List of G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero vehicles

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For Dreadnok and Iron Grenadier vehicles, see Dreadnoks and Iron Grenadiers.

The G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero toyline was introduced by Hasbro in 1982, and lasted to 1994, producing well over 250 vehicles (i.e. in-universe are meant to move under their own power), and playsets (i.e. toys representing static bases of operation such as fortresses, or equipment such as artillery pieces). Many of these vehicles included action figures designed to be the driver/pilot of the vehicle. Other vehicles were sold separately, for use with any G.I. Joe character.

In the late 1980s, Toys "R" Us also produced several exclusive lines of G.I. Joe toys, which were repainted and recast versions of previously released toys.

G.I. Joe vehicles with drivers[edit]

Arctic Blast[edit]

The Arctic Blast was first released in 1989, packaged with the driver Windchill. This cold-weather vehicle featured a progressive air suspension system, two "Chain Gang" 30mm Gatling guns, two 7.62mm double-barreled machine guns, and side mounted surface missiles.[1]

Avalanche[edit]

Not to be confused with Avalanche (G.I. Joe).

The Avalanche was first released in 1990, packaged with the driver Cold Front. It featured a digital ice mine deployer, a side-swipe missile-firing pulse cannon, six heat-seeking surface-to-air missiles, and a removable scout craft for arctic reconnaissance.[2]

A.W.E. Striker[edit]

Main article: A.W.E. Striker
A.W.E. Striker w/ Crankcase from G.I. Joe Attack on Cobra Island series.

The A.W.E. (All-Weather/Environment) Striker was first released in 1985, packaged with the Crankcase action figure.[3] It featured a removable engine, a 10 round 70mm launcher for projectiles, off-road tires and springing 4WD suspension.[4] Although the release of this toy pre-dates it, it is quite similar to the M1040/41 Fast Attack Vehicle. In 1992, the cannon was replaced by a water-firing gun, and the vehicle was recast as the Eco-Striker, as part of the Eco-Warriors line.[5]

Blockbuster[edit]

The Blockbuster was first released in 1994, packaged with the Battle Corps version of Windchill. The heavily armored vehicle featured a double-barreled pom-pom cannon, with a ten shot auto-feeding rocket chamber, an anti-aircraft gun, and a front-mounted Gatling gun.[6]

Conquest X-30[edit]

The Conquest X-30 super-sonic jet was first introduced in the 1986 run of the toyline,[7] packaged with the Slip Stream action figure. The Conquest is an advanced forward-swept wing jet fighter, based on the real-life experimental Grumman X-29 aircraft. It is armed with a laser guidance system, twin 25 mm revolver cannons, and four "AIM-12 Light Sparrow" missiles. The Conquest X-30 carries "11k" (presumably 11,000 pounds) internal fuel, and two 350 gal. external fuel tanks.[8] Hasbro marketed it as the Joe team’s counterpart to Cobra’s Night Raven.

It was recast in a red and black cross "Snake Skin" camouflage, and released as the Python Conquest in 1989, as part of the Python Patrol line.[9] It was later released again as the Conquest X-30 in 1998, with a different color scheme, and bundled with a different character, fellow G.I. Joe pilot Ace. It was released once more in 2003, again with a different color scheme, and Slip Stream back as the pilot.

In the Marvel Comics G.I. Joe series, the Conquest first appeared in issue #54, where it squared off against the Cobra Firebat. It would not be until G.I. Joe: Special Missions issue #5 that it would fight against the Night Raven. The Conquest X-30 is featured heavily in the second season of the TV series, when it replaced the Skystriker as the Joe team’s primary fighting aircraft.

Crossfire[edit]

The Crossfire was the first radio-controlled G.I. Joe vehicle. It was first released in 1987, packaged with the action figure Rumbler. The 4WD vehicle came with a control module and twin-lever joystick, and could be controlled from up to 70 feet away.[10] It featured two "Live-Wire" Sam-19 missiles, "Pumper" 20mm cannons, and real rubber tires. The Crossfire was available in two different radio frequencies ("Alpha 27" or "Delta 49"), so that two vehicles could be operated in the same location.[11]

Crusader Space Shuttle[edit]

The Crusader Space Shuttle is based on the design of the Defiant that was released two years earlier. In lieu of the robot arm, the Crusader comes with the Avenger Scout Craft, which was a one-person recon jet, similar to the drone that accompanied the Cobra Night Raven S3P. The Crusader also came with a repainted version of the Payload action figure.[12]

Desert Fox[edit]

The Desert Fox 6WD desert jeep was first released in 1988, packaged with the driver Skidmark.[13] It featured two "Scorpion" anti-tank missiles, wheels that were heat and puncture resistant, and a rear-mounted anti-aircraft cannon.[14] In 1993, it was recast and released as the Dino-Hunter Jeep, as part of the Dino-Hunter Mission Playset, which also included repainted versions of the figures Ambush and Low-Light.[15]

Dragonfly XH-1[edit]

The Dragonfly XH-1 assault copter was first released in 1983, packaged with the action figure Wild Bill.[16] Armed with four Sidewinder air-to-ground missiles, two Sidewinder H.E. missiles, and a dual M-34 grenade launcher/2mm Vulcan nose cannon, it became a trademark for the G.I. Joe Team.[17] The toy's design is based upon the Bell AH-1 Cobra. The Dragonfly is featured in the 1985 G.I. Joe computer game.[18] Wild Bill also pilots a Dragonfly in the C64/CPC version of the Action Force video game. It was repainted and released as the Tiger Force Tiger Fly in 1988.[19]

Ghoststriker X-16[edit]

The Ghoststriker X-16 was introduced in 1993, as the latest in the G.I. Joe Team's high-tech flight technology. Based on the F-16 Fighting Falcon, the jet featured two Sidewinder missiles, four Phoenix missiles, retractable landing gear, and an image projection unit built into the nosecone of the toy. When activated, it would project the illuminated image of an enemy jet on a wall, so that the toy could "fire a missile" at the image and neutralize it. The Ghoststriker came packaged with the Battle Corps version of Ace.[20]

H.A.V.O.C.[edit]

