Cymbopogon flexuosus

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East-Indian Lemon Grass
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Cymbopogon
Species: C. flexuosus
Binomial name
Cymbopogon flexuosus
(Nees ex Steud.) Will.Watson[disambiguation needed]

Cymbopogon flexuosus also called Cochin Grass or Malabar Grass (Malayalam: ഇഞ്ചിപ്പുല്ല്(inchippullu) is a perennial grass native to India, Sri Lanka, Burma, and Thailand. It is placed in the genus Cymbopogon (lemon grasses).

Lemongrass essential oil is produced by steam distillation of the freshly cut leaves,[1] or can be extracted using alcohol. It is believed to help with stress-related disorders, and has been shown to have antifungal and antimicrobial properties.[2] Cymbopogon flexuosus completely inhibits all MRSA colony growth.[3]

Nomenclature and Taxonomy[edit]

List of the cultivars[edit]

Toxicology[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Burdock, George (1997). Encyclopedia of Food and Color Additives. CRC Press. pp. 1560–1. ISBN 0-8493-9416-3. 
  2. ^ Chao, SC; Young, DG; Oberg, CJ (Sep–Oct 2000). "Screening for Inhibitory Activity of Essential Oils on Selected Bacteria, Fungi and Viruses". Journal of Essential Oil Research 12 (5): 639–649. doi:10.1080/10412905.2000.9712177. Retrieved 2006-08-25. 
  3. ^ Inhibition of methicillin-resistant Stapphulococcus aureus (MRSA) by essential oils; Sue Chao, Gary Young, Craig Oberg, and Karen Nakaoka; Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 2008; 23: 444-449
  4. ^ Singh, M. et al. (2008). "Effect of Plant Spacing and Nitrogen Levels on Growth, Herb and Oil Yields of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus (Steud.) Wats. var. I cauvery)". Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 177 (2): 101–105. doi:10.1111/j.1439-037X.1996.tb00598.x. 
  5. ^ Kothari, S. K. et al. "Effect of harvesting frequency on oil yield and quality of lemongrass [Cymbopogon flexuosus (Steud.) Wats ] cv. Krishna". Retrieved 6 June 2009.