Siege of Constantine

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Siege of Constantine
Part of French conquest of Algeria
La prise de Constantine 1837 par Horace Vernet.jpg
Capture of Constantine, Algeria
Date 10–13 October 1837
Location Constantine, French Algeria
Result French victory
Belligerents
France France Ottoman Empire Ottoman Algeria
Commanders and leaders
General Damrémont  
General Valée
Ahmed Bey
Strength
20,000 men
60 guns[1]
7,500 defenders[2]

The Siege of Constantine in 1837 was decided by Louis Philippe I and the head of his government, Count Molé in the summer of 1837 at a time when, with the consolidation of the July Monarchy and recovery economic prosperity, the king is considering a dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies.

As Charles X tried in 1830 with the expedition to Algiers, the king of the French was seeking a better result in the elections by offering the country a little military glory and revenge for Clausel's failed expedition against Constantine in 1836.

The preparation of the expedition at the end of August was marred by a bitter rivalry between the two king's eldest son, the Prince Ferdinand Philippe and the Prince Louis, who both vied for the honor to participate: the first considered that, as the senior, it was his right, while the second, who participated in the unsuccessful expedition of the previous year, was keen to avenge this humiliation. Ultimately it was the younger prince who participated.[3]

The army met in the camp Merdjez-Hammar, established on the banks of the Seybouse in Guelma Province, half way from Bôna to Constantine. Placed under the command of the Governor-General, General Damrémont, the army was formed in four brigades. The 1st Brigade in the vanguard was commanded by the Duke of Nemours, the second, third and fourth brigades were under the command of Generals Trezel and Rulhieres; General Valée commanded the artillery and General Rohault de Fleury the engineers.

The French Army went from Bône on October 1. The siege started on October 10. On October 12, the victorious assault was begun by General Damrémont, who that evening was struck by a bullet, and completed by his successor, the General Valée. The latter was raised to the rank of Marshal of France on November 11 and appointed Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa on December 1.

References[edit]

  1. ^ A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle ... , by Spencer C. Tucker, 2009, p. 1163
  2. ^ A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle ... , by Spencer C. Tucker, 2009, p. 1163
  3. ^ '"C'est beau, c'est grand, c'est bien: écrit Louis-Philippe à Molé le 31 août". (cité par Guy Antonetti, Louis-Philippe, Paris, Fayard, 2002, p. 788).