The H.A.V.O.C. (Heavy Articulated Vehicle Ordnance Carrier) was introduced in 1986, and came packaged with the Cross-Country action figure.[7] It was armed with dual recoilless cannons, and "Lancer" guided missiles. The rear of the vehicle opened to reveal a reinforced lift-off pad, and one-man hover reconnaissance vehicle.[21] Unlike much of the Joe team's vehicles and equipment up to that point, the H.A.V.O.C. was not based on any real-world vehicle, deployed or in development. It was repainted with chrome parts, and released as the Sky Patrol Sky H.A.V.O.C. in 1990.[22]

Killer W.H.A.L.E.[edit]

The Killer W.H.A.L.E. (Warrior: Hovering Assault Launching Envoy) hovercraft was released in 1984.[23] It came packaged with the Cutter action figure, and featured twin elevating cannons, two rotating machine guns, and six depth charges.[24] The craft's four casters allow it to "hover" on a flat surface, and although not air-tight, the toy has positive buoyancy and is capable of floating on water.[25] In the G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero comic book, the acronym stood for Water-borne Hovercraft Assault Landing: Experimental, and it first appeared in issue #28, when it participated in an assault on Zartan's lair in Florida's Okefenokee Swamp. It was recast in black and red, and released as the Night Force Night Striker in 1988.[26]

Mauler M.B.T.[edit]

The Mauler M.B.T. (Manned Battle Tank) was released in 1985, as a replacement for the M.O.B.A.T. toy which was discontinued the same year. It came packaged with the Heavy Metal action figure.[3] Like the M.O.B.A.T., the Mauler incorporated a small DC electric motor, powered by 4xC batteries. However, the Mauler toy was only capable of going forward, albeit with two speeds, unlike the M.O.B.A.T. which could also reverse and turn.[27] It was repainted and fitted with new parts in 1989, and released as the Slaughter's Marauders Equalizer.[28]

Mean Dog[edit]

The Mean Dog 3-in-1 armored vehicle was first released in 1988, packaged with the driver Wild Card.[13] It consisted of a main body with a tow hook and ten missiles, a removable M200 "Spitfire" 20mm cannon, and a fast-attack scout car with a .50 caliber machine gun.[29]

M.O.B.A.T.[edit]

G.I. Joe Motorized Battle Tank (MOBAT), Released in 1982.

The M.O.B.A.T. (MOtorized BAttle Tank) was first released in 1982, packaged with the action figure Steeler.[30] The design was based on the M551 Sheridan light tank, with an extendable 130mm main cannon, and a .50 caliber machine gun. "Motorized" refers to the fact that toy was actually propelled by a small 2xD battery powered electric motor that drove the tank's tracks, allowing the toy to move forward/reverse and turn under its own power; its movement was controlled by moving the tank commander's cupola on the top of the turret.[31] In later years, Hasbro was able to sell thousands of M.O.B.A.T. toys to former Soviet children through its Indian joint venture, Funskool (India) Ltd.; the Russians ordered 100,000 units delivered instantly.[32]

In the Marvel Comics G.I. Joe series, the M.O.B.A.T.'s most prominent appearances include the first issue, where it is part of a concentrated attack on a Cobra island fortress.[33] Subsequently, the M.O.B.A.T. is featured prominently in issue #5, in a story dedicated to the vehicle.[34] In-story, the acronym stood for "Multi-Ordnance BAttle Tank".

The M.O.B.A.T. is one of the vehicles a player can use in the 1985 G.I. Joe computer game.[18] The M.O.B.A.T. toy also receives a brief mention, along with the Terror Drome, in the Stephen King horror novel The Tommyknockers.[35]

Mudfighter[edit]

The Mudfighter bomber was first released in 1989, packaged with the pilot Dogfight. It featured two bomb racks, with sixteen AS-99 air-to-surface bombs, and a 100FW 1670 lb. "propfan" propeller with forward/reverse power modes.[36]

Persuader[edit]

The Persuader high-speed laser tank was first released in 1987, packaged with the action figure Back-Stop.[37] It featured a "Heatwave" 10 Megawatt armor-piercing laser cannon, six "Dart" Sam-37 missiles, and 10-wheel drive.[11] It was recast in black and red, and released as the Night Force Night Storm in 1988.[26]

Phantom X-19[edit]

The Phantom X-19 stealth fighter jet was first released in 1988, packaged with the pilot Ghostrider.[13] It featured two "Bullseye" computer-aided low-altitude missiles, two BY-106 "Little Guy" long range air-to-air missiles, two opening wings with flip out laser cannons, and retractable landing gear.[38]

Raider[edit]

The Raider was first released in 1989, packaged with the driver Hot Seat. It featured titanium reinforced support legs for the upper section, to maintain perfect balance in attack mode, and allow the Raider's armaments to attack oncoming ground vehicles. It was armed with a dual-impact photo cannon, two tactical infrared computer-controlled laser blasters, and two large missiles housed inside the vehicle.[39]

Retaliator[edit]

The Retaliator helicopter was first released in 1990, packaged with the pilot Updraft. It features a capture claw with built in winch hook, super-speed rotor blades, four missiles, and a bomb ramp with nine bombs.[22]

Rolling Thunder[edit]

The Rolling Thunder armored missile launcher was first released in 1988, packaged with the driver Armadillo.[13] It featured two large "Double Team" quad thruster rockets, which were hidden in the housing of the Rolling Thunder itself, and could be moved into launch position. Each rocket contained six "Firefly" free fall cluster bombs. The Rolling Thunder also came with a small ATSV (All Terrain Scout Vehicle), many laser cannons and missiles, and a turret-mounted "Short Throw" 90mm main battle cannon.[40]

S.H.A.R.C.[edit]

The S.H.A.R.C. Flying Submarine (Submersible High-speed Attack and Reconnaissance Craft) was first released in 1984, packaged with the action figure Deep Six.[23] It featured two acoustic homing torpedoes, twin flip-up 30mm "Tidal Wave" cannons, and had both underwater and air-attack capabilities.[41] It was recast in black and red, and released as the Night Force Night Shade in 1988.[26] It was repainted with chrome parts, and released as the Sky Patrol Sky S.H.A.R.C. in 1990.[42]

Shark 9000[edit]

The Shark 9000 was first released in 1993, packaged with the Battle Corps version of Cutter. It was originally planned to be part of the "Drug Elimination Force" line of figures and vehicles. The attack boat featured a water cannon, a spring-loaded "Aqua Attack" missile launcher, H2O X-1 machine guns, and actually floated with wind-up motor action.[43]

Skystorm[edit]

The Skystorm X-wing chopper was first released in 1988, packaged with the pilot Windmill.[13] Based partially on the Sikorsky S-72, it featured a turbo-shaft engine, and was armed with two large bombs and four missiles.[44]

Skystriker XP-14F[edit]

Not to be confused with Skystriker (G.I. Joe).
Original Skystriker combat jet.

