List of political parties in Finland

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This article lists political parties in Finland. Finland has a strong multi-party system with coalition governments formed usually by the largest party. Parties who are not in government are called the opposition.

The party system has been rather stable since the foundation of the parliament (1907) and independence (1917), as parties founded then or their breakoff factions have consistently held the overwhelming majority in the parliament. The establishment of the Green League is the exception.

Registered political parties[edit]

Under Finnish law, a political association that fulfils certain conditions may become an officially registered party. A registered party may nominate candidates in all national and local elections, and a party that is represented in parliament is entitled to a government subsidy relative to its number of seats. To qualify as a registered party, an association must have bylaws guaranteeing democratic internal organization and must be able to present 5,000 signatures from supporters who are eligible to vote. A party that fails to win a single seat in two consecutive parliamentary elections is stricken from the register but may apply again. (In contrast, a voluntary association has a requirement of 20,000 supporters and is not eligible for party subsidy.)

Name
in English
Name
in Finnish
Name
in Swedish
Abbr.[1] Leader MPs[2] Founded
Parliamentary parties
National Coalition Party Kansallinen Kokoomus Samlingspartiet Kok. Jyrki Katainen 44 1918
Christian Democrats of Finland Suomen Kristillisdemokraatit Kristdemokraterna i Finland KD Päivi Räsänen 6 1958
Finns Party Perussuomalaiset Sannfinländarna PS Timo Soini 39 19951
Centre Party Suomen Keskusta Centern i Finland Kesk. Juha Sipilä 35 1906
Swedish People's Party of Finland Suomen ruotsalainen kansanpuolue Svenska folkpartiet i Finland RKP Carl Haglund 9 + 12 19063
Social Democratic Party of Finland Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen Puolue Finlands Socialdemokratiska Parti SDP Jutta Urpilainen 42 1899
Left Alliance Vasemmistoliitto Vänsterförbundet Vas. Paavo Arhinmäki 12 19904
Green League Vihreä liitto Gröna förbundet Vihr. Ville Niinistö 10 1987
Extraparliamentary parties
For the Poor Köyhien Asialla För de fattigas väl Köyh. Terttu Savola 2002
Independence Party Itsenäisyyspuolue Självständighetspartiet IPU Antti Pesonen 1994
Workers Party of Finland Suomen työväenpuolue Finlands Arbetarparti STP Juhani Tanski 1999
Pirate Party Piraattipuolue Piratpartiet PP Harri Kivistö 2008
Change 2011 Muutos 2011 Förändring 2011 M11 Marjukka Kaakkola 2009
Freedom Party Vapauspuolue (VP) – Suomen tulevaisuus Frihetspartiet VP Lisbet Puttonen 2009
Communist Party of Finland Suomen kommunistinen puolue Finlands kommunistiska parti SKP Yrjö Hakanen 1994 (1985)5
Communist Workers' Party – For Peace and Socialism Kommunistinen Työväenpuolue – Rauhan ja Sosialismin puolesta Kommunistiska Arbetarpartiet – För Fred och Socialism KTP Hannu Harju 1988
1 Predecessor: Rural Party of Finland founded 1959 by Veikko Vennamo.
2 The Member of Parliament from the region of Åland is usually counted towards the Swedish member count regardless of Åland party affiliation.
3 The Swedish Party (1870–1906), considered a predecessor, was in the Diet of Finland.
4 Merged Communist Party of Finland (1918), Finnish People's Democratic League (1944), Democratic Alternative (1986) and Finnish Women's Democratic League.
5 A breakoff faction of the old Communist Party of Finland, originally broken off in mid-1980s.

Other national parties[edit]

Historical political parties[edit]

Parties in parliament[edit]

Parties outside parliament[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kotimaisten kielten tutkimuskeskus/Raija Moilanen. Puolueiden nimilyhenteet. http://www.kotus.fi/index.phtml?s=835
  2. ^ Finnish Ministry of Justice: http://www.vaalit.fi/

External links[edit]