Crewe and Nantwich by-election, 2008
The Crewe and Nantwich by-election, 2008 was a parliamentary by-election held on 22 May 2008, for the British House of Commons constituency of Crewe and Nantwich, in Cheshire, England. The election was won by the Conservative party candidate Edward Timpson, who defeated the Labour party candidate Tamsin Dunwoody, on a swing from Labour to Conservative of 17.6%, a swing that in a general election would see nine Labour cabinet ministers lose their seats. At the time of the by-election, a swing of 7% in a general election would have seen the Conservatives gain an overall majority over Labour. This was the first seat gained by the Conservatives in a by-election since the Mitcham and Morden by-election, 1982.
The by-election was called following the death on 17 April 2008 of the sitting MP Gwyneth Dunwoody. The timing of the election caused controversy as, by convention, by-elections are not moved until after the funeral of the deceased Member of Parliament, which drew protests from Conservative and Liberal Democrat members in the House of Commons. However the writ was moved with the approval of the Dunwoody family.
The election had attracted high media and public interest following heavy defeats for the incumbent Labour party in the local elections held earlier that same month, and the fact it followed the controversial removal by the Labour government of the 10 pence national income tax band, which had seen a backbench rebellion against the prime minister Gordon Brown, causing an announcement in the same month of a recovery package to help the people left worse off by the move.
Immediately following the announcement of the result following the speeches, the defeated Tamsin Dunwoody speaking live to the BBC blamed the swing on a higher turn-out than usual due to the high interest in the election, despite both the turnout and winning vote being lower than the 2005 general election result for this seat. Telling the BBC the Labour vote "held up" in a "democratic decision", defeated Labour candidate Tasmin Dunwoody called herself a "fighter". New MP Edward Timpson said in his victory speech that he would "not let you down". The Prime Minister Gordon Brown attributed the defeat to rising petrol prices, and the recent increases in the cost of living.
|Crewe and Nantwich by-election, 2008|
|Liberal Democrat||Elizabeth Shenton||6,040||14.6||–4.0|
|English Democrats||David Roberts||275||0.7||n/a|
|Monster Raving Loony||The Flying Brick||236||0.6||n/a|
|Cut Tax on Diesel and Petrol||Paul Thorogood||118||0.3||n/a|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||17.6%|
On 3 May 2008, incumbent Gwyneth Dunwoody's daughter Tamsin, a former Welsh assembly member, was selected as the Labour candidate. Prior to Dunwoody's death, the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats had already selected candidates to contest the seat at the general election. The Conservative Party candidate Edward Timpson was a barrister practising in Chester. Since 2006, he had been the Conservative Party's campaigns co-ordinator for the Eddisbury constituency. The Liberal Democrat candidate Elizabeth Shenton had worked as a senior manager for the RBS and Natwest, where she was an active member of the trade union. At the time of the election she was also a councillor in Newcastle-under-Lyme.
The UK Independence Party candidate was Mike Nattrass, MEP for the nearby West Midlands and a former deputy party leader. Robert Smith, a 23-year-old town planner (and transport planning specialist) educated at the University of Liverpool stood for the Green Party of England and Wales and particularly campaigned to reverse the privatisation of British Rail (and associated fare increases).
The Official Monster Raving Loony Party stood "The Flying Brick" (his legal name, although he was formerly known as Nick Delves), the party's treasurer and Shadow Minister for the Abolition of Gravity (see Official Monster Raving Loony Party#Crewe and Nantwich By-Election). Independent candidate Mark Walklate is a locally educated salesperson (with a business degree) who stood for the Conservatives in the 2006 and 2007 council elections. Paul Thorogood's party, Cut Tax on Petrol and Diesel, was registered with the Electoral Commission on 23 March 2008, with Thorogood as its Leader, Nominating Officer and Treasurer, although his party is listed on the nomination paper as "Cut Tax on Diesel and Petrol" (the fourth and sixth words reversed). The newly formed Beauties for Britain Party fielded Gemma Garrett, the then Miss Great Britain, as a candidate in what was their first election campaign, announcing that they wanted to "help make Westminster as glamorous a place as its fellow European legislatures, where beautiful women abound in the higher echelons of government". The party was not, however, registered with the Electoral Commission, so she had to stand as an independent. Garrett and fellow independent Mark Walklate are recorded as having no party name or description at all on the official record of candidates as opposed to having the word, 'Independent' by their names on the ballot paper.
