Claudia Antonia

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Claudia Antonia
Claudia Antonia Domus Romana Mdina.jpg
Statue from the Domvs Romana in Mdina, Malta
Spouse Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus
Faustus Cornelius Sulla Felix
Issue son
House Julio-Claudian Dynasty
Father Claudius
Mother Aelia Paetina
Born AD 30
Died AD 66
Roman imperial dynasties
Julio-Claudian dynasty
Chronology
Augustus 27 BC14 AD
Tiberius 1437 AD
Caligula 3741 AD
Claudius 4154 AD
Nero 5468 AD
Family
Gens Julia
Gens Claudia
Julio-Claudian family tree
Category:Julio-Claudian dynasty
Succession
Preceded by
Roman Republic
Followed by
Year of the Four Emperors

Claudia Antonia (Classical Latin: ANTONIA•CLAUDII•CAESARIS•FILIA[1]) (c. AD 30–AD 66) was the daughter of the Roman Emperor Claudius and his second wife Aelia Paetina. Antonia was a great great-niece of the Emperor Augustus, great-niece of the Emperor Tiberius, first cousin of the Emperor Caligula, half-sister to Claudia Octavia and Britannicus, cousin, stepsister and sister-in-law of the Emperor Nero.

Until 37, she was raised by her paternal grandmother Antonia Minor (who died that year). From then until 43, she was raised by her father. In 43, she first married Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, a descendant of Pompeia (daughter of Pompey the Great). His parents were consul Marcus Licinius Crassus Frugi and Scribonia. According to Suetonius he died several years later, because he was stabbed to death while in bed with a favorite boyfriend. Cassius Dio states that the Empress Valeria Messalina, out of fear of Pompeius being a rival to Britannicus, ordered his execution, so that Antonia could marry Messalina's half-brother Faustus Cornelius Sulla Felix.

Faustus Sulla and Antonia married in 47. They had a son who was of little strength, and died before his second birthday. In 58, Faustus Sulla was exiled, and murdered in 62 on the orders of the Emperor Nero. In 65, Tacitus records the rumour that Gaius Calpurnius Piso intended to marry Antonia, as an element of his conspiracy against Nero.

After the death of the Empress Poppaea Sabina, Nero's second wife, Nero asked Antonia to marry him. When Antonia refused, Nero had her charged with an attempt of rebellion and executed her. With her death, passed the last living grandchild of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor.

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ E. Groag, A. Stein, L. Petersen - e.a. (edd), Prosopographia Imperii Romani saeculi I, II et III, Berlin, 1933 - A 886

References[edit]

Biography[edit]

  • E. Groag, A. Stein, L. Petersen - e.a. (edd.), Prosopographia Imperii Romani saeculi I, II et III, Berlin, 1933 - . (PIR2)
  • Levick, Barbara, Claudius, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1990.
  • Barrett, Anthony A., Agrippina: Sex, Power and Politics in the Early Roman Empire, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1996.
  • Griffin, Miriam, Nero. The End of a Dynasty, Batsford, London, 1984

In Literature[edit]

  • Antonia briefly appears in Robert Graves' novel Claudius the God, in the story she reveals that her first marriage with Gnaeus Pompey was never properly consummated in the two years they lived together, instead he forced her to take part in unnatural sexual practices. Claudius, outraged by this mistreatment of his daughter, orders Pompey's death (the only moment that he orders death for personal grievances). Antonia is surprised by this act as she thought her father cared more for his children with Messalina. Antonia and Pompey are omitted entirely in the 1976 television adaptation.

Portraiture[edit]

  • Poulsen, Vagn, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek. Les portraits romains I: République et dynastie julienne, Copenhagen, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, 1962, 111 Nr. 74 Taf. 128 ff.
  • Boschung, Dietrich, Überlegungen zum Liciniergrab, JdI 101, 1986, pp. 257–287.

External links[edit]