The Skystriker XP-14F is a variable wing fighter aircraft that was first released in 1983, packaged with the Ace action figure.[16] It featured two each of the S3 Sidewinder, S3 Sparrow and S3Z Phoenix missiles, two ejection seats with working parachutes, and two Vulcan cannons.[45] It was recast in black and red, and released as the Night Force Night Boomer in 1989.[46]

Its first comic book appearance was in issue #14 of the G.I. Joe comic published by Marvel Comics. It was the central focus in issue #34, as Ace pilots a Skystriker in a dogfight against the Cobra pilot Wild Weasel. Neither pilot wins.[47] It often appears in relation to the USS Flagg, the Joe's fictional aircraft carrier. For example, several Skystrikers are lost over the carrier's side during a tsunami.[48] Its final appearance was in issue #115, after which Ace has traded it for the newer more sophisticated Ghoststriker X-16.

When the G.I. Joe animated series was launched in 1985, the Skystriker was the team's only fighter aircraft. It was used by every qualified Joe member until the second season, when the Conquest X-30 took over in conjunction with the release of that toy. Although both the toy and the real life Northrop Grumman F-14 Tomcat fighter it was based upon were twin-seat designs, it was rarely portrayed as such in the associated comic books and cartoons. In the episode "The Wrong Stuff", several Skystrikers were modified for space travel.[49] In "Battle for the Train of Gold", many Skystrikers were destroyed in a strafing run outside of Fort Knox.[50]

The Skystriker is also featured in the 1985 G.I. Joe computer game.[18]

An updated version of the original toy was released in 2011. Featuring new tooling based on the original, but with a one-seat cockpit, the new Skystriker was given the designation XP-21F, with the name parsed as "Sky Striker" on the packaging. In addition to the new tooling, the XP-21F features darker gray plastic for its body and wings than the original toy.[51] A redecoed version of the XP-21F mold based on the Transformers character Starscream was released as a San Diego Comic-Con International exclusive in 2011.[52] The XP-21F mold was subsequently reused as a 2013 International G.I. Joe Convention exclusive Night Force Night Boomer,[53] and a Jetfire version (with new parts resembling the Autobot jet's boosters) at the 2013 San Diego Comic-Con.[54]

Slugger[edit]

The Slugger Self-Propelled Cannon was first released in 1984, packaged with the action figure Thunder.[23] It featured a 170mm Howitzer cannon, a removable .30 caliber machine gun, a rear bumper/stabilizer, and a closable hatch to protect the figure inside the armored vehicle.[55]

Snow Cat[edit]

The Snow Cat tracked arctic vehicle was first released in 1985, packaged with the action figure Frostbite.[3] It featured a 680 hp engine, two high-speed "Avalanche" ski-missiles, and room for up to 10 Joes.[56] It was repainted and released as the Tiger Force Tiger Cat in 1988.[19]

Thunderclap[edit]

The Thunderclap was first released in 1989, packaged with the driver Long Range. It consisted of three components: a tractor vehicle, a trailer vehicle, and a cannon base. The tractor vehicle featured a MG-999 assault weapon, and two surface-to-surface missiles. The trailer vehicle had a computer-controlled blaster cannon, and three surface-to-surface cruise missiles. The main piece of the Thunderclap was its cannon base, featuring the huge extendable "Annihilator" cannon, with four stabilizer legs to support the base when set up separately from the vehicle itself. The cannon also had a mechanism that holds the shells, and simulated actual firing.[39]

Tomahawk[edit]

The Tomahawk is an all-weather, twin-engine, twin-rotor heavy lift/assault as well as troop transit helicopter for the G.I. Joe Team. It has a top speed of 175 mph when fully loaded. Its turboshaft engine is fitted with heat/noise reduction and layered with bulletproof covering. It is armed with 6 x 250 lb. freefall "dumb" bombs, 2 x air to ground missile which can also be used for air to air engagements, crew-operated laser enhanced night vision system .50 calibre machine guns on each side, and a six-barreled 20mm cannon mounted under the nose.

The toy version offers seating for a pilot, co-pilot and removable seating for five passengers. It was first released in 1986, and came packaged with the action figure pilot Lift-Ticket.[7] It featured a rear cargo ramp/door, a working winch and propeller, five removable seats, a 20mm cannon, and two laser-enhanced NVS .50 caliber machine guns.[57] While not identical, the Tomahawk is similar in design to the Marine CH-46 Sea Knight and the Army CH-47 Chinook.

The Marvel Comics version is different in design. There are no seats, but it can carry a passenger capacity of 10. Because of its primary purpose of carrying troops in and out of enemy territory, it became one of the most heavily used G.I. Joe vehicles. It is commonly flown by Lift-Ticket or Wild Bill. Many times the helicopter would work off of the fictional aircraft the USS Flagg, such as in issue #56 when Lift-Ticket brings in a wounded and confused Stalker.[58]

The Tomahawk is a central focus of G.I. Joe Special Missions #17. In relation to a cameo in the previous mission, it had come under fire after a Joe team crosses hostile territory to rescue several colleagues. Despite several of the crew being wounded, including Lift-Ticket himself, they make a successful pick-up and retreat.[59]

In the Devil's Due line of comics, a Tomahawk craft supports the Joe team in the first four issues of the G.I. Joe: Frontline series. It is an insertion craft from a Joe assault team on Destro's Trans-Carpathian castle. An important plot point is that it is compatible with Cobra helicopters, specifically the "Cobra Mamba".[60]

Toss 'n Cross[edit]

The Toss 'n Cross Bridge Layer was released in late 1984 as a Sears exclusive, and entered general retail in 1985.[56] It came packaged with the Tollbooth action figure.[3] The toy, although not a close copy like many others in the series, was inspired by the M60A1.

Triple "T"[edit]

The Triple "T" (Tag Team Terminator) was first released in 1986, packaged with the Sgt. Slaughter action figure.[7] The one-man tank featured two high explosive anti-tank missiles, and a 950 hp turbine engine.[57] It was recast in black and red, and released as the Night Force Night Raider in 1988.[26] In 1993, the original toy was offered as a mail-in vehicle, with magenta colored guns and missiles.[43]

V.A.M.P.[edit]

Main article: V.A.M.P. (G.I. Joe)
V.A.M.P. Mark II

The V.A.M.P. (Vehicle: Attack: Multi Purpose) was part of the original 1982 A Real American Hero release.[61] Packaged with the action figure Clutch, the design was essentially a Jeep, with dual-mounted 7.62mm machine guns that swiveled and elevated.[30] The V.A.M.P. Mark II was released in 1984,[23] and instead of the original's green color and twin machine guns, was instead painted tan and equipped with a quad-mount missile launcher (carrying the fictional Stinger XK-1 missile).[55] A Sears exclusive included the VAMP four-wheeled drive vehicle with the H.A.L. artillery laser.[23] The Vamp Mark II was repainted and released as the Tiger Force Tiger Sting in 1989.[62]

Warthog A.I.F.V.[edit]

The Warthog A.I.F.V. (Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle) was first released in 1988,[13] packaged with the driver Sgt. Slaughter. It featured two large MGM-59 "Lance" surface-to-surface missiles, and an interior bay to hold extra troops.[63]

Wolverine[edit]

The Wolverine Armored Missile Vehicle was first released in 1983,[16] packaged with the action figure Cover Girl. It featured twelve Stinger ground-to-ground missiles, a tow hook, removable engine cover, and rescue cable.[64] It was repainted and fitted with new parts in 1989, and released as the Slaughter's Marauders Lynx.[28]

Other G.I. Joe vehicles[edit]

For Battleforce 2000 vehicles, see Battleforce 2000.
  • A.P.C. – The A.P.C. (Amphibious Personnel Carrier) was first released in 1983.[16] It was the first troop transporter for the Joes, featuring seat belts and a 50mm auto-control cannon, and it held 23 G.I. Joe soldiers.[65] The A.P.C. was recast in black and red, and released as the Night Force Night Scrambler in 1989.[9]
  • Armadillo – The Armadillo mini-tank was first released in 1985.[3] The small all-purpose tank featured 60mm synchronized variable-range cluster cannons.[66] It was repainted and fitted with new parts in 1989, and released as the Slaughter's Marauders Armadillo.[67]
  • Attack Cruiser – The Attack Cruiser was released in 1991. It featured two mines, two missiles, and a launchable attack glider.[68]
  • Badger – The Badger was first released in 1991. It featured all-track radial tires, a 25,000 lb. tow hook with stabilizer, and an auto-fire missile launcher.[69] In 1993, it was recast and released as the "Crimson Cruiser", as part of the Street Fighter II toy line, also produced by Hasbro at the time.[15]
  • Barracuda – The Barracuda submarine was first released in 1992. It featured three "Shredder" torpedoes, movable stabilizer fins, and real diving action caused by included baking soda tablets.[70]
  • Battle Wagon – The Battle Wagon was released in 1991. It featured a detachable missile launcher with twelve missiles, and the vehicle itself was motorized.[69]
  • Bomb Disposal – The Bomb Disposal vehicle was released in 1985. It featured anti-tank mines, a hydraulic claw, and a universal tow hook.[4]
  • Brawler – The Brawler was first released in 1991. It featured fifteen detachable grenades, a missile launcher with two large missiles, and a removable hatch cover.[71]
  • Desert Apache – The Desert Apache AH-74 helicopter was first released in 1992, as part of the Sonic Fighters line. It featured electronic sounds, spring-loaded missile launchers, a 30mm chin gun, and a turbo-shaft thruster.[70]
  • Devilfish – The Devilfish high-speed attack boat was first released in 1986.[7] It featured twin 110 hp jet motors, twin 20mm repeater cannons, two water guided "Captor" torpedoes, and four laser guided "Sea Phoenix" missiles.[8] It was repainted and released as the Tiger Force Tiger Fish in 1989.[62]
  • Eco-Striker – The Eco-Striker was a recast of the A.W.E. Striker vehicle, released in 1992 as part of the Eco-Warriors line. The cannon was replaced by a water-firing gun.[5]
  • Falcon Glider – The G.I. Joe Falcon Glider was first released in 1983,[16] packaged with the tan version of the action figure Grunt.[45]
  • Fort America – Fort America was released in 1992, as part of the Sonic Fighters line. It was a mobile fortress that featured electronic sounds, spring-loaded missile launchers, and transformed from a combat tank into a battle fortress.[5]
  • Hammer – The Hammer was first released in 1990, based on the designs of the GM Hummer vehicle. It featured a removable engine cover, a high-impact pulse cannon, a fully rotational gun turret, and quick slide rear hatches with storage ducts.[72]
  • L.C.V. Recon Sled – The L.C.V. (Low Crawl Vehicle) Recon Sled was first released in 1986.[7][21]
  • Locust – The Locust attack copter/bomber was first released in 1990. It featured four air-to-air missiles, and a tinted blast-proof windscreen canopy. A recolored version of the Locust was also included with the General in 1990.[73]
  • Manta Ray – The Manta Ray was first released in 1994. It was an inflatable attack raft, with three lock-on torpedoes, a front mounted torpedo launcher, and a turbo-blast engine.[6]
  • Mobile Battle Bunker – The Mobile Battle Bunker was first released in 1990. It featured a 5,000 round laser ammunition dispenser, two double-barreled mortar cannons, and a hidden missile rack that popped out from the inside.[73]
  • Monster Blaster A.P.C. – The Monster Blaster A.P.C. (Armored Personnel Carrier) was first released in 1993, as part of the "Mega Marines" line. Designed to be driven by the Mega Marine version of Clutch (sold separately), the heavily armored troop transporter featured a "Lock 'n Load" missile launcher, four heat-seeking missiles, and puncture proof tires.[20]
  • Mudbuster – The Mudbuster was first released in 1993. It was and all-terrain 4x4 battle truck, that featured a "smash 'n bash" bumper, a 360-degree rotating missile launcher, and puncture proof tires.[20]
  • Patriot – The Patriot was first released in 1992. It featured a multi-terrain track system, a quick recoil side machine gun, and triple-barreled laser cannon.[74]
  • Polar Battle Bear – The Polar Battle Bear (Skimobile) was first released in 1983.[16] It featured movable twin 55mm cannons, two heat seeking missiles, a 160 hp V-6 engine, and a tow-hook for vehicle accessories.[75]
  • Radar Rat – The Radar Rat is a battlefield robot released in 1989, with two MM-15 "Flat Face" target guidance dishes, three terminal homing/active radar missiles, and puncture proof tires.[1]
  • R.A.M. – The Rapid Fire Motorcycle was part of the original A Real American Hero release in 1982.[61] It included a Vulcan 20mm Gatling Cannon, a side car, and twin saddle bags.[30] The R.A.M. was recast as a Sears exclusive in 1986, sold as the Dreadnok Ground Assault Motorcycle.[76]
  • Razor-Blade – The Razor-Blade helicopter was first released in 1994. It featured two handles with a connecting string, and by holding one of the handles and pulling the string tight, the helicopter would glide along the string. The vehicle also comes with a figure rescue backpack to "scoop" Joes out of harm's way.[6]
  • R.P.V. – The R.P.V. (Remote Piloted Vehicle) was first released in 1988. The hydraulically operated missile rack could be elevated with the attached remote, and had room for a figure in the driver's seat.[44]
  • Silver Mirage Motorcycle – The Silver Mirage Motorcycle was first released in 1985.[3] It featured a silver finish, and sidecar with gun operator's seat, two ground launch missiles and 10-round mortar launcher.[77]
  • Skyhawk VTOL – The Skyhawk VTOL (Vertical Take-Off and Landing) aircraft was first released in 1984.[23] It featured twin "Thunderclap" cannons, and two air-to-surface rockets.[24] The Skyhawk was recast as a Sears exclusive in 1986, sold as the Dreadnok Air Assault VTOL.[8] It was repainted with chrome parts in 1990, and released as the Sky Patrol Sky Hawk.[78]
  • Storm Eagle – The Storm Eagle A.T.F. (Advanced Tactical Fighter) was released in 1992. It was a one-piece water-shooting jet, with four missiles and rear landing gear.[79]
  • Swamp Masher – The Swamp Masher twelve-wheeled swamp vehicle was first released in 1988.[13] It featured four tri-wheeled tracks for navigating rough terrain, and a 4.3 liter 350 hp engine.[63]
  • Tri-Blaster – The Tri-Blaster is a battlefield robot released in 1989. It is a one-man 4WD vehicle, with a triple-barreled pulse fire laser cannon, and digital communications array.[80]
  • Weapon Transport – The Weapon Transport vehicle was released in 1985. It came with a Force MK88 magnesium cased bomb, and removable bomb trailer.[81]

Marauders[edit]

Unlike other recast and repainted vehicles, the Slaughter's Marauders line borrowed previous G.I. Joe vehicle designs, and added newly minted parts to enhance their camouflaged frames. All three vehicles were released in 1989, and came without an action figure.[67]

  • Armadillo – Based on the Armadillo mini-tank, it featured a missile launcher with stabilizer bar, and six missiles.
  • Equalizer – Based on the Mauler M.B.T., but is not motorized. Instead, it featured a flip-up radar dish, dual missile launchers with six missiles, and dual M-80A anti-lock machine guns.
  • Lynx – Based on the Wolverine tank, but without the missile launchers. Instead, its main weapon was a huge cannon, similar to the one attached to the Mauler M.B.T.

Night Force[edit]

The Night Force vehicles were repaints of existing G.I. Joe and Cobra vehicles, sold exclusively by Toys "R" Us, and designed for "top secret nighttime missions". None of these vehicles included a driver.[63]

  • Night Blaster – The Night Blaster was a repaint of the Cobra Maggot in black and red, and was first released in 1988.[63]
  • Night Boomer – The Night Boomer was a repaint of the G.I. Joe Skystriker in black and red, and was first released in 1989.[46]
  • Night Raider – The Night Raider was a repaint of the Triple "T" in black and red, and was first released in 1988.[26]
  • Night Ray – The Night Ray was a repaint of the Cobra Moray hydrofoil in black and red, and was first released in 1989.[46]
  • Night Scrambler – The Night Scrambler was a repaint of the G.I. Joe A.P.C. in black and red, and was first released in 1989.[9]
  • Night Shade – The Night Shade was a repaint of the G.I. Joe S.H.A.R.C. in black and red, and was first released in 1988.[26]
  • Night Storm – The Night Storm was a repaint of the G.I. Joe Persuader in black and red, and was first released in 1988.[26]
  • Night Striker – The Night Striker was a repaint of the G.I. Joe W.H.A.L.E. in black and red, and was first released in 1988.[26]

Tiger Force[edit]

  • Tiger Cat – The Tiger Cat armored half-track was a repaint of the Snow Cat arctic vehicle. It was first released in 1988, packaged with the Tiger Force version of Frostbite.[13]
  • Tiger Fish – The Tiger Fish was a repaint of the Devilfish high-speed attack boat, and was first released in 1989.[62]
  • Tiger Fly – The Tiger Fly attack helicopter was a repaint of the Dragonfly XH-1 assault copter. It was first released in 1988, packaged with the Tiger Force version of Recondo.[13]
  • Tiger Paw – The Tiger Paw was a repaint of the Cobra Ferret ATV, and was first released in 1988.[19]
  • Tiger Rat – The Tiger Rat attack plane was a repaint of the Cobra Rattler. It was first released in 1988,[13] packaged with the pilot Skystriker.[82]
  • Tiger Shark – The Tiger Shark was a repaint of the Cobra Water Moccasin, and was first released in 1988.[82]
  • Tiger Sting – The Tiger Sting was a repaint of the V.A.M.P Mark II, and was first released in 1989.[62]

Cobra vehicles with drivers[edit]

BUGG[edit]

The Cobra BUGG was first released in 1988, packaged with the driver Secto-Viper.[83] It was an amphibious command vehicle, with a removable two-man hovercraft/submarine, twin cannons, machine guns, anti-aircraft gun, and two missiles.[84]

Condor Z-25[edit]

The Cobra Condor Z-25 was first released in 1989, packaged with the pilot Aero-Viper. The Condor has two different component parts that are detachable at the touch of a button; an attack "wing, and a high-speed aircraft. Other special features included a thumb-wheel bomb dropping mechanism, bomb-bay doors, retractable landing gear, and dual-laser support cannons.[85]

Detonator[edit]

The Cobra Detonator was first released in 1993, packaged with the driver Nitro-Viper. It featured six monster tires, three long-range ICBM rockets, and a targeting seat with AAK gun.[86]

Dictator[edit]

Overlord's Dictator was first released in 1990, packaged with the Overlord action figure. It is a simple combination track and wheeled craft, with rapid-fire .40 caliber machine guns, and low to the ground air-to-surface missiles.[87]

Firebat[edit]

The Cobra Firebat was included with the Terror Drome playset in 1986, packaged with the A.V.A.C. (Air Viper Advanced Class) pilot. A later mail-in version came in a brighter red color, without the A.V.A.C. figure.[57]

Hammerhead[edit]

The Cobra Hammerhead submersible sea tank was first released in 1990, packaged with the driver Decimator. It featured two detachable attack subs with missile firing capabilities, an airtight self-contained control center, a decompression chamber, and an airborne/undersea command module with pivoting radar unit.[88]

H.I.S.S.[edit]

Original Cobra H.I.S.S. tank.

