Djurdjura

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Djurdjura Range
Adrar n Jerjer / جبال جرجرة
Kabylie-neige.jpg
Djurjura Range with snow
Highest point
Peak Lalla Khedidja (Tamgut Aâlayen)
Elevation 2,308 m (7,572 ft)
Coordinates 36°26′51″N 04°13′42″E / 36.44750°N 4.22833°E / 36.44750; 4.22833Coordinates: 36°26′51″N 04°13′42″E / 36.44750°N 4.22833°E / 36.44750; 4.22833
Geography
Djurdjura is located in Algeria
Djurdjura
Country Algeria
State/Province Kabylie
Parent range Tell Atlas
Geology
Orogeny Alpine orogeny
Period Early Jurassic
Type of rock Limestone

The Djurdjura or Jurjura Range (Arabic: جبال جرجرة‎, Jabal Jurjura; Berber Adrar n Jerjer)[1] is a mountain range of the Tell Atlas, part of the Atlas Mountain System. It is located in Kabylie, Algeria.

Geography[edit]

The Djurdjura is a massif made up of two differentiated ranges, one in the north with the Haïzer and Akouker subranges and the other in the south. Its highest point, Lalla Khedidja known in Kabylian as Tamgut Aâlayen, has an elevation of 2,308 metres (7,572 ft) and its located in the southern range. Other notable summits are the 2,305 m high Ich n'Timedouine (أكارو تيمدواي), a peak located in the central area of the massif, highest point of the Akouker subrange.

Adrar n'Hayzer (أدرار نن هيدزر), highest point of the Haïzer subrange, is a 2,164 m tall summit rising above Bouira and the high valley of Oued Dhous. The Thaletat is a 1,638 m high rocky mountain with a very original shape located in Tizi Ouzou Province.

Other notable features of the Djurdjura range are the 1,750 m high Tizi n'Tirourda (تيروردا) mountain pass at the eastern end and the Kweryet (كويرت), a 1500 m high mountain that rises to the north of the massif. This mountain gave its name to an ancient commune, Douar N'Kweryet, a commune that gathered certain villages of the Ouacifs (At Wasif) and the Ouadhia (Iwadhiyen).

History[edit]

The range had been known to the ancient Romans as Mons Ferratus, the Iron Mountains. Famous mediaeval explorer Ibn Batuta went to Béjaïa through this mountain range. He was heading towards Tunis with a caravan on his Hajj journey and he traveled to Béjaïa from Mitidja, a plain near Algiers.[2]

The Zouaves of the French Army were first raised in Algeria in 1831 with one and later two battalions, initially recruited solely from the Zouaoua, a tribe of Berbers finding homes in the mountains of the Jurjura range.

Resorts and protected areas[edit]

The Djurdjura National Park is a protected area within the range.[3]

This mountain range also has a ski resort (أكابور مركز تيكجدة) at Tikjda with places such as the Point De Vue Du Djurdjura, as well as the Gouffre de l’Akouker. The resort is located at a height of 1,478 m.[4]

Features[edit]

Lalla-Khadîdja, the highest summit of the range
Landscape of the massive Akouker subrange of the Djurdjura.
View of an Alpine lake near Tikjda.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mamdouh Shahin, Water resources and hydrometeorology of the Arab region, 2007 ISBN 978-1-4020-5414-3
  2. ^ Ibn Batuta Travels in Asia and Africa English translated and selected by H. A. R. Gibb.
  3. ^ Djurdjura National Park, Kabylia
  4. ^ Tikjda – Fun All Year Round

External links[edit]