List of colonial heads of Algeria

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In 1830, in the last days of the Bourbon Restoration in France, the conquest of the Regency of Algiers was initiated by Charles X as an attempt to increase his popularity amongst the French people. The invasion began on 5 July 1830. Afterwards Algeria would become a French territory from 1830 to 1962, under a variety of governmental systems.

List of rulers of Ottoman Algeria[edit]

List of rulers of French Algeria[edit]

French colony of Algeria (1830–1848)[edit]

Tenure Incumbent Notes Pictures
5 July 1830 to 12 August 1830 Louis-Auguste-Victor, Count de Ghaisnes de Bourmont, Military Commander  
Marechal-de-bourmont.jpg
12 August 1830 to 21 February/21 March? 1831 General Bertrand Clausel, comte Clausel, Military Commander  
Clauzel, Bertrand.jpg
21 February/21 March 1831 to ?6/21 December 1831 General Pierre Bertheéne, Baron Berthezéne  
Berthezène.JPG
?6/21 December 1831 to 29 April 1833 Anne Jean Marie René Savary, duc de Rovigo, Military Commander  
Savary peinture.jpg
29 April 1833 to 27 July 1834 Théophile Voirol, Baron Voirol, interim Military Commander    
27 July 1834 to 8 July 1835 Jean-Baptiste Drouet, comte d'Erlon, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa  
Général Jean Baptiste Drouet.png
8 July 1835 to 12 February 1837 Bertrand, comte Clauzel, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa  
Clauzel, Bertrand.jpg
12 February 1837 to 12/13 October 1837 Charles Marie Denys, comte de Damrémont, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa    
12/13 October 1837 to 11 November 1837    
11 November/1 December 1837 to 18 December 1840 Sylvain Charles, comte Valée, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa  
Maréchal Sylvain Charles Valée.jpg
22 February 1841 to 27 September 1847 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa (22 Feb. 1841 to Feb. 1842) then Governor-General of Algeria (Feb. 1842 to 27 Sept. 1847)  
Bugeaud, Thomas - 2.jpg
  1 September 1845 to 6 July 1847   Christophe Juchault de Lamoricière, acting Governor-General of Algeria For Bugeaud
Louis-de-lamoriciere.jpg
  6 July 1847 to 27 September 1847   Marie Alphonse Bedeau, acting Governor-General of Algeria For Begeaud
BEDEAU.jpg
27 September 1847 to 24 February 1848 Henri-Eugène-Philippe-Louis d'Orleans, duc d'Aumale, Governor-General of Algeria  
Henri-d-aumale.jpg
24 February 1848 to 29 April 1848 Louis-Eugène Cavaignac, Governor-General of Algeria  
Cavaignac.jpg
29 April 1848 to 9 September 1848 Nicolas Théodule Changarnier, Governor-General of Algeria  
Nicolas Changarnier by Georges Lafosse.jpg
  20 June 1848 to 9 September 1848   Guillaume Stanislas Marey-Monge, acting Governor-General of Algeria For Changarnier
Guillaume Stanislas Marey-Monge (1796-1863).jpg
9 September 1848 to 4 November 1848 Viala, Baron Charon, Governor-General of Algeria  
Viala Charon.jpg

French departments of Algeria (1848-1962)[edit]

Shortly after Louis Philippe's monarchy was overthrown in the revolution of 1848, the new government of the Second Republic ended Algeria's status as a colony and declared it in the 1848 Constitution an integral part of France. Three civil departementsAlger, Oran, and Constantine—were organized under a civilian government.

Tenure Incumbent Notes Pictures
4 November 1848 to 22 October 1850 Viala, Baron Charon, Governor-General of Algeria  
Viala Charon.jpg
22 October 1850 to 10 May 1851 Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul, Governor-General of Algeria  
Général de Beaufort d'Hautpoul.jpg
10 May 1851 to 11 December 1851 Aimable-Jean-Jacques Pélissier, Governor-General of Algeria 1st Term
Aimable Pelissier.jpg
11 December 1851 to 31 August 1858 Jacques Louis Randon, Governor-General of Algeria  
WP Jacques-Louis Randon.jpg
24 June 1858 to 21 March 1859 Prince Napoléon-Joseph-Charles-Paul Bonaparte, Minister for Algeria and the Colonies  
NJKPBonaparte.jpg
21 March 1859 to 24 November 1860 Prosper, comte de Chasseloup-Laubat, Minister for Algeria and the Colonies  
Chasseloup-Laubat, Prosper - 1.jpg
24 November 1860 to 22 May 1864 Aimable-Jean-Jacques Pélissier, Minister for Algeria and the Colonies 2nd Term
Aimable Pelissier.jpg
22 May 1864 to 1 September 1864 Édmond de Martimprey, Minister for Algeria and the Colonies  
Crimean War 1854-56 Q71486.jpg
1 September 1864 to 27 July 1870 Patrice MacMahon, duc de Magenta, Governor-General of Algeris  
Macmahon.jpg
27 July 1870 to 23 October 1870 Louis, Baron Durieu, Governor-General of Algeris  
François Louis Alfred Durrieu.jpg
23 October 1870 to 24 October 1870 Jean Walsin-Esterhazy, Governor-General of Algeris    
24 October 1870 to 16 November 1870 Henri-Gabriel Didier, Governor-General of Algeris    
16 November 1870 to 8 February 1871 Charles de Bouzet, Prefect of Oran and Extraordinary Commissioner of the Republic    
c. November 1870 to March 1871 Benoît-François-Désiré-Romuald Vuillermoz, Mayor of Algiers and Head of the Committee of Defence In rebellion  
8 February 1871 to 21 March 1871 Alexis Lambert, Prefect of Oran and Extraordinary Commissioner of the Republic    
21 March 1871 to 10 June 1873 Louis Henri de Gueydon, Governor-General of Algeria  
Amiraldegueydon.jpg
10 June 1873 to 15 March 1879 Antoine-Eugène-Alfred Chanzy, Governor-General of Algeria  
Antoine Alfred Eugène Chanzy.JPG
15 March 1879 to 26 November 1881 Albert Grévy, acting Governor-General of Algeria  
Grevy, Albert.jpg
26 November 1881 to 18 April 1891 Louis Tirman, Governor-General of Algeria    
18 April 1891 to 28 September 1897 Jules Cambon, Governor-General of Algeria  
Jules Cambon.jpg
28 September 1897 to 1 October 1897 Auguste Loze, Governor-General of Algeria    
1 October 1897 to 26 July 1898 Louis Lépine, Governor-General of Algeria  
Louis Lépine.jpg
26 July 1898 to 3 October 1900 Edouard Lafferrièr, Governor-General of Algeria    
3 October 1900 to 18 June 1901 Célestin-Charles Jonnart, acting Governor-General of Algeria
(Charles Célestin Jonnart)
1st term;
Charles Jonnart 1918.jpg
18 June 1901 to 11 April 1903 Paul Révoil, Governor-General of Algeria
(Amédee Revoil)
 
