College of the Atlantic
|Location||Bar Harbor, Maine, USA|
|Avg. Class Size||12|
College of the Atlantic, founded in 1969, is a private, alternative liberal-arts college located in Bar Harbor on Mount Desert Island, Maine, United States. It awards bachelor's and masters (M.Phil.) degrees solely in the field of human ecology, though with a variety of emphases. The college is small, with approximately 364 students and a full-time faculty of 27, and 15 part-time faculty. Its curriculum includes student-directed projects, community involvement, and interdisciplinary learning.
The College of the Atlantic was conceived by Mount Desert Island residents who wanted to stimulate the island's economy during the off-season, when revenue from tourism declined, by forming a year-round, four-year institution of higher education.
In 1968, Father James Gower, a Catholic priest and peace activist, and his former football teammate from Bar Harbor High School, businessman Les Brewer, conceived the idea for the College of the Atlantic. Brewer and Gower founded the school in 1969, when the school of human ecology was granted temporary approval on June 23, 1969, by the Maine State Board of Education. Three other Mount Desert residents participated in the establishment of the college - Bernard K. "Sonny" Cough, Richard Lewis and Robert Smith. Edward Kaelber became the first president and was joined in 1970 by Melville P. Cote as assistant to the President and Director of Admissions and Student Affairs.
Father James Gower proposed "Acadia Peace College" as the original name for the school, though this was rejected in favor of the College of the Atlantic.The College of the Atlantic began offering its first classes in 1972 with an enrollment of just 32 students. The institution now has approximately 300 students, as of the 2012-2013 school year. Since its establishment, the College of the Atlantic has offered only one academic major, human ecology. Gower helped to create the curriculum for the college and its academic programs.
The majority of the campus was purchased for $1 USD from the Oblate Fathers of Mary Immaculate Seminary, who used the site as a monastery. Parts of the campus were also donated by the Cough family, as Bernard K. "Sonny" Cough was one of the five founders of the school.
The school's curriculum is based on human ecology, and all freshmen are required to take an introductory core course in human ecology during their first term. Other requirements include two courses in each focus area (Environmental Studies, Arts and Design, Human Studies), one quantitative reasoning course, one history course, and one course that involves extensive writing. The intention is for students to explore and integrate ideas from different disciplines and to construct their own understanding of human ecology.
With its focus on interdisciplinary learning, College of the Atlantic does not have distinct departments, and all faculty members consider themselves human ecologists in addition to their formal specialization. Currently, there are professors of art, art history, anthropology, creative writing, political science and peace studies, economics, green and sustainable business, ecology, biology, botany, environmental science, sustainable food systems, film, law, environmental studies, international policy, languages, philosophy, history, education, music and psychology.
As a graduation requirement, all students must complete a term-long senior project and a human ecology essay in their final year, in addition to a mandatory internship sometime within their four years. For this senior project, students decide the methods and content which are then submitted for approval by their academic advisors. Projects are highly diverse and have included computer programs, scientific papers, ethnographic research, theatrical productions, educational curricula, complete novels, art exhibits, books of letters, garden renovations, and music compilations.
Students have come from 36 states and 34 foreign countries. With international students comprising an average of 15 percent of its student population, College of the Atlantic is among the five liberal arts colleges with the highest proportion of international students. These students primarily graduate from United World Colleges and are awarded full tuition scholarships through the Shelby Davis Scholarship.
Sustainability at COA 
In 2004, COA was the first campus to make a multi-year commitment to be powered entirely by renewable energy, signing a 10-year contract with Endless Energy Corporation. In 2005 it was the first school to hold a zero-waste graduation. In October 2006, COA pledged to become carbon neutral, offsetting all of its carbon emissions, including those created by visiting students; COA fulfilled the pledge in December 2007 by purchasing carbon offsets for their emissions through the Climate Trust of Oregon. The college currently offsets those emissions it cannot reduce or avoid via truck stop electrification through Carbonfund.org.
New student housing is also touted as being some of the most sustainable in the northeast, built partially from recycled materials and featuring composting toilets, wood pellet heat, and superior insulation.
Notable alumni 
- Amy Goodman, Journalist
- Nell Newman, Environmentalist and Founder of Newman's Own Organics
- Chellie Pingree, Former head of Common Cause, and US House of Representatives for Maine
- Greg Stone, Oceanographer http://www.ted.com/speakers/greg_stone.html
- Bill Ginn, Chief Conservation Officer for The Nature Conservancy http://www.nature.org/aboutus/governance/executiveteam/index.htm
- Jay McNally, Founder of IBIS Consulting, http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/private/person.asp?personId=20882824&privcapId=8511152&previousCapId=8511152&previousTitle=Ibis%20Consulting,%20Inc.
- Miles Maiden, Founder of SteriPEN (Hydro Photon Inc.), http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2023689_2023821_2023806,00.html, http://bangordailynews.com/2011/12/14/outdoors/blue-hill-outdoorsman-inventor-paves-the-way-to-safe-water-any-time-anywhere/
See also 
- Trotter, Bill (2012-12-17). "COA co-founder, priest, James Gower, dies at age 90". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "College of the Atlantic co-founder dies at 90". WMTV. 2012-12-16. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "COA Campus History". Retrieved 2009-05-13.
- Private college nation's first carbon-neutral campus from Associated Press via CNN
- Official website
- Current Washington Monthly Liberal Arts Rankings
- College of the Atlantic from Princeton Review