Clarkston, Washington

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Clarkston, Washington
City
View of Lewiston and Clarkston from the north
View of Lewiston and Clarkston from the north
Location of Clarkston, Washington
Location of Clarkston, Washington
Coordinates: 46°24′49″N 117°2′55″W / 46.41361°N 117.04861°W / 46.41361; -117.04861Coordinates: 46°24′49″N 117°2′55″W / 46.41361°N 117.04861°W / 46.41361; -117.04861
Country United States
State Washington
County Asotin
Area[1]
 • Total 2.09 sq mi (5.41 km2)
 • Land 2.01 sq mi (5.21 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation 807 ft (246 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 7,229
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 7,355
 • Density 3,596.5/sq mi (1,388.6/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 99403
Area code 509
FIPS code 53-12630
GNIS feature ID 1512093[4]
Website www.clarkston-wa.com

Clarkston is a city in Asotin County in the southeastern part of the State of Washington. It is part of the Lewiston ID-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 7,229 in 2010 census.[5]

Walla Walla Community College opened a Branch Campus in Clarkston that serves the surrounding area, Lewiston, Idaho. It is still a major draw for the surrounding area.

With a ZIP code of 99403, Clarkston has the highest zip code of any area in the contiguous United States.

History[edit]

Clarkston was first settled in 1862 by Robert Bracken.[6] It was officially incorporated on August 14, 1902. Before becoming an official town, the area was called Jawbone Flats. The name Clarkston is a reference to William Clark, of Lewis and Clark fame.[7] Lewiston, across the Idaho state line from Clarkston, is named for Meriwether Lewis, and is the larger and older of the two cities (ironically Lewis and Clark never even set foot on the Clarkston side of the river).

Geography[edit]

Clarkston is in the Lewis-Clark Valley, at the confluence of the Snake and Clearwater rivers.

Clarkston is located at 46°24′49″N 117°2′55″W / 46.41361°N 117.04861°W / 46.41361; -117.04861 (46.413545, -117.048742).[8] Immediately across the Snake River from Clarkston is the town of Lewiston, Idaho.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.09 square miles (5.41 km2), of which 2.01 square miles (5.21 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Clarkston has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,257
1920 1,859 47.9%
1930 2,870 54.4%
1940 3,116 8.6%
1950 5,617 80.3%
1960 6,209 10.5%
1970 6,312 1.7%
1980 6,903 9.4%
1990 6,753 −2.2%
2000 7,337 8.6%
2010 7,229 −1.5%
Est. 2013 7,355 1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2013 Estimate[11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 7,229 people, 3,226 households, and 1,744 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,596.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,388.6 /km2). There were 3,411 housing units at an average density of 1,697.0 per square mile (655.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.1% White, 0.7% African American, 2.1% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.0% of the population.

There were 3,226 households of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.1% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.9% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the city was 37.7 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.1% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 16.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,337 people, 3,120 households, and 1,790 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,805.4 people per square mile (1,467.8/km²). There were 3,414 housing units at an average density of 1,770.7 per square mile (683.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.43% White, 0.34% African American, 1.61% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 2.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.56% of the population.

There were 3,120 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.6% were non-families. 35.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 25.7% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,907, and the median income for a family was $32,093. Males had a median income of $31,434 versus $20,654 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,673. About 15.5% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.6% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Port[edit]

The Port Of Clarkston is home to one of the largest cranes on a navigable waterway east of Portland. Agriculture is a major industry in the area and the port handles a lot of barge traffic carrying grains. The paper company Clearwater Paper Corporation transports wood chips and sawdust via barges for use at a Lewiston manufacturing plant. Due to its inland location on the Snake River, the port handles goods headed out to Portland-Vancouver, and inland to distributors upstream.

The port's marina has accommodations for personal boats and yachts, many of which travel through the nearby Hells Canyon.

References[edit]

External links[edit]