2-hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethylethanaminium chloride OR (2-hydroxyethyl)trimethylammonium chloride
|Molar mass||139.62 g·mol−1|
|Appearance||White or deliquescent crystals|
|Melting point||302 °C (576 °F; 575 K) (decomposes)|
|very soluble (>650 g/l)|
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
|what is: / ?)(|
Choline chloride is mass-produced and is an important additive in feed especially for chickens where it accelerates growth. With urea it forms a deep eutectic solvent. Other commercial choline salts are choline hydroxide and choline bitartrate. In foodstuffs the compound is often present as phosphatidylcholine. It is also used as an additive in fluids used for hydraulic fracturing.
- "Chemical Safety Information from Intergovernmental Organizations - Choline Chloride" (PDF).
- Davy Process Technology
- "Choline chloride" (PDF). Screening Information Data Set (SIDS) for High Production Volume Chemicals. IPCS INCHEM.
- "What Chemicals Are Used". FracFocus. Retrieved 19 September 2014.