Dadaloğlu (Veli) (1785 ?-1868 ?) was an Ottoman folk poet
In the Ottoman Empire there were two distinct literatures. Literature of the palace, so called divan literature used Ottoman Turkish, a language with extensive burrowings of words and phrases from Persian and Arabic. This language was not used in daily speech and was not intelligible for most of the population. On the other hand, the folklore literature used everyday language was Turkish with minimum number of loan words from other languages. The best known examples of folklore literature were poems named koşma. A special type of koşma was varsağı which can be described as epic koşma..
Dadaloğlu lived in the mountainous areas of south Anatolia (Nur Mountains and possibly Toros Mountains). His name was Veli. Dadaloğlu was his mahlas (pseudonym). He was a member of a nomadic Turkmen tribe named Afshar tribe. Ottoman government in the first half of the nineteenth century decided to settle down the nomadic tribes to end the tension between the nomadic tribes and the settled people. They were given agricultural land. But most of the tribe members preferred traditional nomadic life style and struggled against the Ottoman high commander. Dadaloğlu was also in the struggle and in his varsağı poems, he reflected the feelings and the reactions of his people. In his verse,
- Ferman padişahınsa, Dağlar bizimdir...
- If the decree belongs to the Sultan, the mountains belong to us...
After a period of struggle, finally Ottoman government persuaded the tribe to adopt a sedentary life. The new home was in Central Anatolia, north of the former area. Dadaloğlu died in the village of Kavaklıpınar, Şarkışla district of Sivas Province.
Although he is known as a varsağı poet, he also produced koşmas in other types. He usually used 8 or 11 syllabic meter. As it is true with other folk poets he used his pseudonym in the last verse.
- About Koşma (Turkish)
- İlyas Örskaya: Edebiyat Bilgileri, Final yayınları ISBN 978-605-374-046-9 p 197
- About Dadaloğlu (Turkish)