Constitutional Right Party

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The Constitutional Right Party (Finnish: Perustuslaillinen Oikeistopuolue, Swedish: Konstitutionella högerpartiet) was a conservative anticommunist political party in Finland. The party was founded in 1973 by the parliamentarian Georg C. Ehrnrooth as a right-wing split from the Swedish People's Party (SFP). The party had around 4,000 members.[1] Until 1980 the party was known as the Constitutional People's Party (Finnish: Perustuslaillinen Kansanpuolue, Swedish: Konstitutionella Folkpartiet). The party was founded as a response to SFP and the only major right-wing party, National Coalition, backing the re-election of President Urho Kekkonen by emergency law, simply for convenience and despite the lack of any national emergency. Ehrnrooth saw this as a sign of Finlandization, and held that the constitution was being circumvented and the people left out of the process.

The party contested the 1975 parliament election, obtaining 1.6% of the national vote and winning one seat. In the 1979 parliament election the party won 1.2% of the votes but no seat.[1] The most seats the party ever held were two (1973–75 and 1986–87), although in both cases, one seat was gained by a defection.

At the Finnish presidential election, 1978, the party supported Ahti Salonen, a social democrat critical of Kekkonen and SDP's support of Kekkonen. At the 1982 election, however, the party supported Mauno Koivisto, in order to ensure Ahti Karjalainen, whom they regarded as too Soviet-friendly, would not succeed as a 'dark horse'.

Leaders[edit]

Chairmen[edit]

Party secretaries[edit]

Vice chairmen[edit]

Elections[edit]

Results
Parliament
Year MPs Votes
1975 1 45 402 1.65%
1979 0 34 958 1.21%
1983 1 11 104 0.37%
1987 0 3 096 0.11%
1991 0 7 599 0.28%
Local council
Year Councillors Votes
1976 14 23 076 0.86%
1980 8 13 478 0.49%
1984 5 9 858 0.37%
1988 1 4 672 0.18%
1992 1 4 233 0.16%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wende, Frank. Lexikon zur Geschichte der Parteien in Europa. Stuttgart: Kröner, 1981. p. 156
  2. ^ a b Eero Ojanen: Koivisto Need Not Be Criticized in Finland (Helsingin Sanomat 20.10.1983) teoksessa JPRS West Europe Report 21.11.1983 U.S. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
  3. ^ a b Pop ei ole enää piikki porvareiden lihassa Helsingin Sanomat 10.5.1992
  4. ^ Perustuslaillisille uusi johtaja Helsingin Sanomat 23.4.1993
  5. ^ a b c d Perustuslaillisten puoluesihteeri vaihtui Helsingin Sanomat 8.5.1990
  6. ^ Metsänhoitaja Panu Toivonen Helsingin Sanomat 8.9.2006
  7. ^ Kullervo Rainio Jyväskylän kaupunginkirjasto
  8. ^ a b Marit Ingves: Ehrnrooth: ”Resolutions Do Not Control Terrorism” (Hufvudstadsbladet 27.4.1986) teoksessa JPRS West Europe Report 25.6.1986 U.S. Foreign Broadcast Information Service