Planoise is a new urban zone created at the end of the 1960s because of the high demography of the city (Besançon). Before the buildings, there were a lot of farms and some monuments. This hamlet was transformed into a real little town within a decade.
Île-de-France and Cassin sector from the hill of Planoise (in 2009)
In August 1336, the duke of Burgundy want to take the city of Besançon after disagreements with the clergy of Franche-Comté. The duke send 9000 riders who posted in the area of Saint-Ferjeux, near Planoise. After many months of defense of the inhabitants of Besançon in the site of Malcombe, the duke abandons the city and grant a truce at Besançon. Many inhabitants of Besançon died during this post, resistant at the riders of the duke. It's because the site was called "combe du malheur" (French for combe of misfortune) and after "Malcombe".
In the beginning of the 16th century, the Époisses farm (called also Chambelland farm) is build ; it was the oldest building of the sector. This farm behoved at the doctor Chavelet.
The name "Planoise" appear for the first time: this toponym designate a wood of platanus. In this time, Planoise was a great forest, and few many inhabitants lived in this sector. The agriculture were the essential activities of the area.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the hamlet experienced a great development : constructions of a lot of farms, construction of a roads connecting Planoise to Besançon : the hamlet is becoming a true village, with 100 to 200 inhabitants.
Construction in 1812 of the laundry of Planoise, located in Cassin sector.
14 January 1815, the lord of Liechtenstein want taken Besançon, and his soldiers his posted in the area of Saint-Ferjeux. Marulaz, general of the army of Besançon tried to established a veritable army for resisted at the lord of Liechtenstein. The nearest refueling place is located in the village of Avanne-Aveney, and the general Marulaz musted to went in this township for win. The soldiers of the lord blocked the passage and occupied the place of Planoise. On 20 April 1815, after many months the lord of Liechtenstein abandoned Besançon.
Middle and end of the 19th century :
In 1850, a great road is built connect the place at the city of Besançon. Called "route royale de Moulins à Bâle" (road of Moulins to Bâle), this voice is the future Dole street.
In 1877, construction of the Fort of Planoise in the summit of the hill of Planoise.
In 1939, just before World War I the school of Châteaufarine is built. It is located near Dole street, between Île-de-France sector and Châteaufarine
During World War II, some farms were destroyed by a military maneuver. One American soldier was killed, and an infirmary was installed provisionally in a farm by the German soldiers, and was taken by the Americans later.
After the World War II, a lot of buildings and infrastructures were destroyed in Besançon, and the demographic boom took place in this time. The municipality must taken a decision: the construction of a new urban zone, Planoise
Buildings of Île-de-France sector
Other building of Île-de-France
Date of construction
Flandres-Dunkerque street - Champagne street- Reims street
SAIEMB et OMHLM
Jean Moulin place - Bourgogne avenue - Dijon street
SAIEMB et OMHLM
Brabant street - Malines street - Bruxelles street - Île-de-France avenue
SCI et ODHLM
Cologne street - Fribourg street
Fribourg street - Cologne street
Picardie street - Artois street
Brabant street - Savoie street - Ile-de-France avenue
ODHLM et CRL
Savoie street - Piémont street
OMHLM et ODHLM
Bourgogne avenue - Languedoc street
Cologne street - Île-de-France avenue - Causses street - Piémont street
1955, the project of the new urban zone of Planoise begins, requiring that occupants leave his fields. The inhabitants of the place, essenciel a farmers dissatisfied, manifested and blocked the principals voices.
1960, decision is taken: the new urban zone will be in Planoise. The city of Besançon bought the fields of Planoise for 7,160,886 Francs (1,091,670 Euros).
1962, all old buildings are destroyed or integrated at the new buildings.
1963, 24 July, the newspaper "le comtois" publishes an article about Planoise.
1965, 24 January, firsts real constructions of buildings.