Ciudad de la Costa
|Ciudad de la Costa|
|• Municipality||51.25 km2 (19.79 sq mi)|
|• Urban||57 km2 (22 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,194/km2 (5,680/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC -3|
|Postal codes||15000 - 15008|
|Dial plan||+598 2 (+7 digits)|
Ciudad de la Costa is a city in Canelones Department of Uruguay, on the banks of the Río de la Plata between the streams Arroyo Carrasco and Arroyo Pando. It is considered an extension of the metropolitan area of Montevideo which it borders to the west, while to the east it borders Costa de Oro. It was declared a city on 19 October 1994 and given its current name. As of the 2011 census, it is the third most populated city of Uruguay.
The area, characterized by a sandy beach 16 km long, was known as "Rincón de Carrasco" during the 19th century. It was populated gradually during the 20th century, forming a series of resorts starting from Barra de Carrasco in the west, up to El Pinar in the east. The various resorts became characterized by a high floating population that inhabited the area only in summer or on weekends, while most of the permanent population worked in Montevideo.
The abundance of sandy soils made possible the existence of multiple sand pits, which gave rise to the various lakes that characterize the area. Some lakes are used for bathing and water sports, while others are not suitable for these applications and, instead, act as a refuge for many species of birds and animals.
Since the 1980s there was an explosive growth of population due to an expansive process of Montevideo. According to the census of 1996, its population reached 66,402 inhabitants, 92.6% more than in 1985. The various resorts began to merge to form a unit that actually led to its declaration as a city. The growth in subsequent years has continued at a slower pace. According to the census of 2004, the population was of 83,888 inhabitants (28.8% more than in 1996). The coastal city is the largest satellite town of the metropolitan area and the third largest city in Uruguay.
In 2010, the Intendencia de Canelones recorded a population of 79,412 for the municipality during the elections.
The census 2011 results show a total population of 95,176 inhabitants. This number reflects the total sum of the barrios that belong to the municipality. The Instituto Nacional de Estadística, however, has posted some more areas, outside the municipality, as parts of Ciudad de la Costa, a detailed count of which is given in a separate table below. Were these areas to be counted in, the population would rise to 112,447, making it thus the second largest city of Uruguay. There are no other official sources supporting this count, however, leaving Salto as the second in population city.
The population growth has not been accompanied by an adequate development of infrastructure services, so that much of the city lacks public sanitation and many roads are often impassable during rainy periods. Despite these difficulties, the Ciudad de la Costa is now a commercial and tourist centre of importance in the country. The Carrasco International Airport is located north of the city, and Autodromo Victor Borrat Fabini to the east.
Coastal resorts of Ciudad de la Costa (municipality)
|Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay
The area of Lomas de Solymar also contains Parque de Solymar, Montes de Solymar and Médanos de Solymar. Postal code 15007 has been assigned to "Médanos de Solymar".
Other entities part of Ciudad de la Costa (city)
The 2011 census results mention the following non-coastal censual areas as parts of Ciudad de la Costa. These areas do not belong to the municipality of Ciudad de la Costa. See section Population above.
|Paso de Carrasco||15,908|
|Lomas de Carrasco||806|
|Altos de la Tahona||168|
|Haras de Lago||68|
|Quintas del Bosque||57|
- "LEY N° 16.610". República Oriental del Uruguay, Poder Legislativo. 1994. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- "INE Censo Fase I - 2004 (see p. 36 of 63)" (PDF). INE. 2004. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- "ELECCIONES - Canelones". El Observador. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- "Censos 2011 Cuadros Canelones". INE. 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- "Censos 2011 Canelones (consult for areas of population under 1,000)". INE. 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- "Censos 2011 Cuadros Canelones (click on "Zona 3")". INE. 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- INE maps of Ciudad de la Costa resorts: Barra de Carrasco, Parque Carrasco, Shangrilá, San José de Carrasco, Lagomar, El Bosque, Solymar, Colinas de Solymar, Lomas de Solymar. El Pinae