|Occupation||Economist, professor, environmentalist, activist, and author|
|Alma mater||Stanford University Graduate School of Business (MBA, PhD)|
|Genres||Localized economies, ecological economics, environmental economics, alternative energy, living economies, sustainability, climate change|
|Spouse(s)||Frances Fisher Korten|
David C. Korten (born 1937) is an American economist, author, and former Professor of the Harvard Business School, political activist, prominent critic of corporate globalization, and "by training and inclination a student of psychology and behavioral systems". His best-known publication is When Corporations Rule the World (1995 and 2001). In 2011, he was named an Utne Reader visionary.
Early life and career
David Korten was born in Longview, Washington in 1937 and is a 1955 graduate of Longview's R. A. Long High School. He received a Master of Business Administration and PhD from the Stanford University Graduate School of Business. He says: "My early career [after leaving Stanford in 1959] was devoted to setting up business schools in low-income countries - starting with Ethiopia". He served during the Vietnam War as a captain in the United States Air Force, undertaking US-based teaching and organizational duties; and for 5½ years was a visiting professor in the Harvard Business School. While at Stanford in the 1950s, he married Frances Fisher Korten, with whom he now lives on Bainbridge Island near Seattle, Washington.
Career and main body of work
Korten served for five and a half years as a Visiting Associate Professor of the Harvard University's Graduate School of Business where he taught in Harvard's middle management, M.B.A. and doctoral programs.
He also served as the Harvard Business School adviser to the Nicaragua-based Central American Institute of Business Administration. He subsequently joined the staff of the Harvard Institute for International Development, where he headed a Ford Foundation-funded project to strengthen the organization and management of national family planning programs.
In the late 1970s, Korten moved to Southeast Asia, where he lived for nearly 15 years, serving as a Ford Foundation project specialist and, later, as Asia regional advisor on development management to the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), which involved him in regular travel between Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines.
Korten says he became disenchanted with the official aid system and devoted his last five years in Asia to "working with leaders of Asian non-governmental organizations on identifying the root causes of development failure in the region and building the capacity of civil society organizations to function as strategic catalysts of national- and global-level change". He formed the view that the poverty, growing inequality, environmental devastation, and social disintegration he was observing in Asia was also being experienced in nearly every country in the world, including the United States and other "developed" countries. He also concluded that the United States was actively promoting—both at home and abroad—the very policies that were deepening the resulting global crisis.
He returned to the US in 1992 and has assisted in raising public consciousness of the political and institutional consequences of economic globalization and the expansion of corporate power at the expense of democracy, equity, and environmental protection.
Korten is co-founder and board chair of the Positive Futures Network which publishes the quarterly YES! Magazine. He is also a board member of the Business Alliance for Local Living Economies, an associate of the International Forum on Globalization, and a member of the Club of Rome.
The Great Turning
Korten's 2006 book The Great Turning: From Empire to Earth Community argues that the development of empires about 5,000 years ago initiated unequal distribution of power and social benefits to a small portion of the population they controlled. He also argues that corporations are modern versions of empire, both being social organizations based on hierarchies, chauvinism, and domination through violence. The rise of powerful advanced technology combined with the control of corporate as well as nation based empires is described as becoming increasingly destructive to communities and the environment. The world is shown as about to face a perfect storm of converging crises including climate change, peak oil, and a financial crisis caused by an unbalanced economy. This will cause major changes to the current economic and social structure. These crises present an opportunity for significant changes that replace the paradigm of "Empire" with one of "Earth Community". Korten's "Earth Community" is based on sustainable, just, and caring communities which incorporate mutual responsibility and accountability.
Korten's collaborator, Joanna Macy, has praised the book, writing "Here is the book we’ve been waiting for. We are not doomed to domination and suicidal competition. We can choose another story. This is the ‘Great Turning."