The Cobra H.I.S.S. (Hi Speed Sentry) was first released in 1983, and was packaged with the HISS Driver action figure.[89] It came with twin 90mm "Double Diablo" cannons, which could swivel and elevate. Along with the F.A.N.G. and the Viper Glider, this toy was one of the first three Cobra vehicles to be released, a full year after the initial Joe team vehicles.

As Cobra's primary tracked vehicle, this toy was meant to face-off against the M.O.B.A.T. tank. However, the toy's build quality was significantly lower, and unlike the M.O.B.A.T. toy, the H.I.S.S. toy was not motorized, in fact the "tracks" were made of solid molded plastic.

A version of the Cobra H.I.S.S came with a Cobra Commander figure as part of the Built to Rule line in 2004. The package came with one set of building blocks that could be built into a full sized vehicle. The Cobra Commander figure also featured places on the forearms and calves where blocks could be attached.[90]

The H.I.S.S. was featured prominently in the comics and the first season of the animated series.

H.I.S.S. II[edit]

The Cobra H.I.S.S. II was first released in 1989, packaged with the driver Track Viper. It is an updated version of the original H.I.S.S. tank, and featured a hull that opens to carry Cobra Troopers, a tri-barreled thermal-propulsion cannon, two 100mm armor-piercing laser machine guns, and two surface-hovering "Slam" missiles.[91]

H.I.S.S. III[edit]

The Cobra H.I.S.S. III was first released in 2000. It is a repainted version of the original Cobra H.I.S.S. tank, and includes the driver Rip-It, Cobra's Heavy Equipment Operator.[citation needed]

Hurricane V.T.O.L.[edit]

The Cobra Hurricane V.T.O.L. (Vertical Take-Off and Landing) was first released in 1990, packaged with the pilot Vapor. It featured eleven missiles, dual 75mm cannons, and a VTE-490 pilotless attack drone mounted on its back.[88]

Maggot[edit]

The Cobra Maggot was three vehicles in one. It was first released in 1987, packaged with the driver W.O.R.M.S.[37] It could be separated into a long-range gun emplacement with 155mm cannon, a battlefield control vehicle, and a high-speed attack vehicle with a 1000 hp turbo-diesel engine.[92] It was recast in black and red, and released as the G.I. Joe Night Blaster in 1988.[63]

Mamba[edit]

The Cobra Mamba was a supersonic attack helicopter. It was first released in 1987, packaged with the pilot Gyro-Viper.[37] The Mamba featured two detachable "MOLT" assault pods (Mamba Offensive Light Tactical), six missiles, and a NT-58 turbo-shaft engine.[93]

Moray[edit]

The Cobra Moray hydrofoil was first released in 1985, packaged with the Cobra Lamprey pilot.[3] It featured a V-12 engine, two air-to-water torpedoes, four small missiles with a pop-up launcher, and an array of .30 caliber machine guns.[27] It was recast in black and red, and released as the G.I. Joe Night Ray in 1989.[46]

Night Raven S3P[edit]

The Cobra Night Raven S3P was first released in 1986,[94] packaged with the Strato-Viper action figure.[7] Based on the Blackbird SR-71, the Night Raven featured two twin missile pods, a single person "Drone" recon jet, twin 20mm cannons, and dual Viper Mach 3.5 turbojet engines.[95] It was repainted with chrome parts, and released as the G.I. Joe Sky Raven in 1990.[78]

Rattler[edit]

Cobra Rattler with Wild Weasel
Main article: Rattler (G.I. Joe)

The Cobra Rattler is a VTOL attack aircraft inspired by the USAF A-10 Thunderbolt II. It originally appeared in 1984, packaged with the pilot Wild Weasel,[23] and was intended as Cobra's answer to the Skystriker, which had been added to the toyline a year earlier. It was repainted and released as the G.I. Joe Tiger Rat in 1988.[82]

Sea Ray[edit]

The Cobra Sea Ray was first released in 1987, packaged with the driver Sea Slug.[37] The underwater attack and aerial reconnaissance vehicle featured a two-stage ship with eight "Snake Attack" surface-to-air missiles, two 30mm cannons, and a "Thruster" Mach-2 turbojet engine.[96]

Stellar Stiletto[edit]

The Cobra Stellar Stiletto was first released in 1988, packaged with the pilot Star-Viper.[83] It featured dual "Stellar" main propulsion engines, the capability of exit and re-entry into Earth's atmosphere, and the tail could be maneuvered so that the Stiletto could achieve the semblance of a VTOL (Vertical Take Off and Landing) launch.[97] It was recast and released as the G.I. Joe Starfighter in 1993, as part of the Star Brigade line.[43]

Stinger[edit]

The Cobra Stinger Night Attack 4WD vehicle was first released in 1984.[23] Packaged with the Stinger Driver action figure, it featured four ground-to-air rockets with 360-degree rotation.[55] The Stinger was recast as a Sears exclusive in 1986, sold as the Dreadnok Ground Assault 4WD.[76]

STUN[edit]

The Cobra STUN was first released in 1986, packaged with the Motor-Viper action figure.[7] It was a three-wheeled vehicle, with forward assault pods that split down the center. Each pod was armed with twin "Blazer" rotating laser cannons.[98] It was recast in a red and black cross "Snake Skin" camouflage, and released as the Python STUN in 1989, as part of the Python Patrol line.[67]

Water Moccasin[edit]

