Clark L. Ruffner

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Clark L. Ruffner
Clark L Ruffner.jpg
General Clark Louis Ruffner
Born January 12, 1903
Buffalo, New York
Died July 26, 1982(1982-07-26) (aged 79)
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Years of service 1924-1962
Rank US-O10 insignia.svg General
Commands held Third Army
U.S. Army, Pacific
2nd Armored Division
2nd Infantry Division
Battles/wars World War II
Korean War
Awards Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star
Air Medal

General Clark Louis Ruffner (September 12, 1903 – July 26, 1982) was a senior officer in the United States Army who served in World War II as well as the Korean War.

Biography[edit]

Ruffner was born January 12, 1903, in Buffalo, New York, and graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1924. Most of his early career was spent in various cavalry units until his appointment as Assistant Professor of Military Science and Tactics at Norwich University in Vermont from 1937 to 1940.

During World War II, Ruffner first served as Assistant Chief of Staff and then Deputy Chief of Staff for VII Corps from 1942-43. He then went on to become Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for the Hawaiian Department in 1943. From there, Ruffner became Deputy Chief of Staff, Central Pacific Area, from 1943–44, and Chief of Staff for the U.S. Army, Pacific from 1944 until after the end of the war.

At the outbreak of the Korean War, Ruffner was Chief of Staff, X Corps, but soon took command of the 2nd Infantry Division in 1951 from where he was a key commander in the conflict. Ruffner's unit occupied the center of the UN line during the Battle of the Soyang River during the Chinese spring offensive. After his command, Ruffner spent the remainder of the war in Washington working on International Security Affairs in the office of the Defense Secretary.

In 1954, Ruffner moved back into the Pacific theater where he successively served as Deputy Commanding General and Commanding General for the U.S. Army, Pacific. From there he became Commanding General, 2nd Armored Division, from 1954–56, and after a tour in Germany, Commanding General of the Third United States Army from 1958-60. During this period, he received promotions to lieutenant general and general. General Ruffner concluded his career as U.S. Representative to NATO, and retired in 1962. He died on July 26, 1982.

Awards and decorations[edit]

Ruffner's awards include the Silver Star, the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star, the World War II Victory Medal, the Korean Service Medal, and the United Nations Service Medal.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "[1]".

Military offices
Preceded by
Robert B. McClure
Commanding General of the 2nd Infantry Division
January 1951 – August 1951
Succeeded by
Thomas F. Deshazo
Preceded by
Leander L. Doan
Commanding General of the 2nd Armoured Division
January 1955 – April 1956
Succeeded by
Conrad S. Babcock, Jr.
Preceded by
Thomas F. Hickey
Commanding General of the Third United States Army
1958 – 1960
Succeeded by
Robert F. Sink