Moulins, Allier

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Moulins
View of Moulins: Moulins Cathedral (left) and Église du Sacré-Cœur (middle)
View of Moulins: Moulins Cathedral (left) and Église du Sacré-Cœur (middle)
Coat of arms of Moulins
Coat of arms
Moulins is located in France
Moulins
Moulins
Coordinates: 46°33′55″N 3°20′00″E / 46.5653°N 3.3333°E / 46.5653; 3.3333Coordinates: 46°33′55″N 3°20′00″E / 46.5653°N 3.3333°E / 46.5653; 3.3333
Country France
Region Auvergne
Department Allier
Arrondissement Moulins
Intercommunality Moulins
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Pierre-André Périssol
Area
 • Land1 8.61 km2 (3.32 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 19,760
 • Population2 density 2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 03190 / 03000
Elevation 202–240 m (663–787 ft)
(avg. 220 m or 720 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Moulins (French: [mu.lɛ̃]) is a commune in central France, capital of the Allier department.

Among its many tourist attractions are the Maison Mantin, the Anne de Beaujeu Museum, The National Center of Costume and Scenography.

Geography[edit]

Moulins is located on the banks of the Allier River.

History[edit]

Before the French Revolution, Moulins was the capital of the province of Bourbonnais and the seat of the Dukes of Bourbon. Its documented existence may be traced back at least as far as the year 990. In 1232, Archambaud VIII, Sire de Bourbon, granted a franchise to the village's inhabitants.

The town achieved greater prominence in 1327, when Charles IV elevated Louis I de Clermont to Duke of Bourbon. Either Louis or the later Peter II, Duke of Bourbon and of Auvergne moved the capital of the province from Bourbon-l'Archambault to Moulins.

Note: This article in French suggests Pierre II moved the capital, while the local tourism website (also in French) suggests it was Louis I.

In February 1566 it became eponymous to the Edict of Moulins, an important royal ordinance dealing with many aspects of the administration of justice and feudal and ecclesiastical privilege, including limitations on the appanages held by French princes, abrogation of the levy of rights of tallage claimed by seigneurs over their dependents, and provisions for a system of concessions on rivers.

Coco Chanel went to school in Moulins as an orphan, before embarking on her future career as a fashion designer and major innovator in women's clothing. It was the birthplace of the great 19th-century operatic baritone and art collector Jean-Baptiste Faure.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Moulins is twinned with:

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 13,249 —    
1800 13,509 +2.0%
1806 14,101 +4.4%
1821 13,697 −2.9%
1831 14,672 +7.1%
1836 15,231 +3.8%
1841 15,377 +1.0%
1846 17,110 +11.3%
1851 17,318 +1.2%
1856 18,069 +4.3%
1861 17,581 −2.7%
1866 19,890 +13.1%
1872 20,385 +2.5%
1876 21,774 +6.8%
1881 21,156 −2.8%
1886 21,721 +2.7%
1891 22,665 +4.3%
1896 22,215 −2.0%
1901 22,340 +0.6%
1906 21,888 −2.0%
1911 21,990 +0.5%
1921 22,968 +4.4%
1926 23,306 +1.5%
1931 22,225 −4.6%
1936 22,369 +0.6%
1946 23,254 +4.0%
1954 24,441 +5.1%
1962 23,909 −2.2%
1968 25,979 +8.7%
1975 26,067 +0.3%
1982 25,159 −3.5%
1990 22,799 −9.4%
1999 21,892 −4.0%
2008 19,760 −9.7%

Transport[edit]

Moulins-sur-Allier station, in the centre of the town, has direct trains to Paris-Gare de Lyon, which take about 2 hours 25 minutes.

Montbeugny Airport is a small airport located near Moulins.

Museums[edit]

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]