The Cobra Water Moccasin swamp cruiser was first released in 1984,[23] packaged with the Copperhead action figure. It featured twin 44mm "Destructor" cannons, 20mm roof-mounted DES-20B twin machine guns, a "Gator" surface torpedo, and a 580 hp engine.[24] It was repainted and released as the G.I. Joe Tiger Shark in 1988.[82]

W.O.L.F.[edit]

The Cobra W.O.L.F. (Winter Operational Light Fighting Vehicle) was first released in 1987, packaged with the driver Ice-Viper.[37] The W.O.L.F. was a winter attack vehicle, and featured four "Wham" surface-to-air missiles and two "Snarl" ski-torpedoes.[93]

Other Cobra vehicles[edit]

For Python Patrol vehicles, see Python Patrol.
  • Adder – The Cobra Adder was first released in 1988, and featured two large "White Heat" surface-to-surface missiles.[99]
  • Buzz Boar – The Buzz Boar underground attack vehicle was first released in 1987.[37][92]
  • C.A.T. – The Cobra C.A.T. (Crimson Attack Tank) was a Sears exclusive first released in 1985.[3] Billed as "A Crimson Guard Weapon", it is a recast of the M.O.B.A.T. in black and red. It was likewise motorized, propelled by a small 2xD battery powered electric motor that drove the tank's tracks, allowing the toy to move forward/reverse and turn under its own power.[4]
  • Devastator – The Devastator is a battlefield robot released in 1989. It featured four "HOTS" (High Output Terrain-Hugging System) missiles, a "Tandem Blaster" .50 caliber machine gun, and hardened steel rear tracks.[80]
  • Earthquake – The Cobra Earthquake was first released in 1992. It was a heavily armored earth mover, that featured three "drop 'n shoot" mortar bombs, a 50mm machine gun, and four surface-to-surface missiles.[100]
  • F.A.N.G. – The F.A.N.G. (Fully Armed Negator Gyrocopter) was first released in 1983.[16] The light-attack helicopter was equipped with four air-to-air heat-seeking rockets, a nose-mounted machine gun turret, and an underbody bomb hardpoint. The F.A.N.G. was designed for quick Cobra raids.[89] Along with the H.I.S.S. and the Viper Glider, this toy was one of the first three Cobra vehicles to be released, a full year after the initial Joe team vehicles. The F.A.N.G. figured prominently in the comics and the first season of the animated series. The F.A.N.G. was also featured in the 1985 G.I. Joe computer game.[18] The F.A.N.G. was recast as a Sears exclusive in 1986, sold as the Dreadnok Air Assault Gyrocopter.[8]
  • F.A.N.G. II – The F.A.N.G. II was first released in 1989, and is an updated version of the original F.A.N.G. helicopter. It features rotating wings, a 20mm long range cannon, and six "AIMZ-33" air-to-air missiles.[91]
  • F.A.N.G. III - The F.A.N.G. III was first released in 2002, and is smaller than the previous two versions. It is armed with twin barrel chain guns, and two missiles, and includes the driver Cobra C.L.A.W.S.[citation needed]
  • Ferret – The Cobra Ferret all-terrain vehicle was first released in 1985.[3] It featured two laser-guided missiles, a .50 caliber machine gun, and a four-cycle fender engine.[101] It was repainted and released as the G.I. Joe Tiger Paw in 1988.[19]
  • Flight Pod – The Cobra Flight Pod (also known as the "Trubble Bubble") was a one-man bubble craft for surveying G.I. Joe from above. It was first released in 1985,[102] and could also be used as a transport for the SNK aerial mine. The Trubble Bubble was heavily utilized on the Sunbow cartoon.[81]
  • Hovercraft – The Cobra Hovercraft is a battlefield robot released in 1989. It featured high-speed rotors, a dual-barreled "Crusher" .50 caliber machine gun, and four "Sailfish" surface torpedoes.[80]
  • Hydro-Sled – The Cobra Hydro-Sled was first released in 1986, and featured a rapid fire 9mm cannon, two guided "Sunk" torpedoes, and a wire-guided "Snag" spear gun.[95]
  • Ice Sabre – The Cobra Ice Sabre was first released in 1991. It featured rear side-mounted anti-aircraft cannons, and a swinging missile launcher system, with laser guidance, and a built in "cap firing" mechanism that would discharge when a missile was fired.[103]
  • Ice Snake – The Cobra Ice Snake is a fast-attack snow vehicle. It was first released in 1993, and featured a spring-action 360-degree rotating missile launcher, a roll-cage canopy, and heavy duty treads.[86]
  • IMP – The Cobra IMP was first released in 1988. It was a one-man tank that carried three Infrared Imaging missiles, and each missile contained eight removable mines secured around the center of the two-stage bombs.[84]
  • Jet Pack – The Cobra Jet Pack was first released in 1987, and featured two jet intakes, two "Neutralizer" air-to-air missiles, and four 25mm machine guns.[92]
  • Liquidator – The Cobra Liquidator A.T.F. (Advanced Tactical Fighter) was released in 1992. It was a one-piece water-shooting jet, with four missiles and rear landing gear.[104] It is based on the Saab 35 Draken fighter jet.[citation needed]
  • Night Landing – The Cobra Night Landing was an infiltration device for night missions, and was released in 1985.[27]
  • Paralyzer – The Cobra Paralyzer was first released in 1991. It was a tracked assault vehicle that featured a swiveling battle turret with 360-degree rotation, a double-barreled concussion cannon, and three missiles.[103] In 1993, it was recast and released as the "Sonic Boom Tank", as part of the Street Fighter II toy line, also produced by Hasbro at the time.[43]
  • Parasite – The Cobra Parasite was first released in 1992. It was an armored personnel carrier, that featured a "bomb firing catapult" with three gyro-catapult bombs, a rotating laser chin gun, and could carry up to 17 figures.[104]
  • Piranha – The Cobra Piranha was first released in 1990. It featured surface-skimming missiles, a removable machine gun emplacement, a 12,000 hp engine, and a high-velocity depth charge launcher.[87]
  • Pogo – The Cobra Pogo (Ballistic Battle Ball) was a one-man attack vehicle. It was first released in 1987,[37] and featured maneuverability with its three resilient landing pods, and rotating machine gun turret.[93] It was recast and released in 1993 as the Cobra Invader, as part of the Star Brigade line.[20]
  • Rage – The Cobra Rage tank was first released in 1990. It featured four air-to-air missiles, a 25-valve thruster engine, and a movable turret with a long-range dual-barreled concussion cannon.[105]
  • Rat – The Cobra Rat was first released in 1992. It was a high-speed attack hovercraft, and featured launchable anti-aircraft flak rotors with stabilizer control spokes.[106]
  • Scorpion – The Cobra Scorpion was first released in 1994. It featured a 360-degree rotating missile launcher, a pivoting Gatling gun, and a fuel-injected V8 engine.[107]
  • Septic Tank – The Cobra Septic Tank was released in 1991, as part of the Eco-Warriors line. It featured a hydro powered sludge liquifier/compressor, and color change battle damage. The body of the Septic Tank was created by modifying the mold of the original H.I.S.S. tank, and the compressor could be fed water through a hose, like a water pistol.[108]
  • S.M.S. – The Cobra S.M.S. (Sentry and Missile System) was a Sears exclusive first released in 1985.[3] Billed as "A Crimson Guard Weapon", it is a recast of the Cobra H.I.S.S. in red, with a bonus M.M.S. in red and black for the sentry to tow.[77]
