A photo of the Chisos mountain range from the desert to the east, 22 February 2002.
|Elevation||7,825 ft (2,385 m)|
The Chisos Mountains are a mountain range located in the Big Bend area of West Texas, United States. The mountain range is contained entirely within the boundaries of Big Bend National Park. This is the only mountain range in the United States to be fully contained within the boundary of a national park. It is also the southernmost mountain range in the United States.
Location and access
The Chisos Mountains are located in Big Bend National Park. The range of mountains extends twenty miles from Punta de la Sierra in the southwest to Panther Junction in the northeast. There are two routes to access the Chisos Basin Visitor Center, campground, general store, and the Chisos Mountain Lodge. (1)Take US HWY 385 S to Panther Junction turn right on Texas State Rt. 118; travel on TX SR 118 for about 3 mi (4.8 km) then turn left on Green Gulch. (2) Take Texas State Rt 118 S to Green Gulch and turn right. An extensive trail system and permit required backcountry campsites are maintained by Big Bend National Park for its visitors. Some trails and campsites are closed from January through April to protect nesting sites of indigenous bird species.
The Chisos mountain area and basin contain most conveniences for the park. Other park service areas are minimal. The mountain area is partly forested (recovering from logging and overgrazing prior to the area's inclusion in the National Park System in the 1930s), and the surrounding area is beautiful Chihuahuan Desert. Nearest towns of consequence are Fort Stockton, 135 miles north, Alpine, 105 mi (169 km) northwest and Presidio, about 100 mi (160 km) west. Two Mexican towns (Boquillas and Santa Elena) border the park; and cross-border access was reopened in 2011.
Sunset from the South Rim in Big Bend National Park.
There are many explanations circulating about the origin of the place name. One is that it derives from the Castillion word 'hechizo' and means enchantment. Another is that it comes from the Athabaskan term 'tic thos' for double edged scrapers and invokes both the sharp rounded shape of the mountains and the abundance of flint.
- Emory Peak 7,825 ft (2,385 m)
- Lost Mine Peak 7,535 ft (2,297 m)
- Toll Mountain 7,415 ft (2,260 m)
- Casa Grande Peak 7,325 ft (2,233 m)
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