Chief Caddo

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Chief Caddo
Northwestern State Demons Wordmark.jpg SFA Block Letters.gif
Northwestern State Demons Stephen F. Austin Lumberjacks

Sport(s) Football
Total meetings 49
Series record Northwestern State leads, 29–18–2
First meeting September 14, 1957
Northwestern State 20, Stephen F. Austin 7
Last meeting November 23, 2013
Northwestern State 40, Stephen F. Austin 27
Next meeting 2014
Largest win Northwestern State, 52–0 (1991)
Longest win streak Northwestern State, 7 (1976–1982)
Current win streak Northwestern State, 1 (2013–present)
Trophy Chief Caddo

Chief Caddo is the name of the statue given to the winner of the annual football game between Southland Conference members Northwestern State University (NSU) of Natchitoches, Louisiana and Stephen F. Austin State University (SFA) of Nacogdoches, Texas.

Made of solid wood, Chief Caddo is the largest trophy in college football, standing 2.3-metre (7.5 ft) and weighing in excess of 150-kilogram (330 lb).

History[edit]

The idea of the statue was created in 1960 when longtime rivals NSU and SFA decided to award the winner of the game a trophy. The two schools settled on a wooden statue (both schools are located in heavily forested areas) of a legendary Indian chief whose tribe (the Caddo) was responsible for settling the locations that became the cities in which university was located (both of which are named for branches of the tribe).[1] Under the agreement, the losing school would chop down a tree from one of its nearby forests, while the winning school would receive the log and carve the statue from it.

NSU won the 1961 game 35-19; thus, SFA delivered a 2,000-pound black gum log to NSU. Woodcarver Harold Green spent some 230 hours fashioning the statue. He was named Chief Caddo to honor the Indian tribe that not only settled the two communities, but provided safety for the early white settlers in the area.

NSU and SFA have been playing for Chief Caddo since 1961 and NSU has a 28-14-1 advantage in the trophy game.[2]

Currently Chief Caddo continues to reside at NSU after NSU won the 2013 battle 40-27 at Northwestern State.

Importance of the Caddo Tribe[edit]

Historians say had it not been for the Caddo Indians, the Spanish and French colonists who came to the area would not have survived the onslaughts of Apache and Comanche warriors from the west, and the Natchez from the east. In addition, French and Spanish writers of the time said it was certain, wise Caddo chiefs made it possible for the colonists to live as neighbors while their mother countries were at war against each other.

Nacogdoches and Natchitoches both received their names from Caddo place names. In Caddo language "Na" simply means "place of." Nacogdoches is thought to mean "the place of places." Two myths exist about how the cities got their names. Both versions of the myth agree that an Indian chief with two sons sent one east and the other west, and they traveled the same distance and established villages. As for the folklore in question:

One version, as reported by historian Samuel Stewart Mims in "Rios Sabinas", credits the chief of an Adae Indian village on the Sabine River. The village was overpopulated and the chief ordered his two grown sons to report to him precisely at sunrise. He told one son to walk east and the other to walk west until the very moment of sunset. The sons were to establish a village at the place they reached. The son who went west wound up in a grove of persimmon trees, and named his village Nacogdoches, meaning persimmon. The eastbound son reached a grove of papaw trees and named his village Natchitoches, meaning papaw.

Another version says that the chief had twin sons, Nacogdoches and Natchitoches, and could not decide who would lead the tribe following his death. The chief split the tribe between them and sent each in different directions. They traveled for three days, one eastbound and one westbound, and wound up where the cities are located today.

Game results[edit]