  • Viper Glider – The Cobra Viper Glider was first released in 1983, packaged with the Viper Pilot action figure. The Viper Glider is a re-paint of the G.I. Joe Falcon Glider.[64] Along with the F.A.N.G. and the H.I.S.S., this toy was one of the first three Cobra vehicles to be released, a full year after the initial Joe team vehicles.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 143.
  2. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 165.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Santelmo 1994, p. 105.
  4. ^ a b c Bellomo 2005, p. 55.
  5. ^ a b c Bellomo 2005, p. 206.
  6. ^ a b c Bellomo 2005, p. 253.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Santelmo 1994, p. 108.
  8. ^ a b c d Bellomo 2005, p. 76.
  9. ^ a b c Bellomo 2005, p. 152.
  10. ^ Santelmo 1994, p. 112-113.
  11. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 99.
  12. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 147.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Santelmo 1994, p. 119.
  14. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 121.
  15. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 238.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Santelmo 1994, p. 99.
  17. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 26.
  18. ^ a b c d Roberts, Matt. "G.I. Joe for Personal Computers". YoJoe.com. Retrieved 2010-03-20. 
  19. ^ a b c d Bellomo 2005, p. 129.
  20. ^ a b c d Bellomo 2005, p. 239.
  21. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 78.
  22. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 172.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i Santelmo 1994, p. 100.
  24. ^ a b c Bellomo 2005, p. 42.
  25. ^ "Does the G.I. Joe Killer WHALE float?". 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h Bellomo 2005, p. 128.
  27. ^ a b c Bellomo 2005, p. 57.
  28. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 154.
  29. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 122.
  30. ^ a b c Santelmo 1994, p. 95.
  31. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 17.
  32. ^ Market Evolution in Developing Countries: The Unfolding of the Indian Market. Books.google.com. 1993-12-21. ISBN 9781560243601. Retrieved 2012-09-17. 
  33. ^ G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero #1 (June 1982)
  34. ^ G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero #5 (November 1982)
  35. ^ King, Stephen (2009). The Tommyknockers. Paw Prints. p. 275. ISBN 1-4420-0618-8. 
  36. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 149.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g Santelmo 1994, p. 113.
  38. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 124.
  39. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 150.
  40. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 125.
  41. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 44.
  42. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 174.
  43. ^ a b c d Bellomo 2005, p. 241.
  44. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 126.
  45. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 28.
  46. ^ a b c d Bellomo 2005, p. 151.
  47. ^ G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero #34 (April 1985)
  48. ^ G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero #40-41 (October 1985)
  49. ^ "The Wrong Stuff". G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero.
  50. ^ "Battle for the Train of Gold". G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero.
  51. ^ Sky Striker XP-21F at YOJOE.com Retrieved 2014-09-10
  52. ^ Starscream Sky Striker at YOJOE.com Retrieved 2014-09-10
  53. ^ Night Boomer at YOJOE.com Retrieved 2014-09-10
  54. ^ Autobot Jetfire at YOJOE.com Retrieved 2014-09-10
  55. ^ a b c Bellomo 2005, p. 45.
  56. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 59.
  57. ^ a b c Bellomo 2005, p. 79.
  58. ^ G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero #56 (February 1987)
  59. ^ G.I. Joe Special Missions #17 (1988)
  60. ^ G.I. Joe: Frontline #1-4
  61. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 18.
  62. ^ a b c d Bellomo 2005, p. 155.
  63. ^ a b c d e Bellomo 2005, p. 127.
  64. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 34.
  65. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 25.
  66. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 54.
  67. ^ a b c Bellomo 2005, p. 153.
  68. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 188.
  69. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 189.
  70. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 202.
  71. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 190.
  72. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 170.
  73. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 171.
  74. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 209.
  75. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 32.
  76. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 77.
  77. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 58.
  78. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 173.
  79. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 207.
  80. ^ a b c Bellomo 2005, p. 144.
  81. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 60.
  82. ^ a b c d Bellomo 2005, p. 130.
  83. ^ a b Santelmo 1994, p. 121.
  84. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 119.
  85. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 145.
  86. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 237.
  87. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 167.
  88. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 166.
  89. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 27.
  90. ^ Cobra H.I.S.S. w/ Cobra Commander at YOJOE.com Retrieved 2012-04-25
  91. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 146.
  92. ^ a b c Bellomo 2005, p. 92.
  93. ^ a b c Bellomo 2005, p. 93.
  94. ^ G.I. Joe marches to top of best-seller list; buyers representing 5,400 stores nationwide cast votes in 4th annual PLAYTHINGS' survey, Playthings; Dec 1, 1986
  95. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 73.
  96. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 100.
  97. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 120.
  98. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 74.
  99. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 118.
  100. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 203.
  101. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 56.
  102. ^ Santelmo 1994, p. 107.
  103. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 191.
  104. ^ a b Bellomo 2005, p. 204.
  105. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 168.
  106. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 205.
  107. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 254.
  108. ^ Bellomo 2005, p. 192.

References[edit]

  • Bellomo, Mark (2005). The Ultimate Guide to G.I. Joe 1982–1994. Krause Publications. ISBN 978-0-89689-922-3. 
  • Santelmo, Vincent (1994). The Official 30th Anniversary Salute To G.I. Joe 1964–1994. Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-301-6. 

External links[edit]