Döbeln

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Döbeln
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Döbeln
Coat of arms
Döbeln   is located in Germany
Döbeln
Döbeln
Coordinates: 51°7′10″N 13°6′46″E / 51.11944°N 13.11278°E / 51.11944; 13.11278Coordinates: 51°7′10″N 13°6′46″E / 51.11944°N 13.11278°E / 51.11944; 13.11278
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Mittelsachsen
Subdivisions 19
Government
 • Mayor Hans-Joachim Egerer (CDU)
Area
 • Total 39.47 km2 (15.24 sq mi)
Elevation 159-262 m (−701 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 20,899
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 04720
Dialling codes 03431
Vehicle registration FG, BED, DL, FLÖ, HC, MW, RL
Website www.doebeln.de

Döbeln is a town in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, part of the Mittelsachsen district, located on both banks of the river Freiberger Mulde.

History[edit]

It was founded in the 10th century, the first written proof of its existence dates back to the year 981.[2]

  • Around the year 1220 Döbeln got the official status of a town.
  • 1293: Church of St. Nicholas was first mentioned.
  • 1296: Castle and town are occupied by Adolf of Nassau.
  • 1330: Monastery buildings are completed.
  • 1333: a serious fire incinerates the entire town.
  • 1360: Knight Ulmann of Staupitz builds castle Reichenstein.
  • 1429: Looting of the town and destruction of the castle by the Hussites.
  • 1450: Döbeln is raided by the Bohemians, severely damaging the castle. After that, the castle declined in its importance. In 1567 it was mentioned as "deserted palace" and afterwards only used as a quarry.
  • 1637: Plundered by the Swedes
  • 1730: Another serious blaze hit the city. As a result, the remains of the castle were used as building material for rebuilding. In this fire, 266 homeowners and 400 renters lost their home.
  • During the Seven Years' War, there was a battle between the Prussians and the Austrians. On 12 May 1762 the troops of Prince Henry of Prussia defeated the Austrian troops and took prisoners including the commander General von Zedtwitz.
  • 1754–1810 Döbeln is a garrison of infantry regiment Lubomirsky.
  • 1847 Döbeln was connected to the railway from Riesa. In 1857 the line was extended to Chemnitz. In 1868 the Dresden-Döbeln-Leipzig line was opened.
  • 1945 the city was occupied by the Soviet Army without a single shot being fired.

Historical Population[edit]

From 1960 31 December unless otherwise noted:[3][4] Population History

1694 to 1946

  • 1694: 1,300
  • 1834: 5,677
  • 1859: 10,078
  • 1875: 10,969
  • 1880: 11,802
  • 1890: 13,892
  • 1910: 19,627
  • 1925: 22,508
  • 1933: 24,714
  • 1939: 25,339
  • 1946: 28.841[5]

1950 to 1998

  • 1950: 31,037[6]
  • 1960: 28,904
  • 1964: 28,641
  • 1981: 26,812
  • 1984: 26,998
  • 1986: 27,706
  • 1990: 27,112
  • 1995: 25,046
  • 1997: 24,396
  • 1998: 24,045

1999 to 2006

  • 1999: 23,610
  • 2000: 23,128
  • 2001: 22,653
  • 2002: 22,201
  • 2003: 21,816
  • 2004: 21,365
  • 2005: 21,236
  • 2006: 20,943

2007 to 2014

  • 2007: 20,726
  • 2008: 20,527
  • 2009: 20,337
  • 2010: 20,242
  • 2011: 21,077
  • 2012: 21,016 (May)

Note that the town of Ebersbach, Mittelsachsen, with its population of approximately 1,000 was merged into Döbeln in 2011.

Memorials[edit]

  • Memorial in front of the Crematorium in the graveyard for 21 Polish and Russian men and women who were transported to Germany during World War 2 and died as slave laborers.
  • Memorial at Wettinplatz for all victims of fascism.
  • Memorial in front of the Lessing School for the victims of war and dictatorship between the years 1933 and 1989.

Transport[edit]

Döbeln Central Station is on the Borsdorf–Coswig and Riesa–Chemnitz lines.

It has two connections to the A14 motorway (Autobahn).

Döbeln has the last remaining horse-drawn tram line in Germany, in the form of the Döbeln Tramway. This line originally ran from 1892 to 1926, and was reopened in 2007.

Schlegelbrunnen (fountain) with St Nicholas's Church in background

Twin towns[edit]

Döbeln is twinned with:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes