Detlev Glanert (6 September 1960) is a German opera composer, who has also composed numerous works for chamber and full orchestra, including three symphonies.
Detlev Glanert was born in Hamburg in 1960. He came to music late, learning his first instrument, the trumpet, at the age of eleven and not starting his formal composition studies until his twenties, when he studied under Diether de la Motte, Günther Friedrichs and Frank Michael Beyer, and then for four years under Hans Werner Henze in Cologne.
Having seen his first operas in Hamburg in 1972 - The Magic Flute, and then Die Soldaten, he has said that from the first moment he loved opera. It was at Henze's invitation that Glanert produced his first sizeable piece of music-theatre, the opera Leyla und Medjun which opened the first Munich Biennale, set up by Henze in 1988. Glanert then became involved in Henze's other festival, the Cantiere Internazionale d'Arte in Montepulciano, firstly as assistant co-ordinator and head of the music school from 1989 to 1993, and later returning as artistic director for the years 2009 to 2011.
He reached widespread attention with his 1995 opera Der Spiegel des großen Kaisers, which was awarded the Rolf-Liebermann-Preis for opera composers. The 1999 premiere of his next opera, Joseph Süss, was a notable cultural event according to Die Welt, which wrote: "The anticipation was truly enormous. Half of operatic Germany sat in the stalls of the Halle Opera House."
In 2006 Glanert's opera Caligula, on a libretto by Hans-Ulrich Treichel after the play by Albert Camus on the last days of the Roman emperor Caligula, was first staged at the Oper Frankfurt, conducted by Markus Stenz. A recording of this production was reviewed:
It's a scenario that Glanert could easily have depicted in sensationalist terms, but the hallmark of his score is its refinement, both in the wonderfully imaginative sound world he creates, and in the smoothly contoured vocal lines. It's an impressive achievement, and the sense of scarcely suppressed menace that pervades the work and carries unmistakable echoes of Strauss's Elektra and Salome is powerfully conjured.
Glanert insists on the importance of connecting with the audience, of making them find something of themselves in the music:
"It must tell you something about your life and something about what you are. Opera has to have this principle, and so does orchestral music. If it does not, it will die."
He typically takes a traditional topos – a standard story or situation – and interprets it with a contemporary slant. In Caligula, for example, the modern twist is that the emperor is not mad but cruel entirely by choice. In Joseph Süss, the story of a Jew executed after being made a scapegoat at a secret trial over 250 years ago, the story reflects not only the Germany of 1738 but that of 1933 to 1945. The darker side of human nature is a recurring theme in Glanert's work. "I look at people as animals because sometimes they behave as animals, as you know", he said of one of his larger orchestral pieces, the Theatrum Bestiarum.
Glanert talked about his musical influences in an interview in 1996. After an initial period of three years when he submerged his own musical personality under that of Henze, he developed his own style between the contrasting poles of Gustav Mahler and Maurice Ravel – Mahler for his structural perspective, "the simple, the dramatic sense of the music", and Ravel for his surface textures, "the artificial masquerade of sounds".
