Clermont, Capitale-Nationale, Quebec

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Clermont
City
Ville de Clermont.JPG
Coat of arms of Clermont
Coat of arms
Location within Charlevoix-Est RCM.
Location within Charlevoix-Est RCM.
Clermont is located in Central Quebec
Clermont
Clermont
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 47°41′N 70°14′W / 47.683°N 70.233°W / 47.683; -70.233Coordinates: 47°41′N 70°14′W / 47.683°N 70.233°W / 47.683; -70.233[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Capitale-Nationale
RCM Charlevoix-Est
Settled 1800
Constituted February 16, 1935
Government[2]
 • Mayor Jean-Pierre Gagnon
 • Federal riding Montmorency—Charlevoix
—Haute-Côte-Nord
 • Prov. riding Charlevoix–Côte-de-Beaupré
Area[2][3]
 • Total 52.30 km2 (20.19 sq mi)
 • Land 49.65 km2 (19.17 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 3,118
 • Density 62.8/km2 (163/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 2.5%
 • Dwellings 1,437
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G4A
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 138
Website www.ville.clermont.qc.ca

Clermont is a ville in the Canadian province of Quebec, and the seat of government for the Charlevoix-Est Regional County Municipality. It is located on the southern banks of the Malbaie River.

History[edit]

Around 1800, the first settlers moved into the area, living primarily of agriculture. Followed by a saw and flour mill, tradeshops, and stores, a settlement grew that was then known as Chute Nairne. At the close of the century, the place attracted attention for its hydro-electric potential, and by 1900, a dam was built across the Malbaie River, supplying electricity to La Malbaie and surrounding area.[4]

In 1909, Rodolphe Forget founded the East Canada Power and Pulp Company, and wanting to profit from the phenomenal growth in the pulp and paper market, he built Chute Nairne's first paper mill in 1911. The industrial development changed the place from a rural and agricultural society to a rapidly growing urban community.[4]

Félix-Antoine Savard, famous Québécois author and at that time priest of the Parish of Saint-Étienne in La Malbaie, was also responsible for Chute Nairne. His parishioners there were upset about being left a bit to themselves and about being far away from the parish church. Savard, at the request of residents of Chute Nairne, petitioned the bishop of Chicoutimi, Charles Lamarche, to obtain permission for a new parish and church. The request was accepted on September 18, 1931, and the Parish of Saint-Philippe-de-la-Chute-Nairn was formed.[4]

On February 16, 1935, the place separated from La Malbaie and was incorporated as a municipality, officially adopting the name Clermont for the new municipality. Félix-Antoine Savard greatly admired and paid tribute to Blaise Pascal who came from Clermont-Ferrand in France.[1][4]

In 1949, Clermont changed its status to village and in 1967 to town.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Clermont (Capitale-Nationale), Quebec[5]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 3,385 —    
1996 3,225 −4.7%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 3,078 −4.6%
2006 3,041 −1.2%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2011 3,118 +2.5%

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 1,393 (total dwellings: 1,437)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 0.3%
  • French as first language: 99.4%
  • English and French as first language: 0.3%
  • Other as first language: 0%

Economy[edit]

Clermont's economy centres on the Abitibi-Bowater paper mill, formerly the Donohue mill that was originally founded in 1936 by the brothers Timothy and Charles Donohue and employed close to a thousand people in the 1970s.[4]

Clermont is also the end of the Charlevoix Railway and therefore is an intermodal freight transport hub primarily for wood.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Clermont (Ville)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-05-21. 
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Clermont
  3. ^ a b Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Clermont census profile
  4. ^ a b c d e "Informations municipales >> Historique de la ville" (in French). Ville de Clermont. Retrieved 2010-05-21. 
  5. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census