The Labour Party ran a personal class-based campaign against the Conservative candidate, calling him "the Tarporley Toff", "Lord Snooty", "Tory Boy Timpson". Labour supporters donned top hats to mock Timpson, whose family own Timpson, a national shoe repair and key-cutting business. This has been viewed by some social commentators as a form of reverse snobbery. Dunwoody, who arrived for the campaign from her 6-acre (24,000 m2) holding in Wales, was termed "One of us", as she was daughter of the deceased Labour MP. The campaign was criticised by a number of national newspapers, including the left-leaning Guardian as well as The Times, while Dunwoody herself was confronted by Jeremy Paxman on Newsnight over the fact that she has an entry in Burke's Peerage and Baronetage.
On the last day of the campaign, the accidental communication by a Conservative party worker of voting intention data of 8,000 people to a radio station sparked an investigation by the Information Commissioner into possible breaches of data protection laws.
The constituency was held by Gwyneth Dunwoody for Labour since its creation in 1983. Just three parties contested the seat at the 2005 UK general election. Dunwoody held the seat with a reduced majority, while both the Conservative Party and Liberal Democrats enjoyed an increase in their vote share.
|General Election 2005: Crewe and Nantwich|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Roberts||8,083||18.6||+5.1|
- Nine cabinet ministers would be out with this swing - Daily Mail, 23 May 2008
- Behind the big win in Crewe lies an even bigger Tory task The Times, 25 May 2008
- Row over by-election announcement- BBC News, 30 April 2008
- Dunwoody: still making trouble The Guardian, 1 May 2008
- "Statement of persons nominated" (PDF). Crewe and Nantwich Borough Council.
- "Crewe & Nantwich By-Election, 2008". Crewe and Nantwich Borough Council. The total of the votes cast for all candidates is 41,498, or 41,565 including spoilt ballots, which does not match the official total of 41,856 given by Crewe and Nantwich Borough Council.
- "Crewe within Tories' grasp - poll". BBC News. 11 May 2008. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- Hennessy, Patrick (18 May 2008). "Gordon Brown staring at disaster in Crewe and Nantwich by-election". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- "Gwyneth’s daughter aims to be next Crewe and Nantwich MP". Crewe and Nantwich Guardian. 3 May 2008.
- "UK Polling Report: Crewe and Nantwich".
- Edward Timpson - Profile, Conservative Party
- Elizabeth Shenton biog Elizabeth Shenton website
- UKIP to fight Crewe by-election UK Independence Party
- "Transport expert Robert Smith to contest Crewe by-election" (Press release). Green Party of England and Wales. 8 May 2008.
- "Greens hit out at excessive rail fare rises". Crewe and Nantwich Guardian. 19 May 2008.
- "Robert Smith Green Party". Crewe Chronicle. 21 May 2008.
- "Mark Walklate (Independent)". Crewe Chronicle. 13 May 2008.
- Electoral Commission. "Register of political parties: Cut Tax on Petrol and Diesel". Retrieved 12 May 2008.
- Beauty queen targets Parliament BBC News, 5 May 2008
- "Don't be conned by Tory Boy". Crewe and Nantwich Labour.
- MacIntyre, Ben (21 May 2008). "Attempts to stir class war backfire for Labour in Crewe & Nantwich". The Times. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- "Worth Gambling?". Crewe and Natwich Labour.
- Freedland, Jonathan (21 May 2008). "Attacks on toffs will ring hollow until Labour proves its meritocratic mettle". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- Finkelstein, Daniel (21 May 2008). "Toff stunt is the end for New Labour". The Times. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- "Preview Family Record". Burke's Peerage and Gentry.
- "Inquiry into Tory e-mail blunder". BBC News. 21 May 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2008. "(Deputy Information Commissioner) Mr Smith said: "It is a serious concern if people's personal details and voting intentions have got into the public domain.""
- Labour's Member of Parliament - Gwyneth Dunwoody, Crewe and Nantwich Labour Party
- 2005 Result: Crewe & Nantwich, BBC News
- Nick The Flying Brick candidate's website including manifesto
- Tamsin Dunwoody official campaign page
- Mike Nattrass official website
- David Roberts English Democrats announcement of candidacy
- Elizabeth Shenton official campaign page
- Robert Smith Green Party announcement of candidacy
- Paul Thorogood Cut Tax on Petrol and Diesel by-election page
- Edward Timpson campaign website
- Election leaflets from the by-election campaign