Author John Michael Greer has critiqued the book noting that "[i]n place of the sloppy and richly human realities of politics and culture in the world we actually inhabit, The Great Turning offers up a one-dimensional morality play in which Empire and Earth Community are the only options, and the choice between them is a choice between absolute evil leading to planetary suicide, on the one hand, and radiant goodness leading straight on to utopia on the other. Third options and moral ambiguity apparently do not exist in Korten’s cosmos." He writes that "[i]n Korten’s view, what makes the tactics of today’s neoconservatives wrong is not that these tactics are morally despicable in themselves; they’re bad solely because the neoconservatives are using them on behalf of Empire, and they become good when proponents of Earth Community take up the same tactics and use them instead." He concludes that "[w]hat it means is that the constructive resources politics might provide to the difficult future ahead are precisely those foreclosed by Korten’s apocalyptic politics, with its demonization of his opponents and its insistence on the unique rightness of his own political stance."
The Unitarian Universalists for a Just Economic Community, has adopted The Great Turning as a major focus.
- Planned Change in a Traditional Society: Psychological Problems of Modernization in Ethiopia, 1972, Praeger Publishers
- People-Centered Development: Contributions Toward Theory and Planning Frameworks, with Rudi Klauss, 1984, Kumarian Press
- Bureaucracy and the Poor: Closing the Gap, with Felipe B. Alfonso, 1985, Kumarian Press
- Community Management: Asian Experience and Perspectives, 1986, Kumarian Press
- Getting to the 21st Century: Voluntary Action and the Global Agenda, 1990, Kumarian Press
- The Post Corporate World: Life After Capitalism, 2000, Berrett-Koehler Publishers
- When Corporations Rule the World, 2001 (2nd edition), 1995 (1st edition), Berrett-Koehler Publishers
- Alternatives to Economic Globalization: A Better World is Possible, 2004 (2nd edition)
- The Great Turning: From Empire to Earth Community, 2007 (2nd edition), Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2006 (1st edition), Kumarian Press, Bloomfield
- Agenda for a New Economy: From Phantom Wealth to Real Wealth – A Declaration of Independence from Wall Street, 2010 (2nd edition), 2009 (1st edition), Berrett-Koehler Publishers
- Globalizing Civil Society, 2010, ReadHowYouWant
- Corporate libertarianism
- Earth Charter
- Spaceship Earth
- Joanna Macy, collaborator with Korten who uses "The Great Turning" idea in her work.
- Biography on self-promotional website.
- "David Korten: Money Changer". Utne Reader, November-December 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- International Forum on Globalization
- Round in Circles: a review of David C. Korten’s The Great Turning Part One: Politics By Another Name
- Round in Circles: a review of David C. Korten’s The Great Turning Part Two: The Amphetamine of the Intellectuals
- Round in Circles: A Review of David C. Korten's The Great Turning Part Three: Apocalyptic Politics
- Unitarian Universalists for a Just Economic Community - information on their Great Turning program
- David Korten website
- David Korten's Blog on the web of YES! Magazine
- People-Centered Development Forum
- Great Turning Initiative website
- YES! A Journal of Positive Futures (see also YES! Magazine)
- Video of David Korten with the Dalai Lama during filming of the documentary Dalai Lama Renaissance
- Conscious Choice - The end of Business as Usual 2007 article on Korten, his work, and an assessment of the significance of "The Great Turning: From Empire to Earth Community
- "What Can We Learn from the Antiglobalists?" - 5,000-word discussion and critique of Korten's book The Great Turning
- "The Betrayal of Adam Smith" by David C. Korten
- The Great Turning – A reference website for the Great Turning book and a resource list for the Great Turning movement
- The Great Turning Navigators' Wiki
- We are hard-wired to care and connect by David Korten, July 30, 2008, YES! Magazine
- The Story of David Korten by Our World in Balance
- Everybody Wants To Rule The World - and interview with David Korten on the Great Turning by Arnie Cooper published in The Sun magazine