Vaill. ex L. (1753)
The Clavariaceae are a family of fungi in the order Agaricales. A 2008 estimate placed 7 genera and 120 species in the family; Hirticlavula was added to the family in 2014. Collectively, they are commonly known as coral fungi due to their resemblance to aquatic coral, although other vernacular names including antler fungi, finger fungi, worm mold, and spaghetti mushroom are sometimes used for similar reasons.
Some superficially similar species are not so closely related; the fairy club genus Clavariadelphus, Ramaria and Clavulina belong to the family Gomphaceae, Lentaria belongs in the Thelephorales order, while the genus Calocera is an entirely different organism of the class Dacrymycetes.
Coral fungi can be similar in appearance to jelly fungi. They are often brightly colored, mostly oranges, yellows, or reds, and usually grow in older mature forests. Some coral fungi are saprotrophic on decaying wood, while others are commensal or even parasitic.
- Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 149. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.
- Petersen JH, Davey ML, Læssøe T. (2014). "Hirticlavula elegans, a new clavarioid fungus from Scandinavia" (PDF). Karstenia 54 (1): 1–8.
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