|Title||Format||Libretto and source||Premiere|
|Leviathan||Chamber opera, 18'
First part of the Drei Wasserspiele trilogy
|Thornton Wilder||1986051313 May 1986, Casino, Evian (concert); 2 October 1991, Opera stabile, Hamburg (staged)|
|Leyla und Medjnun||Fairytale for music, 90'||Aras Ören (de) and Peter Schneider, after the epic poem by Nizami||1988052929 May 1988, Munich Biennale|
|Engel derDer Engel, der das Wasser bewegte||Chamber opera, 25'
Second part of the Drei Wasserspiele trilogy
|Thornton Wilder||19950516b16 May 1995, Concordia, Theater Bremen|
|Engel aufDer Engel auf dem Schiff||Chamber opera, 15'
Third part of the Drei Wasserspiele trilogy
|Thornton Wilder||19950516c16 May 1995, Concordia, Theater Bremen|
|SpiegelDer Spiegel des großen Kaisers||Opera in two acts, 110'||Detlev Glanert and Ulfert Becker, after the novel by Arnold Zweig.||1995112323 November 1995, Nationaltheater Mannheim|
|Joseph Süß||Opera in thirteen scenes, 105'||Werner Fritsch (de) and Uta Ackermann.||1999101313 October 1999, Theater Bremen|
|Scherz, Satire, Ironie und tiefere Bedeutung||Comic opera, 110'||Jörg W. Gronius (de), after the play by Christian Dietrich Grabbe||200102022 February 2001, Opernhaus Halle|
|Drei RatselDie drei Rätsel||Opera in two acts for children and adults, 85'||Carlo Pasquini (it)||2003101212 October 2003, Opernhaus Halle|
|Ich bin Rita||Intermezzo, 9'||Elke Heidenreich (de)||2003111515 November 2003, Yakult-Halle, Oper Köln|
|Caligula||Opera in four acts, 135'||Hans-Ulrich Treichel, after the play by Albert Camus.||200610077 October 2006, Oper Frankfurt|
|Nijinskys Tagebuch||For two singers, two actors, two dancers and instrumental ensemble, 95'||Carolyn Sittig, after the German translation by Alfred Frank, of the diaries by Waslaw Nijinsky.||200804066 April 2008, Theater Aachen|
|HolzschiffDas Holzschiff||Opera in one act, 100'||Christoph Klimke (de), after the novel by Hans Henny Jahnn.||201010099 October 2010, Staatstheater Nürnberg|
|Solaris||Opera, 120'||Reinhard Palm (de), after the novel by Stanislaw Lem||2012071818 July 2012, Bregenzer Festspiele|
The chamber operas Leviathan, Der Engel, der das Wasser bewegte and Der Engel auf dem Schiff can be performed together as the trilogy Drei Wasserspiele.
Other works (selected)
- Mahler/Skizze (1989)
- Geheimer Raum ('Secret Room'). Chamber sonata no.3 (2002)
- Theatrum Bestiarum, (Subtitled 'Songs and dances for large orchestra'). (2005)
- Vier Präludien und Ernste Gesänge ('Four Preludes and Serious Songs', after Brahms) (2005)
- Fluß ohne Ufer ('Shoreless River') (2008)
- Einsamkeit ('Loneliness', an orchestration of the Schubert song D.620) (2010)
- Mahler/Skizze. London Sinfonietta / Oliver Knussen. WER 6522-2
- Theatrum Bestiarum. WDR Sinfonieorchester Köln / Semyon Bychkov. SACD AV 2137
- Caligula. World premiere recording. Oper Frankfurt / Markus Stenz. OehmsClassics OC 932
- Rickards, Guy (July 1998). "More than Mere Masquerades of Sounds: The Music of Detlev Glanert". Tempo (Cambridge University Press). No. 205: p. 2–6. JSTOR 944749.
- Munich Biennale, festival history
- Artistic Direction of the Cantiere Internazionale d'Arte di Montepulciano. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- List of award winners, Villa Massimo
- Die Welt, as quoted in Jeffries
- List of members of the Freie Akademie der Künste Hamburg.
- Andrew Clements: Glanert: Caligula The Guardian 29 April 2010
- "Fellows and Honorary Members". Royal Northern College of Music.
- Jeffries, Stuart (22 July 2005). "The devil inside; Stuart Jeffries meets a composer obsessed with humankind's evil tendencies". The Guardian (London).
- Scheduled date, from Boosey and Hawkes' webpage for Glanert's Solaris. Retrieved 16 March 2010
- Composer page at Boosey and Hawkes: biography, works list, recordings and performance search.
- Recent and future performances of Glanert's operas from Operabase
- Literature by and about Detlev Glanert in the German National Library catalogue