Crossville, Illinois

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Coordinates: 38°9′47″N 88°4′0″W / 38.16306°N 88.06667°W / 38.16306; -88.06667
Crossville
Village
Country United States
State Illinois
County White
Coordinates 38°9′47″N 88°4′0″W / 38.16306°N 88.06667°W / 38.16306; -88.06667
Area 0.64 sq mi (2 km2)
 - land 0.64 sq mi (2 km2)
 - water 0.00 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 745 (2010)
Density 1,217.1 / sq mi (470 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62827
Area code 618
Location of Crossville within Illinois
Location of Crossville within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Crossville, Illinois

Crossville is a village in White County, Illinois, United States. The population was 745 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Crossville was laid out by surveyor John Mills in 1872 for Thomas Cross and Silas Elliott, and named for Thomas Cross. The original plat was one half mile square (160 acres or a quarter section), located in Section 23, Township 4 South, Range 10 East of the 3rd Principal Meridian.[1]

The town's existence is closely tied to the opening of the Cairo and Vincennes Railroad on December 9, 1872. In 1853 the Vincennes and Paducah Railway Company was formed for the purpose of creating a railroad through the area, but that venture didn't succeed. In 1857 the Illinois Southern Railway Company took up the idea, with a plan that originally contemplated routing the railroad through Phillipstown, but local land owners Stephen Fitzgerald and Solomon Charles refused to donate land to the Railway. Instead, in 1857 Thomas Cross donated right-of-way through the center of what would later become Crossville. The railroad project was stalled during the Civil War, but in 1867 the Cairo and Vincennes Railway Company was formed and work on the railroad proceeded in earnest.[2][3]

The town was incorporated on 30 Sep 1895, and the town charter was filed on October 12, 1895, at 11:05am.[4]

Geography[edit]

Crossville is located at 38°9′47″N 88°4′0″W / 38.16306°N 88.06667°W / 38.16306; -88.06667 (38.163001, -88.066671).[5]

According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 0.64 square miles (1.7 km2), all land.[6]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 782 people, 341 households, and 220 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,217.1 people per square mile (471.8/km²). There were 388 housing units at an average density of 603.9 per square mile (234.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.70% White, 1.15% Native American, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.

There were 341 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the village the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $31,202, and the median income for a family was $35,972. Males had a median income of $33,000 versus $17,250 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,835. About 10.9% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inter-State Publishing Company (1883). The History of White County, Illinois. Inter-State Publishing Company. p. 921. 
  2. ^ Crossville Centennial History Committee (1995). The Centennial History of Crossville & Phillips Township. Crossville Centennial History Committee. p. 18. 
  3. ^ Patricia S. Davis (1998). Carmi Times Sesquicentennial Edition, December 9, 1965. publisher not known. p. 132. 
  4. ^ Crossville Centennial History Committee (1995). The Centennial History of Crossville & Phillips Township. Crossville Centennial History Committee. p. 15. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.