Continental IO-360

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For a similarly named and broadly similar engine by another manufacturer, see Lycoming O-360.
IO-360
Continental IO360D.JPG
Continental IO-360-D
Type Piston aero-engine
National origin United States
Manufacturer Teledyne Continental Motors
First run 1962
Major applications Cessna T-41 Mescalero
Piper PA-34 Seneca
Cirrus SR20

The Continental IO-360 is a family of fuel-injected air-cooled, six-cylinder aircraft engines manufactured by Continental Motors in the United States of America, now part of AVIC International since 2010.[1][2]

The engine is available in both normally aspirated, fuel injected IO-360 model and a turbocharged TSIO-360 versions. It is also available in both left and right hand rotation versions for use on twin-engined aircraft.[3]

There was no carbureted version of this engine, which would have been designation O-360, therefore the base model is the IO-360.[4][5]

History[edit]

The IO-360 was first certified by the Federal Aviation Administration on 15 May 1962 to the CAR 13 certification standard, effective June 15, 1956, as amended by 13-1 thru 13-3. The engine is produced by Continental under Production Certificate No. 508.[4]

The turbocharged TSIO-360 series was first certified on 11 October 1966 to the Federal Aviation Regulations Part 33 standard effective February 1, 1965, as amended by 33-1. This series is manufactured under Production Certificate No. 7, except the TSIO-360-D which is under Production Certificate No. 508.[5]

Variants[edit]

IO-360[edit]

IO-360-A
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Base IO-360 model: a six-cylinder air-cooled, horizontally opposed direct drive, fuel injected engine. Uses a TCM 639230A3 fuel injector. The crankshaft has two 6th order dampers.[4]
IO-360-AB
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639230A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-A except for modified crankshaft. The crankshaft has one 6th and one 4½ order damper.[4]
Continental IO-360-AF
IO-360-AF
180 hp (134 kW), designed to run on lower octane fuels such as the proposed 94UL avgas. The designation of "AF" stands for alternative fuel. The version incorporates lower-compression pistons, giving a 7.5 to 1 compression ratio and a revised fuel injection system.[6]
IO-360-B
180 hp (134 kW) at 2700 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 80/87 avgas, compression ratio 6.0:1. Uses a TCM 639230A3 or 6006 fuel injector. Same as IO-360-A except for reduced compression ratio and rated power. The crankshaft has two 6th order dampers.[4]
IO-360-C
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-D except for accessory drive provisions. The crankshaft has two 6th order dampers.[4]
IO-360-CB
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-C except for modified crankshaft. The crankshaft has one 6th and one 4½ order damper.[4]
IO-360-D
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-A except for power rating and oil cooled pistons. The crankshaft has two 6th order dampers.[4]
Rolls-Royce Continental IO-360-D
Licence production in the United Kingdom by Rolls-Royce
IO-360-DB
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-D except for modified crankshaft. The crankshaft has one 6th and one 4½ order damper.[4]
IO-360-E
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-D except for oil sump and suction tube. The crankshaft has two 6th order dampers.[4]
Continental IO-360-ES fitted to a Cirrus SR20
IO-360-ES
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Same as the IO-360-HB except for the modified spider induction system and the use of a TCM 639289A95 fuel injector. The crankshaft has one 6th and one 4½ order damper.[4]
IO-360-G
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-C except for crankshaft counterweight tuning. The crankshaft has one 6th and one 4½ order damper.[4]
IO-360-GB
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-G except for modified crankshaft. The crankshaft has one 6th and one 4½ order damper.[4]
IO-360-H
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-D except for crankshaft counterweight tuning. The crankshaft has one 6th and one 4½ order damper.[4]
IO-360-HB
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-H except for modified crankshaft. The crankshaft has one 6th and one 4½ order damper.[4]
IO-360-J
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-H except for power rating. The crankshaft has one 6th and one 4½ order damper.[4]
IO-360-JB
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-J except for modified crankshaft. The crankshaft has one 6th and one 4½ order damper.[4]
IO-360-K
195 hp (145 kW) at 2600 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-H except for power rating. The crankshaft has one 6th and one 4½ order damper.[4]
IO-360-KB
195 hp (145 kW) at 2600 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 8.5:1. Uses a TCM 639231A3 fuel injector. Same as the IO-360-K except for modified crankshaft. The crankshaft has one 6th and one 4½ order damper.[4]

TSIO-360[edit]