Northwestern State victories
Stephen F. Austin victories
Tie games
# Date Location Winner Score Series
NSU SFA
1 September 14, 1957 Shreveport, LA Northwestern State 20 7 NSU 1–0
2 September 12, 1959 Shreveport, LA Tied 14 14 NSU 1–0–1
3 September 17, 1960 Shreveport, LA Northwestern State 14 0 NSU 2–0–1
4 September 16, 1961 Shreveport, LA Northwestern State 35 19 NSU 3–0–1
5 September 15, 1962 Shreveport, LA Northwestern State 23 6 NSU 4–0–1
6 September 14, 1963 Shreveport, LA Stephen F. Austin 0 10 NSU 4–1–1
7 September 19, 1964 Shreveport, LA Northwestern State 34 14 NSU 5–1–1
8 September 18, 1971 Nacogdoches, TX Northwestern State 18 7 NSU 6–1–1
9 September 16, 1972 Natchitoches, LA Northwestern State 20 7 NSU 7–1–1
10 September 21, 1974 Natchitoches, LA Stephen F. Austin 13 14 NSU 7–2–1
11 September 20, 1975 Nacogdoches, TX Stephen F. Austin 13 17 NSU 7–3–1
12 September 18, 1976 Natchitoches, LA Northwestern State 47 0 NSU 8–3–1
13 September 24, 1977 Nacogdoches, TX Northwestern State 20 6 NSU 9–3–1
14 September 16, 1978 Nacogdoches, TX Northwestern State 21 14 NSU 10–3–1
15 September 15, 1979 Natchitoches, LA Northwestern State 27 21 NSU 11–3–1
16 September 20, 1980 Nacogdoches, TX Northwestern State 22 3 NSU 12–3–1
17 September 19, 1981 Natchitoches, LA Northwestern State 42 13 NSU 13–3–1
18 September 18, 1982 Nacogdoches, TX Northwestern State 28 14 NSU 14–3–1
19 October 1, 1983 Natchitoches, LA Stephen F. Austin 25 27 NSU 14–4–1
20 November 17, 1984 Nacogdoches, TX Stephen F. Austin 18 22 NSU 14–5–1
21 November 23, 1985 Natchitoches, LA Stephen F. Austin 10 19 NSU 14–6–1
22 November 22, 1986 Nacogdoches, TX Stephen F. Austin 14 28 NSU 14–7–1
23 November 21, 1987 Natchitoches, LA Northwestern State 33 21 NSU 15–7–1
24 November 19, 1988 Nacogdoches, TX Northwestern State 20 17 NSU 16–7–1
25 September 18, 1989 Natchitoches, LA Tied 17 17 NSU 16–7–2
26 November 17, 1990 Natchitoches, LA Northwestern State 20 3 NSU 17–7–2
27 November 23, 1991 Natchitoches, LA Northwestern State 52 0 NSU 18–7–2
28 November 21, 1992 Nacogdoches, TX Northwestern State 24 10 NSU 19–7–2
29 November 20, 1993 Natchitoches, LA Stephen F. Austin 20 51 NSU 19–8–2
30 November 19, 1994 Nacogdoches, TX Stephen F. Austin 13 34 NSU 19–9–2
31 November 16, 1995 Natchitoches, LA Stephen F. Austin 20 25 NSU 19–10–2
32 November 23, 1996 Nacogdoches, TX Northwestern State 17 10 NSU 20–10–2
33 November 20, 1997 Natchitoches, LA Northwestern State 38 24 NSU 21–10–2
34 November 21, 1998 Nacogdoches, TX Northwestern State 35 21 NSU 22–10–2
35 November 20, 1999 Natchitoches, LA Stephen F. Austin 14 29 NSU 22–11–2
36 November 18, 2000 Nacogdoches, TX Stephen F. Austin 3 17 NSU 22–12–2
37 November 17, 2001 Natchitoches, LA Northwestern State 31 17 NSU 23–12–2
38 November 23, 2002 Nacogdoches, TX Northwestern State 42 35 NSU 24–12–2
39 November 22, 2003 Natchitoches, LA Stephen F. Austin 14 44 NSU 24–13–2
40 November 20, 2004 Nacogdoches, TX Northwestern State 37 16 NSU 25–13–2
41 November 17, 2005 Natchitoches, LA Northwestern State 41 21 NSU 26–13–2
42 November 16, 2006 Nacogdoches, TX Stephen F. Austin 11 20 NSU 26–14–2
43 November 17, 2007 Natchitoches, LA Northwestern State 31 12 NSU 27–14–2
44 November 22, 2008 Nacogdoches, TX Northwestern State 34 24 NSU 28–14–2
45 November 21, 2009 Natchitoches, LA Stephen F. Austin 10 19 NSU 28–15–2
46 November 20, 2010 Nacogdoches, TX Stephen F. Austin 13 36 NSU 28–16–2
47 November 19, 2011 Natchitoches, LA Stephen F. Austin 0 33 NSU 28–17–2
48 November 17, 2012 Nacogdoches, TX Stephen F. Austin 17 34 NSU 28–18–2
49 November 23, 2013 Natchitoches, LA Northwestern State 40 27 NSU 29–18–2
Totals 1125 889 NSU 29–18–2

[3]

References[edit]