PaulRévoil.jpg
11 April 1903 to 5 May 1903 Maurice Varnier, acting Governor-General of Algeria    
5 May 1903 to 22 May 1911 Célestin-Charles Jonnart, acting Governor-General of Algeria 2nd term
Charles Jonnart 1918.jpg
22 May 1911 to 29 January 1918 Charles Lutaud, Governor-General of Algeria  
Charles Lutaud.png
29 January 1918 to 29 August 1919 Célestin-Charles Jonnart, acting Governor-General of Algeria 3rd term
Charles Jonnart 1918.jpg
29 August 1919 to 28 July 1921 Jean-Baptiste Eugène Abel, Governor-General of Algeria    
28 July 1921 to 17 April 1925 Théodore Steeg, Governor-General of Algeria  
Théodore Steeg.jpg
17 April 1925 to 12 May 1925 Henri Dubief, acting Governor-General of Algeria    
12 May 1925 to 20 November 1927 Maurice Viollette, Governor-General of Algeria  
Maurice Viollette 1929.jpg
20 November 1927 to 3 October 1930 Pierre-Louis Bordes, Governor-General of Algeria  
Pierre Bordes (Agence Meurisse).jpg
3 October 1930 to 21 September 1935 Jules-Gaston Henri Carde, Governor-General of Algeria  
Jules Carde 1923.jpg
21 September 1935 to 19 July 1940 Georges le Beau, Governor-General of Algeria    
19 July 1940 to 16 July 1941 Jean-Charles Abrial, Governor-General of Algeria    
16 July 1941 to 20 September 1941 Maxime Weygand, Governor-General of Algeria  
Time Maxime Weygand 10 30 33 cropped.jpg
20 September 1941 to 20 January 1943 Yves-Charles Chatel, acting Governor-General of Algeria    
20 January 1943 to 3 June 1943 Bernard-Marcel-Edmond Peyrouton, Governor-General of Algeria  
Marcel Peyrouton.jpg
3 June 1943 to 8 September 1944 Georges-Albert-Julien Catroux, Governor-General of Algeria  
Georges Catroux 1940.jpg
8 September 1944 to 11 February 1948 Yves Chataigneau, Governor-General of Algeria    
11 February 1948 to 9 March 1951 Marcel-Edmond Naegelen, Governor-General of Algeria    
12 April 1951 to 26 January 1955 Roger Léonard, Governor-General of Algeria    
26 January 1955 to 1 February 1956 Jacques Soustelle, Governor-General of Algeria  
Jacques Soustelle.jpg
1 February 1956 to 9 February 1956 Georges Albert Julien Catroux, Governor-General of Algeria  
Georges Catroux 1940.jpg
9 February 1956 to 13 May 1958 Robert Lacoste, Governor-General of Algeria  
Robert Lacoste.jpg
13 May 1958 to 1 June 1958 André Mutter, Governor-General of Algeria    
13 May 1958 to 23 May 1958 Jacques Massu, President of the Committee of Public Safety In rebellion
Général Massu (Bataille d'Alger).jpg
23 May 1958 to 7 June 1958 Committee of Public Safety:- In rebellion
Coup d'État du 13 mai 1958.jpg
Jacques Massu, President of the Central Committee of Public Safety
Sid Cara, President of the Central Committee of Public Safety
7 June 1958 to 12 December 1958 Raoul-Albin-Louis Salan, Delegate-general of Algeria  
Raoul Salan.jpg
12 December 1958 to 23 November 1960 Paul-Albert-Louis Delouvrier, Delegate-general of Algeria    
23 November 1960 to 19 March 1962 Jean Morin, Delegate-general of Algeria    
21 April 1961 to 25 April 1961 Directorate:- In rebellion
Putsch des generaux 22 avril 1961 (guerre d'Algérie)..jpg
Maurice Challe
André Zeller
Edmond Jouhaud
Raoul Salan
19 March 1962 to 3 July 1962 Christian Fouchet, High Commissioner    
3 July 1962 to 25 September 1962 Abdur Rahman Farès, High Commissioner, chairman of the Provisional Executive  
Abderrahmane Farès.jpg

For continuation after independence, see: Presidents of Algeria

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]