|Roman Catholic Church|
Saint Chrysolius (French: Chrysole, Chryseuil) the Armenian is the patron saint of Komen, in Belgium; his relics were venerated in the basilica of St Donatian, Bruges. According to tradition, he was a native of Armenia who fled to Rome during the persecution of Christians by Diocletian, was received by Pope Marcellus I and sent to northeast Gaul, where he evangelized at Verlengehem. According to his legend, he then became a spiritual student of Saint Denis and was sent with Saint Piatus to evangelize the area of Cambrai and Tournai. Chrysolius then became a bishop and was subsequently stopped by Roman soldiers and condemned to be decapitated; the top of his skull was sliced off. According to his legend, the piece of his skull broke into three smaller pieces, and where each piece fell, a miraculous spring gushed out. Chrysolius, after recovering the top of his cranium, walked to Komen and died there, after crossing the ford at the Deule River that now bears his name.
The waters of the springs where pieces of his head are said to have fallen were believed to cure ailments of the throat and eyes.
- William Smith and Henry Wace, A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines, 1877, vol. I s.v. "Chrysolius"
- St. Chrysolius.
- ; Smith and Wace.
- Casteleyn, Maryse. (February 9, 2008). "Saint Chrysole a donné son nom à plus d'un lieu à Wambrechies". La Voix du Nord. Retrieved September 22, 2008.
- According to André du Saussay, Martyrologium gallicanum (Paris 1637), noted in Smith and Wace. The historical bishoprics of this region date to the sixth century.