 16 datalink.
In 2014, the Republic of China Navy revealed plan to develop a naval air defense missile system derived from the land-based Sky Bow system. The Cheng Kung class frigates are speculated to be one of the potential platforms to carry the system.
The Cheng Kung-class frigates are named after historical Chinese generals who were famous for defeating foreign threats.
|Ships in class|
|Name||Laid down||Launched||Commissioned||Home port||Status|
|ROCS Cheng Kung (成功, PFG-1101)||December 21, 1990||October 5, 1991||May 7, 1993||Pescadores||Active|
|ROCS Cheng Ho (鄭和, PFG-1103)||October 29, 1991||October 15, 1992||March 28, 1994||Pescadores||Active|
|ROCS Chi Kuang (繼光, PFG-1105)||October 30, 1992||October 3, 1993||March 4, 1995||Pescadores||Active|
|ROCS Yueh Fei (岳飛, PFG-1106)||September 5, 1993||August 28, 1994||February 26, 1996||Pescadores||Active|
|ROCS Tzu I (子儀, PFG-1107)||August 7, 1994||July 13, 1995||January 9, 1997||Pescadores||Active|
|ROCS Pan Chao (班超, PFG-1108)||July 25, 1995||July 3, 1997||December 16, 1997||Pescadores||Active|
|ROCS Chang Chien (張騫, PFG-1109)||December 4, 1995||May 14, 1997||December 1, 1998||Pescadores||Active|
|ROCS Tian Dan (田單, PFG-1110)||February 22, 2001||October 17, 2002||March 11, 2004||Pescadores||Active|