1,2-dithiane (left), 1,3-dithiane and 1,4-dithiane (right)
|CAS number||(1,2-dithiane), (1,3-dithiane), (1,4-dithiane)|
|Jmol-3D images||Image 1
|Molar mass||120.24 g mol−1|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
A dithiane is a heterocyclic compound composed of a cyclohexane core structure wherein two methylene bridges (-CH
2- units) are replaced by sulfur centres. The three isomeric parent heterocycles are 1,2-dithiane, 1,3-dithiane and 1,4-dithiane.
1,3-Dithianes are protecting group of some carbonyl-containing compounds due to their inertness to many conditions. They form by treatment of the carbonyl compound with 1,3-propanedithiol under conditions that remove water from the system. The protecting group can be removed with mercuric reagents, a process that exploits the high affinity of Hg(II) for thiolates. 1,3-Dithianes are also employed in umpolung reactions. Typically, in organic synthesis, ketones and aldehydes are protected as their dioxolanes instead of dithianes.