Clavariaceae

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Clavariaceae
Clavulinopsis corallinorosacea.jpg
Clavulinopsis corallinorosacea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Clavariaceae
Chevall. (1826)
Type species
Clavaria
Vaill. ex L. (1753)
Genera

Clavaria
Clavulinopsis
Hirticlavula
Hyphodontiella
Mucronella
Ramariopsis
Scytinopogon
Setigeroclavula

The Clavariaceae are a family of fungi in the order Agaricales. A 2008 estimate placed 7 genera and 120 species in the family;[1] Hirticlavula was added to the family in 2014.[2] Collectively, they are commonly known as coral fungi due to their resemblance to aquatic coral, although other vernacular names including antler fungi, finger fungi, worm mold, and spaghetti mushroom are sometimes used for similar reasons.

Initially all classified in the genus Clavaria, they were later split out into many genera including Clavicorona, Clavulina, Clavulinopsis, Macrotyphula, Ramaria and Ramariopsis.

Some superficially similar species are not so closely related; the fairy club genus Clavariadelphus, Ramaria and Clavulina belong to the family Gomphaceae, Lentaria belongs in the Thelephorales order, while the genus Calocera is an entirely different organism of the class Dacrymycetes.

Coral fungi can be similar in appearance to jelly fungi. They are often brightly colored, mostly oranges, yellows, or reds, and usually grow in older mature forests. Some coral fungi are saprotrophic on decaying wood, while others are commensal or even parasitic.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 149. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  2. ^ Petersen JH, Davey ML, Læssøe T. (2014). "Hirticlavula elegans, a new clavarioid fungus from Scandinavia" (PDF). Karstenia 54 (1): 1–8.