Clones

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This article is about the Irish town. For other uses, see Clones (disambiguation).
Clones
Cluain Eois
Town
Skyline of Clones
Clones is located in Ireland
Clones
Clones
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 54°10′59″N 7°14′01″W / 54.183°N 7.2337°W / 54.183; -7.2337Coordinates: 54°10′59″N 7°14′01″W / 54.183°N 7.2337°W / 54.183; -7.2337
Country Ireland
Province Ulster
County County Monaghan
Elevation 71 m (233 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
 • Urban 2,500
 • Rural 321
Irish Grid Reference H500257
Website www.clones.ie

Clones (/ˈklnɨs/ KLOH-nis; from Irish: Cluain Eois) is a small town in western County Monaghan, Ireland. The area is part of the Border Region, earmarked for economic development by the Irish Government due to its currently below-average economic situation. The town was badly hit economically by the partition of Ireland in 1921 because of its location on the border with County Fermanagh in Northern Ireland. The creation of the border deprived it of access to a large part of its economic hinterland for many years. The town had a population of 2,889 (including the rural area) at the 2006 census.

Name[edit]

Historically Clones was also spelt Clonis, Clonish and Clownish.[7] These are anglicised versions of the Irish Cluain Eois, meaning "Eos's meadow". However, it is also said that the ancient name was Cluan Inis, "island of retreat," it having formerly been nearly surrounded by water.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Clones was the site of a monastic settlement in the kingdom of Dartraige Con-innsi, originally founded by Tigernach (anglicised Tierney) in the 6th century, until the dissolution of the monasteries by Henry VIII. St. Tigernach or Tierney's abbey, built in the early 6th century was dedicated to St. Peter and St. Paul. Tigernach later became Bishop of Clogher and removed that see to Clones, where he died of the plague in 550. The abbot was the Primus Abbas, or first mitred abbot of Ireland. The ruins of a 12th-century abbey building can still be found in the town, along with a sarcophagus reputed to have been built to house the remains of Saint Tighearnach, and a 9th-century round tower and high cross.

In February 1922, just after the partition of Ireland, Clones was the scene of a confrontation between the Ulster Special Constabulary and the Irish Republican Army. The Special Constabulary were a temporary, armed police force raised in Northern Ireland to put down IRA guerrillas there. Since the end of the Irish War of Independence in July 1921, the IRA were acting as the de facto army of the Provisional Government of the Irish Free State. A unit of Special Constabulary was travelling by train to Belfast, but was stopped by an IRA unit at Clones, in Southern Ireland, while they were changing trains. The IRA men demanded that they surrender and a gun battle broke out. An IRA officer was killed, as were four Special Constables. Nine other USC men were injured and the rest surrendered. The incident, known as the 'Clones Affray' at the time, threatened to cause the collapse of the Anglo-Irish Treaty and prompted the British government to suspend the withdrawal of British troops from the Free State.

Annalistic references[edit]

See Annals of Inisfallen (AI).

  • AI806.1 Kl. Gormgal son of Dindathach, abbot of Ard Macna and Cluain Eóis, rested.

Railways[edit]

Clones was linked by rail to Dundalk from 1855, Enniskillen from 1859, Cavan from 1862 and Armagh from 1863.[8] Clones railway station was opened on 26 June 1858[9] by the Dundalk and Enniskillen Railway. From 1876 all of these lines were part of the Great Northern Railway.

The partition of Ireland in 1922 made Clones a border post on the railway, which combined with road competition to cause the Great Northern to decline. In 1954 the governments of the Republic and Northern Ireland jointly nationalised the GNR and in 1957 Northern Ireland made the GNR close its lines from Armagh and Enniskillen to Clones.[10] This made it impractical to continue services on the Cavan and Dundalk lines so the GNR withdrew passenger services on those lines as well, leaving Clones with no passenger trains and a freight service truncated at the border.[10] The GNR closed Clones station to passenger traffic on 14 October 1957.[9]

In 1958 the two states partitioned the GNR between the Ulster Transport Authority and CIÉ. CIÉ withdrew freight services from the Cavan line in 1959 and from the Dundalk line in 1960, leaving Clones with no railway at all.[10] CIÉ closed Clones freight depot on 1 January 1960.[9]

Ulster Canal restoration[edit]

Clones Round Tower

The national inland waterways agency, Waterways Ireland, is planning to restore the Ulster Canal from the Newtownbutler area of Lough Erne to Clones.

People[edit]

Sport[edit]

Clones is now mainly known in Ireland as being the location of the GAA stadium, St Tiernach's Park. This stadium is regularly used for inter-county matches during the Ulster provincial championship in Gaelic football, and traditionally hosts the final. The summer football season was therefore a major source of revenue for businesses in the town.

Festivals[edit]

Clones Film Festival[edit]

Clones Film Festival was launched in 2002 and is steadily growing to be the biggest event of its type in the area. Organised by Lmb Entertainments. The festival takes place on the October Bank Holiday weekend.

The Flat Lake Festival[edit]

The Flat Lake Festival is an annual event hosted by Kevin Allen in Hilton Park, Clones, Co. Monaghan, since its inception in 2007. Readings, comedy, music and theatre takes place within the farm estate among the barns and bales of hay, abandoned tractors and ancient oaks of Hilton Park over the period of a long weekend, just a couple of miles outside the town of Clones on the back road to Cavan town. In previous years it has taken place in mid-August.

Clones Lace Summer Workshops[edit]

The Clones Lace Summer Workshops take place each June at the Ulster Canal Stores in Clones. Irish Crochet Lace artist and instructor Maire Treanor directs the workshops; she and guest instructors guide students in the design of traditional and modern applications of Clones Lace: motifs such as the Rose, Shamrock and Thistle, as well as in the execution of the Clones Knot filling stitch.

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild dfferences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[11]

Climate data for Clones
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
8
(46)
9
(49)
12
(54)
15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(67)
19
(66)
17
(62)
13
(56)
10
(50)
8
(46)
12.8
(55.3)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(35)
2
(35)
3
(37)
4
(40)
7
(44)
9
(49)
11
(52)
11
(52)
9
(49)
7
(44)
4
(39)
2
(36)
5.9
(42.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 86
(3.4)
66
(2.6)
71
(2.8)
53
(2.1)
64
(2.5)
71
(2.8)
71
(2.8)
91
(3.6)
84
(3.3)
94
(3.7)
84
(3.3)
94
(3.7)
929
(36.6)
Source: Weatherbase[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Never alone when a clone". Clones Town. 2013-02-27. Retrieved 2014-02-04. 
  2. ^ Census for post 1821 figures. Cso.ie. Retrieved on 10 July 2012.
  3. ^ histpop.org
  4. ^ NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. Retrieved on 10 July 2012.
  5. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  6. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. 
  7. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland (see archival records)
  8. ^ Hajducki, S. Maxwell (1974). A Railway Atlas of Ireland. Newton Abbott: David & Charles. map 14. ISBN 0-7153-5167-2. 
  9. ^ a b c "Clones station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 17 September 2007. 
  10. ^ a b c Hajducki, S. Maxwell (1974). A Railway Atlas of Ireland. Newton Abbott: David & Charles. map 39. ISBN 0-7153-5167-2. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Clones
  12. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on 12 July 2013.

External links[edit]