||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
View of Moulins: Moulins Cathedral (left) and Église du Sacré-Cœur (middle)
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Pierre-André Périssol|
|• Land1||8.61 km2 (3.32 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||03190 / 03000|
|Elevation||202–240 m (663–787 ft)
(avg. 220 m or 720 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Moulins is located on the banks of the Allier River.
Before the French Revolution, Moulins was the capital of the province of Bourbonnais and the seat of the Dukes of Bourbon. Its documented existence may be traced back at least as far as the year 990. In 1232, Archambaud VIII, Sire de Bourbon, granted a franchise to the village's inhabitants.
The town achieved greater prominence in 1327, when Charles IV elevated Louis I de Clermont to Duke of Bourbon. Either Louis or the later Peter II, Duke of Bourbon and of Auvergne moved the capital of the province from Bourbon-l'Archambault to Moulins.
- Note: This article in French suggests Pierre II moved the capital, while the local tourism website (also in French) suggests it was Louis I.
In February 1566 it became eponymous to the Edict of Moulins, an important royal ordinance dealing with many aspects of the administration of justice and feudal and ecclesiastical privilege, including limitations on the appanages held by French princes, abrogation of the levy of rights of tallage claimed by seigneurs over their dependents, and provisions for a system of concessions on rivers.
Coco Chanel went to school in Moulins as an orphan, before embarking on her future career as a fashion designer and major innovator in women's clothing. It was the birthplace of the great 19th-century operatic baritone and art collector Jean-Baptiste Faure.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Moulins is twinned with:
Moulins-sur-Allier station, in the centre of the town, has direct trains to Paris-Gare de Lyon, which take about 2 hours 25 minutes.
Montbeugny Airport is a small airport located near Moulins.
- Centre National du Costume de Scene (museum)
- Coco Chanel, fashion designer, started as a cabaret singer here
- Philippe N'Dioro, footballer
- Stéphane Risacher, basketball player with the French national team, born in Moulins
- Jean-Baptiste Faure, opera singer, born in Moulins
- Claude Louis Hector de Villars, Marshal General of France, lived 1653–1734, born in Moulins
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