TSIO-360-A
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Base TSIO-360 model: a six-cylinder air-cooled, horizontally opposed direct drive, fuel injected, tuned induction, turbocharged engine with internal piston cooling oil jets.[5]
TSIO-360-AB
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-A except for a modified crankshaft.[5]
TSIO-360-B
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-A except for accessory drive provisions.[5]
TSIO-360-BB
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-B except for modified crankshaft and different dampers.[5]
TSIO-360-C
225 hp (168 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-A except for rating, crankshaft dampers provision for cabin pressurization.[5]
TSIO-360-CB
225 hp (168 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-C except for a modified crankshaft.[5]
TSIO-360-D
225 hp (168 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-C except for cabin pressurization.[5]
TSIO-360-DB
225 hp (168 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-D except for a modified crankshaft.[5]
TSIO-360-E
215 hp (160 kW) at 2575 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-C except for rating, engine mounted turbocharger, freon compressor drive and cabin pressurization.[5]
TSIO-360-EB
215 hp (160 kW) at 2575 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-E except for a modified crankshaft.[5]
TSIO-360-F
200 hp (149 kW) at 2575 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-E except for the power output rating and the exhaust system configuration.[5]
TSIO-360-FB
200 hp (149 kW) at 2575 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-F except for a modified crankshaft.[5]
TSIO-360-G
210 hp (157 kW) at 2700 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-E except for the power output rating and the exhaust system configuration.[5]
TSIO-360-GB
210 hp (157 kW) at 2700 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-G except for a modified crankshaft.[5]
TSIO-360-H
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-G except for rating and cabin pressurization.[5]
TSIO-360-HB
210 hp (157 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-H except for a modified crankshaft.[5]
TSIO-360-JB
225 hp (168 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-HB except for the increased power output rating.[5]
TSIO-360-KB
220 hp (164 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-EB except for the increased power output rating.[5]
TSIO-360-LB
210 hp (157 kW) at 2700 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-GB but with a larger throttle body, larger induction elbows, relocated overboost valve, magneto pressurization and an exhaust muffler.[5]
TSIO-360-MB
210 hp (157 kW) at 36" mp and 2700 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-LB except for intercooler, wastegate controller, maximum manifold pressure, and cluster manifold.[5]
TSIO-360-NB
210 hp (157 kW) at 2700 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-LB except for an intercooler.[5]
TSIO-360-PB
200 hp (149 kW) at 2600 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-MB but not equipped with an intercooler.[5]
TSIO-360-RB
220 hp (164 kW) at 2600 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, RH95/130 or B95/130 CIS, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-KB except the manifold pressure is controlled with a wastegate controller, an intercooler is installed in the induction system, and uses a Precision Airmotive RSA-5AD2 fuel injection servo.[5]
TSIO-360-SB
220 hp (164 kW) at 39" mp and 2600 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-MB except for the manifold pressure, RPM, and power output rating.[5]

LTSIO-360[edit]

LTSIO-360-E
215 hp (160 kW) at 2575 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-E except for direction of rotation.[5]
LTSIO-360-EB
215 hp (160 kW) at 2575 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the LTSIO-360-E except for a modified crankshaft.[5]
LTSIO-360-KB
220 hp (164 kW) at 2800 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the LTSIO-360-EB except for the increased power output rating.[5]
LTSIO-360-RB
220 hp (164 kW) at 2600 rpm, Minimum fuel grade 100 or 100LL avgas, RH95/130 or B95/130 CIS, compression ratio 7.50:1. Same as the TSIO-360-RB except for direction of rotation.[5]

Applications[edit]

Specifications (IO-360-A)[edit]

Data from TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. E1CE[4]

General characteristics

  • Type: 6-cylinder, fuel injected, horizontally opposed, piston engine
  • Bore: 4.438 (112 mm)
  • Stroke: 3.875 (98 mm)
  • Displacement: 360 in³ (5.90 L)
  • Dry weight: 294 lb (133 kg)

Components

  • Fuel type: minimum 100LL Avgas

Performance

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ AvWeb Staff (December 2010). "Teledyne-Continental Bought by Chinese Interests". AvWeb. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  2. ^ Teledyne Technologies Incorporated (December 2010). "Teledyne Technologies Agrees to Sell Teledyne Continental Motors to AVIC International". Business Wire. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Taylor 1976, pp. 792–793
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Federal Aviation Administration (September 2007). "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. E1CE Revision 15". Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Federal Aviation Administration (July 2008). "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. E9CE Revision 20". Retrieved 2009-01-18. 
  6. ^ Bertorelli, Paul (September 2011). "Continental Introduces New Lower-Octane Engine". AVweb. Retrieved 14 September 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Taylor, J.W.R. (ed.). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1976-77. London: Jane's, 1976. ISBN 0-354-00538-3.

External links[edit]