Crocus flavus

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Crocus flavus
Crocus flavus ssp flavus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Crocoideae
Genus: Crocus
Species: C. flavus
Binomial name
Crocus flavus

Crocus flavus (syn. Crocus luteus, Crocus aureus Sibth. & Sm.), (Dutch yellow crocus) is a species of flowering plant of the Crocus genus in the Iridaceae family. It grows wild on the slopes of Greece, former Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania and northwestern Turkey,[1] with fragrant bright orange-yellow flowers which Tennyson likened to a fire. It is a small crocus (5–6 cm (2–2 in), despite the names of some cultivars, compared to the Giant Dutch crocuses (C. vernus). Its cultivars are used as ornamental plants.

The Latin specific epithet flavus means "pure yellow".[2]

C. flavus naturalises well in the garden, and its cultivars are used as ornamental plants. The subspecies C. flavus subsp. flavus has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3]

  1. Crocus flavus subsp. dissectus T.Baytop & B.Mathew - western Turkey
  2. Crocus flavus subsp. flavus - Greece, Turkey, Balkans; naturalized in Utah
  3. Crocus flavus subsp. sarichinarensis Rukšans - Turkey


Examples: 'Golden Yellow' (syn. 'Dutch Yellow', 'Yellow Mammoth')



  1. ^ a b c "Crocus flavus". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  2. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Crocus flavus subsp. flavus". Retrieved 17 June 2013. 

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